Is The Iceberg Theory In Ernest Hemingway's Hills Are Like White Elephants

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Men are from Mars; women are from Venus; this statement best describes Ernest Hemingway’s “Hills are Like White Elephants.” Although not directly implied, the short story gives insight as to how a man and a woman, who are going through a crisis together, have a very different outlook on how to communicate, remedy the situation and discuss what they want and need from one another. “While giving the words, metaphors, writers execute ‘concept plan learning’ to shape significant words games called the iceberg theory. The iceberg theory shares another name called the theory of omission”, in which noticeable meanings of words are missing and hidden (Wu and Hong 210). The goal of this paper is to examine Hemingway’s theory of omission writing style to demonstrate how using symbolisms, motifs, and metaphors, the…show more content…
The origin of the phrase “ White Elephant” is commonly traced to a practice in what is now Thailand. If a king were displeased with someone, he would bestow upon them, a gift of a white elephant. The white elephant regarded as holy, and therefore receiving such a gift was an honor. However, maintaining the elephant was expensive and was sure to ruin the recipient, or at least become a burden (Bullen 750). The couple has an indirect debate about the white elephant in the room; to the girl, the baby is a gift. However, the American man rejects the idea of family and selfishly attempts to convince her an abortion is a better solution. Weeks Jr. 77, analysis of the white elephant symbolism supports this theory. Hemingway sets “Hills Like White Elephants” at a train station; this motif symbolizes the state of the relationship between the American man and the girl is at a crossroads. Travelers, including the main characters, must, therefore, decide where to go and, in this case, whether to go with each other and continue their relationship or venture in opposite
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