Oedipus the King is one of the most ironic plays ever written. Sophocles, the author, is a famous philosopher of the ancient times The Play is about Oedipus, the king of Thebes, who kills his father and marries his mother. An oracle warned Laius, the king of Thebes prior to Oedipus, that his son would murder him. Accordingly, when his wife, Jocasta, had a son, he exposed the baby by first pinning his ankles together. The infant, who was adopted by King Polybus of Corinth and his wife was then brought up as their very own. In the earlier years Oedipus visits Delphi and learns that he was fated to kill his father and marry his mother. He then planned to never return to Corinth. In the play "Oedipus the King", the author presents us with several …show more content…
The destiny that Oedipus was attempting to avoid, was the destiny that he was also fulfilling. Fate is defined as a destined outcome; nothing can alter that no matter what is tried. Anyway, it was too late for Oedipus to do anything about it, for the many factors that contributed to his death were irreversible and dormant until the very ironically tragic end. Oedipus tried to master fate and it ultimately mastered him. The characters in Oedipus the King develop the plot and make it a complete tragedy. Oedipus, had some undesirable flaws as well as some good characteristics. Oedipus had a flaring temper that ruined his life. We all learned that having a bad attitude doesn’t get you anywhere in life. Oedipus was also arrogant, especially after defeating the Sphinx. But, he was also a good man, father, husband, and king, and for this reason he is mourned over for his loss of fortune. One of the themes in Oedipus Rex is physical and metaphorical blindness. In Greek culture, those who were physically blind were said to have metaphorical "vision" and were messengers of the gods. For example, In the beginning, Oedipus is blind, not physically, but metaphorically because he does not know the …show more content…
Even though it seems that Oedipus has not been a particularly good monarch, having a king put to death could have serious repercussions on the rest of the kingdom. The only way to cure the plague and keep the kingdom stable seems to be the banishment of Oedipus. In this case, the question of whether or not he deserved to be punished seems irrelevant; Oedipus ' only goal was to stop the plague and by leaving, he has accomplished that goal. Banishment was the only choice. So in the end, Oedipus no longer thinks of himself. Thinking of his children 's impending marriage, Oedipus begs for his children and no longer can think of himself as anything more than a creature that embodies what it means to be pathetic: “When you come to the age ripe for marriage, who will he be who will run the risk, children, to take for himself the reproaches that will be banes for my parents and offspring alike? What evil is absent? Your father slew his father; he ploughed his mother, where he himself was sown, and he sired you in the same fount where he himself was sired. Such taunts you will hear, and then who will marry
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Easily perceived as a target by a supernatural force, the concept of an acclaimed Greek Tragedy throughout history lies in the heart of the tragic hero. " Oedipus the King," a classic play written by Sophocles, involves the protagonist named Oedipus leaving his hometown, Thebes, in attempt to escape the fate determined by the gods; however, inevitably fails to save his parents and himself, justifying the belief that man should not oppose their fate. Hence, in the tragedy of "Oedipus the King," Oedipus is meticulously defined as a tragic hero in which he demonstrates his hamartia of overwhelming pride, in turn leading to negative repercussions to others' lives due to Oedipus's downfall. Sophocles's classic tragedy precisely demonstrates Oedipus
Oedipus the King is a tragedy about a young king who tried to escape fate. When Oedipus was a child, his parents abandoned him and he was adopted by another family who was Royal as well. He then learns about his fate that he would kill his father and sleep with his mother, so he got away from his adoptive parents thinking that would happen to them. He then goes to Thebes where he solves the Sphinx’s riddle and becomes the ruler. Later on we learn that the kingdom is cursed because the one who killed the king, King Laius, has to leave the kingdom.
First his denial of being the source of the plague. Second, his egotistical abilities that will form his plot to change his fate. And lastly, the consequences of his denial that will lead him to his physical and emotional destruction. It would seem that in this case, Oedipus’s fate is his own enemy.
According to Aristotle, a tragic hero stands as impeded by a distinguishable characteristic or character trait, which leads to his/her ultimate demise. The “flaw” in a hero’s personality has the driving force behind their demise. This characteristic is said to not only lead to the hero's demise ,but may also enable the reader to sympathize with the character. It follows that in Oedipus the King, a Greek tragedy, the tragic hero Oedipus should have some sort of flaw. Further in the text, it slowly becomes more clear that oedipus’s flaw is his own pride.
