An exemplar is an individual who represents and embodies the fundamental characteristics of the belief system to which they adhere. Exemplars are employed within stories, both written and spoken, to inspire individuals to act in like manner, and consequently, in accordance to the traditions and laws of their specified religion. Exemplars are—typically—rewarded for their actions and hailed as heroes, as to encourage others to act similarly. It is much easier for an individual to attempt to imitate the correct actions of others than it is to blindly follow a set of rules and commands. Nearly all religions and belief systems utilize this technique, and have done so since their initial origins. Two prominent texts that exploit this age-old technique …show more content…
After ten years of fighting in the Trojan War, Odysseus is forced to endure another ten years of hardship while on his journey to his homeland in Ithaca. In a dialogue between Telemachus and Menelaus, the King of Sparta, exclaims, “…no one of the Achaeans labored as much as Odysseus labored and achieved, and for him the end was grief for him…”(Odyssey). Menelaus’s examination of Odysseus not only displays his unyielding discipline and courage, but it also presents one of the fundamental dilemmas of the Greek belief system—that suffering is oftentimes certain and unavoidable. During Odysseus’s telling of his travels to the Phaeacians he recounts, “Dear friends, surely we are not unlearned in evils. This is no greater evil now than it was when the Cyclops had us cooped in his hollow cave by force and violence, but even there, by my courage and counsel and my intelligence, we escaped away” (Odyssey). In this passage, Odysseus shows that he is self-aware of his favorable behavior and exceptional guilefulness. However, with further analysis of the scene in which Odysseus reveals his true identity to Polyphemus, one also witnesses the hubris of Odysseus and the natural imperfections of mankind. Upon Odysseus’s eventual return home, he—much like Joseph—seeks to restore the social order of his homeland. Such is seen when Odysseus presents his disdain for the actions of the
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Ethan Pfeiffle Mr. Kawel ENGL 2 February 21, 2023 Working title This paper will be about how Odysseus became a hero and the obstacles he faced during his journey home, and how my choice text “Long way down” compares with the Odyssey. This essay comes from the odyssey written in the 7th century BC by Homer. Before he was lost at sea and missing for 10 years he was a war hero, he is the one who won the trojan war for the greeks with his genius idea of the trojan horse where they made a hollow horse that they stuffed warriors into and they gave it to the trojans as peace gift but after they celebrated and got drunk and fell asleep the warriors came out and opened the gates to troy and they killed all of the trojans and won the war.
Have you ever been so afraid to face your fears, that you would simply avoid it, push it aside or ignore it? Throughout the epic poem “The Odyssey”, you learn how people run away from their fears. After twenty years of the great Greek hero Odysseus absence on the island of Ithaka, he fights to make his travel home and defeat whatever lies in his path. In the epic poem “The Odyssey”, the greatest prices are paid when a character doesn’t face their struggles and fears. This is shown by Odysseus’s crew with the bag of winds, his experience with the Cyclops, and with Penelope who never acts on her feelings of Odysseus absence.
“It always seems impossible until it's done.” Much like Odysseus’s pilgrimage home to Ithaca, my journey through middle school was filled with many twists and turns. As terrifying as it was to row past Scylla’s cave, taking those first steps into the sixth grade hall was a very similar experience. Throughout my middle school odyssey, I learned many lessons such as how to have self-confidence and bravery in tough situations, to be ambitious, and to always persevere. When Homer wrote The Odyssey, he clearly illustrated that Odysseus never stopped believing in himself by rowing past Charybdis, and approaching Aeolus, the god of the winds.
Provide significant details about the author (120-1): Homer Style5 conventions (121) - Homer used invocation, this is when someone, most likely the hero, asks for help, in medias res, this is when there is something in the middle of a story without any preamble, epic similes, this is a very detailed simile and it can be multiple lines long, metrical similes, this is the rhythm of the poem, and stock epithets, this is a descriptive phrase. Philosophies (Women)- Homer portrays women as strong characters. (Sparknotes.com→ paraphrased) Criticism- There are some who have said that Homer never even lived.
Symptoms such as depression, impulsive anger, and paranoia continue to affect Odysseus in his life, though he and others might fail to recognize it. While The Odyssey might be a fictional epic, the issues it addresses are still very real even in today’s society. Post traumatic stress disorder is still a significant issue, and though rates of the illness have improved, work still needs to be done. However, the solution to PTSD is not reducing the impact of warfare, but instead, providing a better, more welcoming environment for returning soldiers like Odysseus. This story might still provide comfort to soldiers today, because they witness Odysseus overcome his adversities, giving hope that they too can
In literature, a common process for the protagonist to go through is to go on a journey in order for them to develop as a character and to further the story as a whole. This idea of a character’s journey is notably seen in Homer’s The Odyssey, Dante’s Inferno, and Voltaire’s Candide. All three of these texts depict not only the protagonist going through a journey, but they also depict in very different ways these characters use their abilities to overcome obstacles in their path and learn from their mistakes to show their individual character development. In The Odyssey, Inferno, and Candide, Odysseus, Dante and Candide show three different ways how ????????
