Identity Development Everyone experiences trauma at some point in their lives. Whether it be small, like skinning one’s knee, or large, like witnessing the death of a loved one, trauma can drastically affect how an individual grows and finds their own identity. In the long run, trauma can either be beneficial towards establishing one’s identity or detrimental. Traumatic events play a large part in the overall outcome and development of positive and negative self concept and identity progression. For example, traumatic events can have negative impacts on identity development and self concept formation. In Persepolis, Marji undergoes major trauma in many differing times in her life. She encounters many situations with death, gore, and restrictions …show more content…
Likewise, in the book Ceremony, Tayo encounters varying effects of his traumatic times in the war that affect his identity progression negatively. For example, “He could feel it inside his skull—the tension of little threads being pulled and how it was with tangled things, things tied together, and as he tried to pull them apart and rewind them into their places, they snagged and tangled even more.” (Silko 7). The metaphor of tangled threads is symbolic to Tayo’s battle with overwhelming PTSD. After Tayo endured many traumatic and terrifying situations in the war and survived the Bataan Death March, he suffers through PTSD that affects how he grows as an individual. He could not even be around when someone crushed a watermelon because it gave him flashbacks of his cousin’s head being stomped in. This drastically affects how he responds in social situations and stunts his personal growth in later circumstances. Similarly, Tayo attempts to complete the ceremony but has momentary lapses of depression following his traumatic experiences. For instance, “A strange paralysis accompanied his thoughts; a sudden overwhelming fatigue took hold, and his heart pounded
As he stares at the body he sees “His jaw was in his throat... ”and his “eye was a star-shaped hole…” which gives the reader a gruesome image bringing them to see what he sees. Tim’s sensitivity is revealed when he shows how captivated he is as he stares at the dead Viet Cong body. Tim allows the readers to see that he has remorse about how he took action to stop the Viet Cong soldier. In order to mask the remorse and guilt Tim O’Brien feels describes the features the man already had possess.
One’s environment plays a positive or negative role in shaping a person’s identity depending on where they live. Growing up in a bad neighborhood, one might be surrounded by gangsters, dangerous streets, and have a higher chance of becoming a burden on society. Growing up in a rich neighborhood, one might worry less and get whatever they want; so life is not a burden. But being exposed in a poor environment shapes one’s identity positively by motivating a person to grow and evolve for the better. Experiencing sufferings in an environment may inspire a person to change for the better.
Tayo began to melt down in a panic because he couldn't pull the trigger and kill his enemies. Tayo thought that a Japanese was his Uncle Josiah. Though Tayo wasn't in the right mind at the moment but it seemed so clear to him that Josiah was a dead man lying before him. In the novel “Ceremony” it stated, “So Tayo stood there, stiff with nausea, while they fired at the soldiers, and he watched his uncle fall, and knew it was Josiah… Rocky made him look at the corpse and said, ‘Tayo, this is a Jap’ This is a Jap uniform!’
This is evidence that describes how living in a bad environment is what can make a person have a negative identity or to act a certain way. Furthermore, your personal identity is very important and at times may not be up to you to create, but your life and your success heavily relies on it. Whether or not you will have a good job and life ahead can depend on your identity because your perspective and views are what guide you to do things. An example of identity leading to success in a person’s life is Bill Gates who is the richest man in the world. Bill Gates did not grow up in a bad environment, he didn’t do drugs and illegal things and was instead very determined.
Tayo comes home from war and is immediately institutionalized for his battle fatigue, he is treated by white man’s doctors because he is a soldier. Nothing helped Tayo recover from his experiences in the war, seeing Rocky die and living through the Bataan death march. His grandmother insists he is to be seen by the medicine man even though he is not full-blood Laguna Pueblo, Auntie retorts with, “You know what the Army doctor said: ‘No Indian medicine.’ Old Ku’oosh will bring his bag of weeds and dust. The doctor won’t like it,’”
Post-traumatic growth can be defined as when an individual experiences positive psychological change as a result of coping with a traumatic event. Post-traumatic growth has to do with the modifications that cut to the roots of our way of being in the world, not just merely coping with the trauma (Joseph, 2011). It refers to how adversities often help people discover their ability to springboard to further personal growth, individual development and a deeper understanding of who they are (Joseph, 2011). There are three main areas of growth that has been identified after a person experiences a traumatic event: change in viewpoint of life, change in awareness of self and change in their connections with others. Personality and personal characteristics (e.g. self- confidence, optimism, locus of control) plays an important role in the development of post traumatic growth (Joseph, 2011).
The environment in which an individual grows up in can affect life greatly. Our surroundings influence one’s personality, self-expression, and individuality, otherwise known as identity. Finding one’s true self is the most grueling stage of life and expectations of family and society make the process even harder. One’s true identity can sometimes clash with hopes of others, thus breaking tradition and/or family ties. Pressure to change will always be present, but staying true to uniqueness will prevail.
In Ceremony by Leslie Marmon Silko, transformation is portrayed as a way to heal Tayo’s inner demons. Within the novel, Tayo faces the horrific symptoms of PTSD, while trying to simultaneously assimilate to both Native American and white culture and therefore accept his true self. Similarly, throughout his journey and transformation Tayo learns that individuals and society as a whole must adapt and include different life perspectives in order to thrive together. In Ceremony, Tayo begins the novel as a confused young man suffering from PTSD, unable to reconcile his white upbringings and with his traditional Native culture, however with Ceremony displays how Tayo’s emotional development brings him closer to his native culture through traditional
The emotional ,social and physical development of young children has an effect on their overall development and on the adult they will become. Sigmund Freud indicated how disruptions in stages of development may relate to current problems in adult hood for example :Trauma at an early stage in life may effectively prevent natural development through that stage this may then have a knock on effect in future stages causing development or learning problems for an adult . It is a positive thing for a client to recognise that certain childhood experiences may have prevented or halted their natural development ,since it provides a rational blame free explanation .If trauma does occur in childhood and problems arise because of that trauma then this
In Persepolis, a bildungsroman genre graphic novel by Marjane Satrapi, the main character experienced many events that made her become fully grown up in Iran, yet the turning point was her life in Vienna. A bildungsroman is a novel that describes the process in which the character grows from child to adult, which he or she has a reason to start a journey while the coming of age is difficult, suffering, uncomfortable, and long. There are many particular events where Marjane has many difficulties on the process of maturity. When Marjane is still a child in Iran, terrible historical events happened around her and formed her to become more mature. Although they made her become a mature child, the real part of her life that changed her were her days in Vienna where she really understood the cruelty of the outside world and herself.
Young children usually don’t comprehend the flawed world they live in for various reasons. For instance, parents tend to shelter their children from traumatic events; however, at some point children are forced to grow up and become involved in real world problems. In her novel, Persepolis, Marjane Satrapi experiences a numerous amount of events that shape and develop her perspective throughout the novel. Her perspective influences her presentation of loss of innocence, social classes, and gender roles. These things all alter the way she acts towards her family, friends, and God.
But he didn’t forget his traumas. Also his mother abandoned him when he was four years old. While his friends talking about their uniforms how suit them at war, he feels only anger. He thinks to go back to the VA. Hospital but grandma calls medicine man and he said to Tayo that he will make a new ceremony for warriors who dead during war.