And later, married Jocasta - Laius' widow thus, his mother. Throughout the play, Oedipus wanted to have control over everything that was going on, and over everyone involved with him and his family. He started as the most powerful character in the play and ended up being the weakest one due to his need and urge to control even the unpredictable and to know the answer and reason for everything. It all turned into what's called rationality vs. fate because by wanting to find out who killed Laius (rationality) - to make sure that the prophecy wasn't true(fate) - Oedipus was fighting fate but the more he and Jocasta, his mom/wife, kept running away from it, the faster they brought it to themselves. Therefore,
Teiresias explains Oedipus relationship with his children by saying he was a “brother and father” to them. He also said that Oedipus was the “son and husband” of Iocaste. The closeness of these words may imply how tight Oedipus’ connections were, and maybe Teiresias was trying to reveal who Oedipus real parents were. Since oedipus was married to his mother, he was her husband and son at the same time, which also made their children be his sons and brothers. The dramatic irony presented in this case is that Oedipus does not know that he married his mother and had children with her, but Teiresias knew and the audience
Sophocles’s greek tragedy, Oedipus The King, is a play about Oedipus’s fate, and his effort in changing it. The Greeks believed in a supreme power, the God’s, and fate. No matter how hard anyone may try to avoid their destiny, it will happen in some form or fashion. The downfall of Oedipus is primarily the consequence of King Laius and his own behavior to defy his own destiny.
By the end of the play, everything about Oedipus’s former identity has been destroyed: he is the culprit of incest and patricide, the fool of self-knowledge, and the exiled King of Thebes. The emptiness of personal identity is an unavoidable part of the human condition that all human beings must
In the play, an oracle tells Oedipus that he is destined to murder his father and marry his mother. Oedipus states, “Apollo told me once, it’s my fate, I must make love with own mother, shed my own father’s blood with my own hands” (Sophocles 41). At this moment of the play Oedipus is talking about his life before he came to Thebes. This is the part when everything starts to unravel, and it becomes clear that fate is unavoidable. After going to the oracle, he runs away from Corinth, and heads to Thebes to start a new life.
After Oedipus realizes that he fulfilled his fate of killing his father and marrying his mother, Oedipus declares,”I have been saved for something great and terrible, something strange. Well let destiny come and take me on its way”(323). Then Oedipus gouges out his own eyes so that he cannot look upon his parents in the underworld, his children, or the city he once ruled. He then asks Creon to return him to the place he should have died as a young child, the mountain. The statement reveals that Oedipus fulfilled his fate and that Oedipus truly believes destiny set him on the path of destruction.
Oedipus was a tragic hero he was seen as a great man and was king,but he fell to misfortune because of his disability to see past his pride and anger which led to his demise. By not being able to see past his pride and anger Oedipus was not able to to avoid his prophetic destiny. He was blinded by his pride and anger so much that it became his tragic flaw ultimately leading him to his
First of all, I what to talk about the characters of Oedipus the King. First of all is the main man himself Oedipus the king of Thebes. (Sophocles pg.1070) He goes on the quest to find the man who killed the old king, and stop the plague on his city of Thebes. But on the journey he finds out about from his wife the prophecy of the old king to be murdered on the crossroads by his son.
Oedipus is the King of thebes and married to Jocasta. He became the King of Thebes after King Laius came to a sudden end when he was murdered. He was determined king who thinks very highly of himself. He is a good physician, calculator and ruler. Every decision he made was in the best interest of the city.
With this tragedy it shows the dramatic irony this can happen when the tragic hero will try to change his fate, however the audience knows the tragic outcome of what will happen. When Oedipus’ true parents find out the fate of their son of killing the father and marrying the mother, they send him away to the side of a mountain and pin his heels together so he would die. Therefore, their son would not be able to marry the mother and kill the father. People cannot change their fate, it has to happen and the audience knows that. Therefore, there was extreme dramatic irony when that happened and the audience knows that their son will end up marrying the mother and killing the father even though they tried to get rid of their son.
Through such characterization, Sophocles heightens the emotions in the play by demonstrating how these traits contribute to the catastrophic conclusion. Sophocles deliberately depicts Oedipus as a seemingly infallible yet prideful ruler in order to augment the subsequent devastation Oedipus causes, thus realizing the vision of an Aristotelian tragedy. Aristotle identifies nobleness in character as a characteristic of a tragic hero. Oedipus personifies this criterion; he is revered as one of the most adept rulers in all of Greece. Indeed, he constantly reminds himself that “I am a king . . .