Iliad, the epic poem is written by a great epic poet Homer. This poem is a classic in real terms and recounts some historic facts about the last ten years of Trojan war and the Greek siege city of Troy. Tracing back its history, Iliad is thought to be written back in 8th century B.C. and it is considered one of the earliest works in western literary tradition. It captures the scene of blood, abductions, murders, wrath of Achilles, revenge, anger and intervention of gods. The scene of warfare and blood are presented in the poem through oral tradition initially.
“A hero is an ordinary individual who finds the strength to preserve and endure in spite of overwhelming obstacles. ”- Christopher Reeve. This quote relates to the hero, Odysseus because he does many heroic actions in the epic that classifies him to be heroic. The Odyssey is a about a man named Odysseus, who has to face many challenges in order to return to his home, Ithaca.
The homecoming of Odysseus was quite an extravagant one. He didn’t come home to peace and happiness, he returned from a long series of trials and battles only to enter into another one. But this time he wasn’t fighting for his survival, he was fighting for his family, and for vengance. Odysseus was known for being very clever, and he continued to use that to his advantage when it came to his homecoming. He came disguised as a poor beggar, and didn’t reveal his true self to many people before the battle.
Imagine living in ancient times when science did not explain the way the universe works, rather myths filled with death and destruction, and glory and Gods were all you had to turn to. According to Bulfinch, "The myths of the ancients were allegorical and symbolical, and contained some moral, religious, or philosophical truth or historical fact, under the form of an allegory", but came in process of time to be understood literally. The ancient Greeks took what was originally meant to be fiction and made it fact. Although scientific advancements have taken the place of the myths for most people today, the ancient Greeks devoutly believed in Gods and goddesses like Athena who in their minds influenced everything around them. In Greek Mythology,
The cyclops Polyphemus effectively sets up the entire plot of Homer’s Odyssey, unleashing Poseidon’s wrath on Odysseus and consequently emerging as one of his most formidable rivals. Despite being perceived by Odysseus as an uncivilized savage and the polar opposite of a Greek citizen, it becomes evident that although the two are opposed in terms of customs, they fundamentally resemble one another when analyzed through the lens of xenia, rendering Odysseus’ worldview xenophobic. Thus, the Polyphemus episode turns into a powerful allegory for how the West has traditionally viewed people from foreign cultures that they sought to subjugate. Odysseus regards Polyphemus as inferior because of behavior that he sees as uncivilized when compared to
Epic poetry, known for its grand descriptions of glorious accomplishments, revolves around an honorable protagonist. As the hero faces adversity in his journey, he triumphs in fleeting moments of bravery. He often exhibits his physical strength to overcome his hardships, manifesting a story with a violent nature. In Homer’s The Odyssey, King Odysseus of Ithaca struggles to return to his loving wife and son after having fought in the Trojan War.
“And the suitors mad with fear at her great sign stampeded like stung cattle by a river when the dread shimmering gadfly strikes in summer, in the flowering season, in the long-drawn days. After them the attackers wheeled, as terrible as eagles from eyries in the mountains veering over and diving down with talons wide unsheathed on flights of birds, who cower down the sky chutes and bursting along the valley.” (Homer, 1842-1850) The Odyssey, a legendary epic poem, stars a noble king on his quest to returning home, Odysseus, son of Laertes. To start of the story, Odysseus, king of Ithaca, was called to fight in the Trojan War.
A hero is a person who is not out to destroy the enemy but to save their brothers from impending doom. It’s not about how many lives they save, it’s their motive and attitude in doing so. If somebody saves lives or only annihilates lives to be worshiped then their motive is prideful. A hero should not be prideful, because a prideful man is a blinded man. Henry Ward Beecher states, “A prideful man is seldom a grateful man, for he never thinks he gets as much as he deserves.”
After Odysseus and his men had made it back from the underworld, they made their way towards Circe 's Island. They were all exhausted and decided that they should all get some rest for what lies in their next adventure. When Odysseus woke up the next morning from a sleep that left him even more tired, he couldn 't tell where he was. His compass was going haywire, and he couldn 't figure out where he was.
Throughout one’s life it becomes evident very early on, that “nobody's perfect”. No matter the circumstances one is bound to need some sort of mischief in their life. This statement is also true for the following texts, whether it’s the subtlety of Catchers main character, Holden Caulfield or the obvious scheming ways of Odysseus in The Odyssey, tricksters play a crucial role in the plotline of the texts. However, being a trickster is not always considered to be a bad thing. It all depends on the intentions it is based upon and the way one goes about carrying it out.
