1) He then fights and kills all the suitors in his home in Ithaca with some help from his son. Before the long journey home Odysseus was one of the most respected and important military advisors and leaders . In the end, his skills and craft aid him in finally getting home to his wife and son. The Odyssey has a number of motifs which are demonstrated throughout the story and help Odysseus find his way home. His leadership guides his ship crew and they loyally follow him wherever he goes.
After Athena disguises him, Odysseus goes to his loyal swine herder, Eumaeus. This passage that is spoken by Eumaeus represents two themes. The first is the theme of hospitality. Throughout The Odyssey, a common theme of hospitality has been shown. Eumaeus has welcomed the traveler into his home and has given him shelter and food despite the fact that he has little to offer.
Even though Odysseus is quite the leader, sometimes he needs help from his female peers in order to overcome a threatened homelife and the long journey home. Athena and Circe guide and fight for not only Odysseus' life but also his happiness. Athena helps Odysseus find his son, with whom he kills the suitors and reestablishes his place as king of Ithaca. Circe is Odysseus' secret weapon in the fact that she tells him about the merciless miscreant that he will encounter on his expedition like the sirens, Scylla and Charybdis. Athena and Circe are two of the many people in the Odyssey that make it possible for Odysseus to return to Ithaca.
Previously, Homer inserted his character into less major roles, but, when Odysseus becomes a storyteller, Homer is able to show his understanding of the character in the most in-depth way possible. For instance, Odysseus spends Books Nine to Twelve acting as a minstrel would, recounting detailed tales of adventures at sea and the moving story of a hero’s hardships to the Phaiakian court. When Odysseus is finished with his storytelling, “no one stirred or sighed in the shadowy hall, spellbound as they all were” (13.1-2), as his account of his story moved all to silence. Homer’s understanding of Odysseus is spotlighted, as the four chapters are told through Odysseus’s narration of events and the hero is put into the mindset of the speaker. He finishes by telling the court, “Those adventures made a long evening, and I do not hold with tiresome repetition of a story” (12.578-580), suggesting that, instead of simply conveying a story without thought, Homer told his stories with investment, understanding, and emotion the way Odysseus does.
Odysseus’s Traits Throughout the Odyssey, the main character Odysseus goes on an epic adventure with his focus being to get home to his wife Penelope, and his son Telemachus. He faces many obstacles dealing with characters such as the Cyclopes, Poseidon, Aeolus, Athena, Helios, Calypso, Zeus, Hermes, Scylla, and Circe. Odysseus’s men are some of the most valuable people to him throughout the Odyssey. He always puts himself in front of danger for them to protect them even though they all died from an unexpected turn of events soon before he returns home. When Odysseus comes home he greets his twenty year old son and straightens things out on his homeland, Ithaca.
Hospitality in Homer’s time was well shown through long travels such as Odysseus ' in The Odyssey as well as the guest-friend relationship, known as xenia. A reason hospitality was so important in those times was because the Greeks believed the gods wanted them to show hospitality to anyone that showed up at their home. “What kind of land have I come to now? Are the natives wild and lawless savages, Or god fearing men who welcome strangers? (6.118-20) At this time in the story, Odysseus washes up at the Phaeacians’ city.
When she confronts him with the question as to why he would go back to a mortal when a goddess is right in front of him, he is still convinced that his place is at his home. Being apart from his family brings him suffering, even though he could simply bask in immortality without a care in the world if he stayed with Kalypso, he refuses to do so. It shows where Odysseus’ true feelings lie and how sad he feels to be away for so
Also, the symbol of the house of gold shows that Odysseus has found many forms of paradise on his journey. But none of these places have appealed to Odysseus more than his own home, Ithaca. After his stay at Phaeacia, when Odysseus has infiltrated his own home to stop the suitors from marrying his wife. Disguised as a beggar, he asks some of the suitors for food. But then Antinous, the lead suitor, asks Odysseus why they should give away someone else’s food.
Nevertheless, Odysseus overcomes his hubris at the end of The Odyssey and returns to his rightful place as a father, a husband, and as a nobleman in Ithaca. Odysseus’s twenty years worth of karma depicts the reality of the saying, “what goes around comes around”. In ways such as when he vitiated and stole the Cyclops’s belongings and in return, his home and belongings were vitiated as well; and when he cheats on Penelope with Calypso, and afterwards, many men sought after Penelope for marriage Odysseus mistreated others and the same was done to him in the end. Treating others how you want to be treated is one of the ulterior messages in this story because when you treat others badly, you may get twenty years worth of
However, his escapades in particular are especially demanding. For instance, Odysseus is held captive for several years by the goddess Kalypso, who allures him with her enchanting looks and mesmerizing ways, on the island of Ogygia. All the while he is there, the protagonist continuously longs for his wife and home. This is especially evident when he admits to the goddess, “Yet, it is true, each day I long for home, long for the sight of home” (5. 228-30).