Using ethephon-treated fruit, pulp firmness decreased more rapidly than the control fruit. 1-MCP treatment delayed pulp firmness decrease for 9 days of ripening at 25ºC. However, a rapid decrease in firmness was found in fruit on day 12 and 15 similar to the rate found in the control fruit on day 5 and 7 (Fig. 1B). TSS of the control fruit increased slightly from day 0 to day 3 and increased rapidly from day 3 to day 9.
B. Clinicopathological studies on the effect of chicory inulin supplementation as feed additives on rabbit: 1. The effect of chicory inulin supplementatiom on some selective hematological studies: Attia et al., (2014) found that RBCs, Hb and PCV of rabbit were insignificantly affected by addition of inulin (35 mg/kg body weight in water 3time weekly for 56 days) in compared with control group. however, Attia et al., (2015) shown that Hb and MCH were significantly increased, meanwhile RBCs, PCV and MCV were insignificantly influenced but MCHC was significantly decreased in inulin group (inulin 250 mg/rabbit for 2 days per week from weaning to 81 day age) compared control one. Also, Ibrahem et al., (2010) evaluated the effect of dietary supplementation of inulin (5g/kg) on the blood PCV of the Nile tilapia fish and found a significant elevation in compared with
GMS concentration and whipping time were significantly affected by foam density. From the table above, foam densities decreased as GMS and whipping time increases up to 2.5% and 15minutes respectively. The reduction in foam densities of all the varieties at whipping time of 9min to 15min and addition of GMS concentration of 1.5 to 2.5% is due to foam formation. This result was in agreement with the trend observed by Falade et al. (2003) who reported that the density of cowpea foam decreased steadily with increased whipping time and the concentration of the foaming agent (i.e., glyceryl monostearate and egg albumin), also Karim and Wei (1999) reported that as the concentration of methocel increased, the star fruit foam density decreased while its volume increased.
The pH reduces abruptly from the initial day and comes to a lower value at a 6.2 at the 9th day which denotes the acidogenic phase of the system. The Ph value started to increase from the 10th day and the pH at the days of highest gad production was 7.21 at the 18th day. The biogas gas production starts to increase rapidly from 13th day to 18th day indicating the methanogenic phase. The pH then remain more or less same and tends to higher value at the last few days of experiment. The pH of the digested slurry at the last days of reading is found to be
In table 1. the pH of 7 has the highest rate of O2 production being 4.41mL/min while the pH with the smallest rate of O2 production being 0.21mL/min is 4. In either direction from the pH7 the average rate is decreasing similar of that to table 2s trend. In table 2. there is a pattern from the temperature of 0.C to 100.C the average change is 2.69mL/min at 0.C then at 23.C it is at its peak being 5.5mL/min but it then decreases again at 4.4mL/min at 37.C. the trend is that in either direction of 23.C the average rate of O2 produced is decreasing. As per table 3. there is a pattern with the enzyme concentration going from 100% to 0%, at 100% the rate of O2 production is at its highest being 7.79mL/min while at 0% the rate of O2 production is at its lowest being 0mL/min.
Daptomycin caused a reduction in cell viability of 3 log 10 CFU/mL after 6 h in PBS while tetracycline caused only bacteriostasis. TBHQ had no effect on bacterial viability for the first 120 min of the experiment, but killing was observed thereafter. The bacterial killing was initiated after the conversion of TBHQ into TBBQ and the extent of kill was increased with increasing TBBQ concentration, ultimately leading to a 4 log 10 drop in cell number after 6h. TBBQ was rapidly and extensively bactericidal, causing 5 log10 drop in cell number within 3 h. Kim et al.,  determined the bactericidal effect of DMBQ by the time-kill curve experiment. The effect of DMBQ against S. typhimurium cells was bacteriostatic for the first 5 h of incubation after addition of the compound.
was isolated from prawn body. Larvae were fed twice per day with probiotic mixed feed for treatment group. As compared to the control group, significant reduction of V. harveyi growth was observed at 8 hr and at 50 days in in-vitro and in-vivo challenge test, respectively. Treatment group showed better performance than the control one in terms of growth, digestibility and immunity. The weight gain at probiotic treated prawn at the end of the experiment was recorded as 549.30±40.02% (specific growth rate SGR 3.12±0.10), while it was 310.77±18.68% (SGR 2.35±0.08) in control group.
4, cucumber plants grown under NaCl stresses exhibited significant decreases in N, P, K, Ca, and Mg contents, and significant increases in Na+ and Cl– compared to the plants grown in non-saline conditions. The lowest values of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg and the highest values of Na+ and Cl– were pronounced at the highest NaCl level. Foliar applications of salicylic acid, proline, or glycine betaine enhanced N, P, K, Ca, and Mg contents in cucumber leaves and decreased Na+ and Cl– contents under non-saline and saline conditions. Salicylic acid spraying was the most effective treatment in alleviating the negative effects of NaCl
Treatment of Trichoderma harsianum increased one or two days as compared with control and other treatments in both seasons. Moreover, the treatments of eucalyptus oil, clove oil, Rizolex and control gave the same values without significant differences among them in both seasons. Also, it is clear from Table 7 that head weight loss percentage of cauliflower was significantly decreasing by treatments, the superior treatment was Trichoderma harsianum compared to control and other treatments in both seasons, these results are agree to those obtained by Bettial,