Gods and mortals fought a brutal war for what they thought was right and to get back at past evils. The actions inspired by vengeance and justice in Homer’s Iliad shows how detrimental the effects can be on others. The Justice seeked by warlike Menelaus causes pain and suffering to many on all sides of the war. Paris by abducting Helen hurt Menelaus’s pride, “Menelaus had in mind taking revenge on the man who’d injured him” (Homer, Iliad 3. 26-27).
During the escape from the cyclops’ cave, Odysseus made all his men go first before he escaped. Odysseus sacrificed his safety for his men, which shows that heroes make sacrifices. Also, Odysseus sacrificed his way home. Odysseus teased the cyclops about how he was able to to defeat him. That angered the cyclops, so he cursed Odysseus and his men so that they wouldn’t be able to go home.
Eater of guests under your roof! Zeus and the gods have paid you!’” (668, 473-480) In this passage, Odysseus has defeated Polyphemus and is now sailing away. However, Odysseus’s ego and cockiness catches up to him as he taunts the cyclops with words of retribution for his fallen comrades. This, however, gets his group in trouble as Polyphemus hears his banter, and uses the direction that it came from to hurl a mountain top at them, all but beaching their ship. This, to any man with self-control, would be the point at which he turned his butt around and got out of there asap.
In The Odyssey the main character Odysseus loses shipmates to a Cyclops. Odysseus was the main reason the Greeks beat the Trojans in the Trojan War and due to this he became arrogant and believed he was a step above the world. This sort of arrogant demeanor is what caused his friends death and nearly took his own too. He saw his companions faces “turn to grief tallying those who had not fled from death.” (Homer 09. 382-383) He took battles that could have been avoided but were necessary in his return home.
Odysseus is accompanied by his crew, but unlike other stories, Homer shares the names and families of almost all the fallen crewmen. The deaths in The Odyssey are exceptionally bloody and filled with gore, allowing the reader to visualize and understand the true horror and violence held in the scenes. Additionally, he was reluctant in setting out for war and wished that he could stay back and
The tale of the Land of the Cyclopes is a very prominent feature in Odysseus’ story. Here we really see our hero show his skills in a multitude of ways. Not only does Ody trick a demigod but he also blinds him. The crew of men our protagonist brought to the island believes that they should off Polyphemus in his sleep, but in that moment Odysseus shows a higher understanding of the world. The man know that if they killed the cyclops then, they would never escape the cave because they weren’t strong enough to move the boulder that blocked the way.
This event shows how important Xenia to the Ancient Greeks and to Odysseus because Odysseus literally executes every single one for false Xenia, for taking advantage of it. “You dogs! you never imagined I’d return from Troy— so cocksure that you bled my house to death, ravished my serving-women—wooed my wife behind my back while I was still alive! No fear of the gods who rule the skies up there, no fear that men’s revenge might arrive someday— now all your necks are in the noose—your doom is sealed!” This citation applies to Xenia not for the actual definition, but the reverse, it displays how important Xenia was to the Ancient Greeks in The Odyssey; because he killed them due to the suitors taking advantage of the ancient value and using it
He fights to the best of his abilities against many monsters such as Polyphemus, Circe, and the sea monster Scylla. There has been many claims that Odysseus isn’t hero because he lets his crew die. Just because his crew didn’t survive, it certainly does not mean he isn’t a hero. He tries his very best and even test his limits in order to get him and his crew back home. An example of this is in Homer’s ‘The Odyssey” where Odysseus tries to persuade his crew to bypass Thrinacia, the island of the sun god Helios, but they were too stubborn and insisted on landing.
Polyphemus’ purpose in The Odyssey is to show the two sides of Odysseus – the clever hero and the rash idiot – by providing obstacles for Odysseus to overcome. The way that a person responds to a challenge says much about the person themselves. Polyphemus asks: “But tell me, / Where did you leave your ship? Far / Down by the coast, or close? I’d like to know” (Odyssey.9.274-276), not out of the goodness of his heart, but because he wants to destroy their ship.
On the way home, Odysseus has been tested on his ability to survive and be a good hero. While Odysseus has been gone the kingdom has lost hope that Odysseus is alive. Men have started raiding the kingdom hoping to win Penelope 's heart and rule the kingdom. Odysseus proves himself a good leader due to his experience,
Hades was the brother of Zeus and Poseidon. After the overthrow of their father, Cronus, he drew lots with them to share the universe. He drew poorly, which resulted in becoming lord of the underworld and ruler of the dead. Nevertheless, he was not considered to be death itself, as this was a different god, called Thanatos. Greedy like his brother Poseidon, he was mainly interested in increasing