In the epic story the Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus is returning from the Trojan war, and on his way home he finds many obstacles ahead of him. Odysseus is the ruler of Ithaca and he is trying to return home to his land. Many creatures try and stop him from achieving his goal of returning home, but he and his crew have to push through and get home. Odysseus portrays bravery and courage leading his crew through these tough challenges. Odysseus heroically leads his crew and himself through dangerous obstacles, but also foolishly endangers them during the journey home.
TS1 (Thesis): In The Odyssey, Homer depicts Odysseus’ real foe as the theme of temptation with displays of hubris and lustrous goddesses, which portrays the importance of being vigilant to not submit to temptation. ST1: Homer depicts that Odysseus is determined to get home, but Odysseus succumbs to temptation when he leads his crew into the cyclops lair, eats the cyclops’ food, and demands for a gift, resulting in a protracted journey home. 1: Homer displays Odysseus as recklessly brave when he requests, “we’re at your knees, in hopes of… a guest-gift”(9.300) from the cyclops. 2: It is apparent that Odysseus has given into the temptation to be arrogant when he declares for the cyclops to give them, “a guest-gift,” after Odysseus and his men have broken into the cyclops lair, showing even further Odysseus’ isn’t vigilant to
“Greed is a bottomless pit which exhausts the person in an endless effort to satisfy the need without ever reaching satisfaction.” -Erich Fromm ‘The Odyssey’ by Homer, follows the story of Odysseus, a great Greek hero. It tells of his venture to Troy, to lead his army in the Trojan War, and his separation from loved ones and his kingdom for twenty years. However, the novel mainly focuses on the story of his homecoming and all he, and many others, had to endure while he was returning from abroad.
John Ruskin once said, “The first test of truly great man is his humility”. In The Odyssey, an epic poem by Homer, the central character Odysseus learns humility through his failures and growth in obedience making him a hero. Odysseus reaches a heroic status through the lessons learned on his journey, which ultimately taught him the value of obedience and the dangers of arrogance. Initially, Odysseus appears to lack the heroic quality of humility, through his narcissistic nature.
From Odysseus’ time with Calypso in Ogygia up until the moment he takes back his home and wife from the suitors in Ithaca, the struggles he faces help answer what makes for a good life. Homer uses Odysseus’ journey throughout “The Odyssey” to identify four aspects of a good life: mortality, honor, hospitality, and experiences. Homer reveals that mortality is necessary for a good life when Odysseus denies the opportunity for immortality that Calypso offers, he shows the significance of honor in his description of Odysseus’ bravery in the Trojan war and the consequent respect that Odysseus’ crew has for him, Homer reinforces the importance of hospitality in each city Odysseus travels to, and he conveys that experiences, good or bad, define a good life. The Greeks held their gods in high esteem and therefore when Homer or other characters in the epic refer to Odysseus as being “godlike,” this is one of the highest compliments he could receive.
Naturally, he has much to be proud of: his sexy and loyal wife, his bravery, and his victorious battles from the Trojan War and beyond. However, his arrogance creates a weakness in his character that negatively impacts himself and the people around him. The evolution in Odysseus’s personality turns him from an arrogant flaunter to a humble man, and demonstrates that the strifes he encounters during his journey home is not simply new experiences, but also his beginning of a profound revelation. Starting from the middle of the mountain, Odysseus’s new transformation will allow him to soar to the top with eagle
This character is brought to light using several incidents and events that help to analyze and interpret the ancient Greek world and the values surrounding them. Each episode supports and allows for the development of Odysseus’ character and acknowledges the effects of these features. Through these specific incidents, the reader uncovers the quality of Odysseus and how his characteristics relate to those praised by Greeks and those that were criticized. Persistent components of Odysseus’ character include cleverness and pride, while major themes that are reiterated are Greek ideals and the struggle to reach home. Conclusively, definitive occasions in “The Odyssey” establish and expand upon the character of Odysseus and how it impacts himself and
The Odyssey, Homer, takes the reader on a man's journey back home after being faced with many struggles for 15 years. Throughout the epic poem, The Odyssey, several examples of epic concepts are shown, such as; epithets, epic similes, and archetypes. Epithets are most commonly seen throughout this epic poem. This is evident because there are many examples of epithets in each book of The Odyssey. For example when the gods and goddesses were discussing Odysseus' fate they used a epithet.
In the book called The Odyssey by Homer, it mainly follows the story of a king of a village called Ithaca, hundreds of years ago-This man, is named Odysseus. Odysseus goes through many adventures after the victory of the Trojan War. However, this is where Odysseus, is not being as strong as a great war hero and a king as he should be. Although Odysseus was seen as a very strong person, physically and mentally, he lacks the appreciation and the care of his crew throughout the trials and didn’t think through many of his actions thoroughly and how they would affect not only his crew but people around him.