Through the ages, grandiose tales of monsters and heroes have been told and retold either by oral tradition or written for future generations to learn from those who have come before them. To the Greek culture, these stories represent what it means to be a man, a patriarch, and the hero that can accomplish anything with a little help from the gods. In both, the Odyssey and Medea, the heroes have accomplished extraordinary feats that sets them on a path to a better future, not just for them, but for their children as well. In Homer’s Odyssey, Odysseus has taken a long journey to come home to his Greek wife, in contrast, in Euripides’ Medea, Jason takes a journey with his Colchian wife to settle in a new home in Greece. In the end, Odysseus is able to accomplish great feats of bravery and enjoy the remainder of his life, but Jason fails at his attempt to forge a life beyond his great feats of bravery.
The saying that opposites attract is widely used, but is there a point in a relationship were those opposites become too much to bear? In the Odyssey, the main characters who are married show just this. The time they spent away, the differences that they thought would keep them together actually drove them apart. It is through the same journeys that tore them apart that the true colors of each spouse come out. Although their journeys may seem similar, Penelope proves throughout the book to be more loyal to her spouse and a better self-advocate than Odysseus.
In the current universe we know, numbers are everything and everywhere. They govern everything from how the universe formed to how a plant arranges its petals. There is nothing that escapes the reach of numbers, not even something as abstract and fantastical as literature. A prime example of that is The Odyssey by Homer, one of the first Greek literary works. Although Homer probably preceded the in-depth study of numbers, he lived in a very superstitious time.
The definition of a hero has evolved over time. According to Merriam Webster Online Dictionary, the first definition of a hero is, “a mythological or legendary figure often of divine descent endowed with great strength or ability.” In The Odyssey, written by Homer, Odysseus is a hero according to this definition. Odysseus is a hero because he used his strength to overcome tough circumstances. Odysseus battles many mortals, immortals, monsters, and even gods.
In the book the Odyssey, it mainly talks about Odysseus’ journey home. His journey was very dangerous and involved many threats to Odysseus’ life. He encountered many supernatural being such as gods and goddesses and traveled to many different places including the underworld. Even though, Odysseus killed many people on his journey, Odysseus is a hero because he defeated all of his enemies, overcame many obstacles, and survived a dangerous, twenty-year journey. To begin, Odysseus is a hero because he conquered all of his enemies.
“Xenia”, the Greek concept of hospitality, is both followed and rejected throughout Homer’s The Odyssey, and it causes significant results in the situations expressed throughout the book. For example, when Odysseus gets back to Ithaka, Eumaios, his swineherd, does not recognize his master but still welcomes him into his hut, resulting in Odysseus eventually reuniting with his son. Even though Eumaios does not know it is his master, he still allows Odysseus to come inside and make him feel comfortable. Eumaios’s actions prove the significance of the practice of xenia throughout Ancient Greece.
The Odyssey is a classic tale of the hero, although some heroes are not what they are depicted to be. In the first four chapters of The Odyssey, by Homer, we are introduced to Telemachus, these books appropriately introduce us to Homer's work as well as lead us into the rest of the book. We have a mental image of Odysseus as a brave warrior and a noble husband, he is described as the ideal person. The view of the readers towards Odysseus is a positive one, we hope that he will return home to his wife and son, unfortunately, when we finally meet him he comes off as arrogant and cocky. These books introduce us to Homer's work as we see with the introduction, as he introduces us to Telemachus rather than his father, Odysseus, who is the main character.
No one is perfect. Not even heroes. No matter how perfect someone may seem, they always have faults. For example, the main character, Odysseus, in the epic ‘The Odyssey’, is very noble, and heroic. However, Odysseus still has many faults by giving in to his emotions.
At the beginning of The Odyssey, Odysseus’ son Telemachus is immature and helpless; however, through the lessons he learned on his journey, he matures into a stronger young man. Telemachus sees Mentes, who is actually a disguised Athena, for the first time in the beginning of The Odyssey. “First by far to see her was Prince Telemachus, sitting among the suitors, heart obsessed with grief.” (1.132-3) Here, Telemachus, one of novice experience in dealing with life crises weeps and wishes that his father could come back and deal with those residing in their household, rather than facing the suitors that feast on what little is left of Odysseus’ inventory. The suitors are finally getting on newly brazen Telemachus’ nerves, “But self-possessed
In Homer’s epic poem, The Odyssey, the character Telemakhos struggles to become a man. Telemakhos lacks confidence in himself and is irritable. Though he has negative qualities that can hold him back from maturing, he also has many good qualities that will help him become a man. At first Telemakhos is too afraid to confront his mother's suitors and starts off insecure about his potential.