So in 1865, ex-Confederates formed the first Ku Klux Klan which targeted black supporters of Brownlow’s. Freedmen would suffer at the hands of the Klan by having their stuff burned and people beat. In 1873 the Supreme Court undercut the power of the Fourteen Amendment arguing that the amendment only offer few federal protections to citizens.
The Klu Klux Klan, otherwise known as the KKK, was “a Reconstruction-era paramilitary group that had faded from American life until 1915 when Colonel William Simmons re-founded the organization.” (Zeitz) While the KKK was not necessarily the main source of discrimination against minority groups such as African Americans, Jews, Catholics, and Asians in the years leading up to the Roaring Twenties, which is a common nickname for the decade of the 1920’s, racial discrimination did not fade from American society. The new Klu Klux Klan emerged because of the film Birth of a New Nation which was released by the filmmaker D. W. Griffith, an influential director, writer, and producer, of his time. The film showed the history of the original Klan during the Reconstruction Era, and Woodrow Wilson supported the film. Wilson was the 28th President of the United States and served from 1913 to 1921.
The Ku Klux Klan was the first ever terrorist organization to be formed in the United States which happened in 1865. When recognized of their motives the US quickly shut them down, but soon in the 1920’s they came back very prepared to terrorize people. Their main targets were African Americans and anyone that was gay
The KKK was able to systematically manipulate people, and because of their methods Klansmen were able to easily instil fear into much of the Southern population. KKK members didn 't always have a choice of whether or not they joined the KKK, and many joined out of fear of being targeted themselves by Klansmen. “Some South Carolina Klansmen would later claim that they were forced to join or joined out of fear. ‘My neighbors told me I had to go in it, or be whipped in it,’ said William Jolly, who was seventeen when he joined. ‘They told me I had better join for fear of being killed,’ said Christenberry Tait, a seventeen-year-old Klansman who participated in four raids.” (page 56) This quote shows how not all Klansmen had a choice with joining,
White supremascists Shawn Berry Lawrence Russell Brewer and John King started a major racial controversy by murdering James Byrd Jr. It came as a shock to people when, for the first time in history, the press bothered to notice the lynching of a black man in Texas, society was astonished that they cared with such passion and vigor. Many American citizens found this appalling considering the country’s indifference to racial violence. Had it not been for the lynching of James Byrd Jr., the Hate Crimes Prevention Act would not exist, therefore countless acts of brutality would take place because there would not be any rules or resistance impeding them from committing the crime.
Not long since the 20th century, there were violent manifestations of hostility toward African-Americans in the North and South. Between 1900 to 1908, anti-black riots broke out in cities such as New York, and in scattered locations in the South. One of the most important civil rights organizations, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was formed partly in response to the high rates of lynching and the 1908 race riot in Springfield, Illinois which was the resting place of President Abraham Lincoln. As a matter of fact, African-Americans were actually lynched within half a mile of President Lincoln’s home. Their cup was filled, and they hardly had the voice to cry out against this outrage.
Without racial superiority in social status with politic and economy, tones of whites were willing to return to past life. Hence, when Ku Klux Klan (1872), an organization terrorized African Americans and supported desegregation appears, many whites agree even participate. Not only the poor whites and mobs, even high social status whites, like polices, lawyers and firemen join in “KKK”. In conclusion, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments conform to the liberty and equal spirit in the U.S. Constitution, which according to empower backs liberty with civil right and voting right. Even thought the Amendments’ limitation cannot avoid, they have landmark influence to the U.S. civil right and political rights.
The creation of the white racial hierarchy had to occur in order to categorize the United States, preventing disorder . However, because of the terrible creation of “acceptable terrorism” in America, the inequitable racial structure created by the rich white male, and the unjust atmospheres where black citizens experienced social injustices because of the melanin in their skin, it is apparent that white supremacy groups, like the Ku Klux Klan, in the United States had a negative impact on the communities of color, especially Africans & African-Americans, within the American society. In America, white supremacy was terrible, with its humanitarian threats toward the public. When placed under different conditions and white bias, the creation of acceptable
Module 9 Discussion Assignment Yes LeeAnna Keith believes the failure of Reconstruction was due to racism. Angry whites, seething over blacks finally gaining similar rights and some political power, worked to undermine the efforts of Reconstruction. Keith describes the assault of the Grant Parish courthouse in Colfax, Louisiana in 1873. According to Keith, the event that took place at the courthouse was a microcosm of the general intolerance and unacceptance of post-slavery black progress by racist whites (403).
The Klu Klux Klan was created in order to scare, as well as, harm any African American southerners who imposed on white society. African Americans were not able to enjoy their civil rights without fear of being lynched or raped. Furthermore, any violence in the white community was blamed on African American men, which was a systematic way of sending them to jail or being killed. These groups, consisting of: influential white judges, police officers, business people, etc., incited uproar about African American males that would cause grounds for a moral
Throughout history, the Ku Klux Klan has been known as a racist hate group used to intimidate and offend the African American community. Although this is true pertaining to their initial existence, the Klu Klux Klan was against much more than just African-Americans. During their reprise in the 1910s through 1920s they reinitialized their mission therefore turning their organization into more than just intimidation towards the African American community but they were also now against Jews, Catholics, and Immigrants, as well as African Americans. Thus leading to violent acts in these communities which lead said communities to living in fear. While most believe that government officials and police officers would be a large help to these communities it was later revealed that many legislators, police officers, and other government officials were secret klansmen.
Many white supremacist began to look for religious perspectives for their “hatred” for Jews and people of color. Throughout the United States in the 1890s, white supremacy became legalized and given the name “Jim Crow Segregation.” (274) In the Southern states, blacks were forced to be segregated from whites till the civil rights movement in the 1950s through the 1960s. (274) In the mid-1800s, a white supremacist organization, Ku Klux Klan, better known as the KKK, was formed in Pulaski, Tennessee by some Confederate Civil War veterans.
Jim Crow laws were the many state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the United States between the late 1870s and 1964. These segregation laws were enacted primarily by Democrats, many of whom were supporters of White supremacism both before and after the American Civil War. Jim Crow laws were more than just laws — they negatively shaped the lives of many African-Americans. After the Civil War and the outlaw of slavery, the Republican government tried to rebuild relations with African-Americans during the Reconstruction Era. They did so by passing laws that helped protect those who used to be slaves, also known as “freedmen”, as well as to those who were already free before the war in the South.
Then there was the Ku Klux Klan. The Ku Klux Klan often terrorized African Americans and other individuals because of their
The Ku Klux Klan, the most prominent group of white supremacists in the United States with over four million members, began losing a vast majority of their followers throughout the late 1920’s and early 1930’s. The Ku Klux Klan’s losses of influence contributed to the tolerance of African Americans and other minorities in U.S. society. The Ku Klux Klan, most prevalent in the south, with “Klan membership exceed[ing] 4 million people nationwide [in the 1920’s].” (Ku Klux Klan 86-87) was responsible for the lynching of at least 4,733 people according to Tuskegee University.