The ‘Apology’ is a form of dialectic philosophy. It illustrates the charges brought upon Socrates and the self-defense he demonstrates during the trial. Socrates is accused of ‘corruption of the youth’ and ‘impiety’. Socrates is found guilty of having faith in the wrong Gods and Meletus accuses him of not acknowledging the sun and moon as gods but as masses of stone. Socrates is accused of studying things in heaven and below the earth.
Even though majority of The Apology is literally a speech narrated by Socrates, we can guess that Plato was intrigued by the story enough to twist it in a way that would highlight Socrates, and the picture was thoroughly diverse from that of Aristophanes. Between the two works there is without A doubt great controversy and moments attempting to prove the character and moral integrity of Socrates. In The Clouds Socrates is identified as the most hated type of sophist; he
“How you have felt, O men of Athens, at hearing the speeches of my accusers, I cannot tell; but I know that their persuasive words almost made me forget who I was – such was effect of them; and yet they have hardly spoken a word of truth” (Plato, 399 BC). The Apology recorded by Plato has implicated what Socrates had communicated during his defense to the judges and his accusers. Socrates was ridiculed and charges brought forth to him for corrupting the youth and for his rejection of the city’s deities. In Socrates speech to his accusers and to the judges, he preserves his beliefs in all that he is and that he does and is willing to accept the penalty that is placed upon him, which is death. However; in his speech he does make it clear that he will sacrifice his life on earth for the integrity of truth being spoken.
In Plato’s The Trial and Death of Socrates, written in approximately 399 B.C.E., his beloved teacher and mentor, Socrates, fights for his innocence against alleged charges, all of which pertaining to atheism, in the Court of King Archon. Whilst defending himself, Socrates claims to possess “human wisdom,” (Apology, 31), and those prosecuting him to maintain “super-human wisdom” (Apology, 31), for they must retain greater knowledge than he. Despite his alleged shred of this wisdom, he only interests himself with the knowledge of the mortal. Through articulating this, Socrates expounds upon the observances in mortal life, and argues that as a human, one should not concern themselves with what lies beyond death, for there is much to explore in
Some people respected Socrates, such as the youth who followed him around in their free will, while others criticized him, such as those who he publicly humiliated. Socrates was sent to trial on behalf of five charges. The charges were; he studies things in the sky and below the Earth, he makes the worse into the stronger argument, he teaches these same things to others, he is corrupting the young, and he does not believe in the
The Apology is the regretful acknowledgment of a failure to follow the norms, but the in the Five dialogue it is a record of the formal speech to the jury of Socrates brought in his personal justification at the trial written by Plato. The Apology is the third part which explains the life of the Socrates, who he is, and what he did to find the wisest person in the Athens. The first part of the five dialogue is the main speech by the counter-assessment, and finally, last words to the jury, both to those who voted for the death sentence. Socrates is the wise philosopher who was brought in the courtroom due to some violation as thought by the people and the Meletus. Meletus was the accuser who had claimed two things on him.
The chapter focuses on and follows the dialogue between the two philosophers as they delve into the true meaning of piety and impiety as a means to figure out how Socrates can defend himself in court. The dialogue between Socrates and Euthyphro starts off on the Porch of the King Archon and it is revealed that they are both involved in court cases. Socrates is being accused of having corrupted the youth and Euthyphro is trying his father for the murder of a serf. Socrates has sought out his dear friend’s help because he yearns to better understand the nature of piety. Despite the many ways that Euthyphro could have chosen to respond, he explains it as “doing as [he is] doing” (18).
In this paper I will examine why Socrates did not attempt to appease the jury in his Apology. Socrates is put on trial for corrupting the youth and believing in gods other than the gods of the city. I believe he chose not to appease the jury for three reasons: he is a man of pride, he does not fear death and additionally finds it shameful to fear death. Socrates is a man of pride. He has passion for his beliefs and values, and would rather die than give them up.
Socrates and Euthyphro ran into each other outside the court of Athens. Socrates is there because he is charged for impiety by Meletus, while Euthyphro is there because he is prosecuting his own father for an unintentional murder of a household slave. After listening to the reason of Euthyphro’s presence at court, Socrates is flattered by him, as he thinks surely a person bringing charges against his own father must have great knowledge on piety and impiety. He thinks no one will do such a thing unless they are absolutely sure it is the right thing to do so he asks Euthyphro to teach him what holiness is and what piety and impiety is, so that it might help him in his trial against Meletus. In reply at first Euthyphro says that piety is what he is doing, prosecuting the person who offended religion by murdering, even though he is his own father.
For example, politicians often think that they can handle all of the political debates with no problem at all, however they are ignorant and do not realize that they too have flaws that could affect their argument. Once poets receive positive feedback they believe that they are invincible and do not have any flaws because they are the best at what they do, which often is not true. Moreover, Sophists could also be unaware of their own flaws and they could just be teaching what they know which is not everything. Therefore, making them not wise. All in all, in order for one to be considered wise according to Socrates’ definition of wisdom, one must be aware of his or her own
Socrates’s official new charge “asserts that Socrates does injustice by corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel” (24b, p. 73). By looking deeper into the dialogue of The Apology and Euthyphro, one can see how passionately Socrates strives to express to the Athenian people his innocence in teaching the youth and worshiping of the gods. Socrates maintains his innocence in teaching the youth for three reasons. Primarily, there is no proof or evidence from past examples in which Socrates has taught the youth because no one has come out and said so. Socrates brings up a valid point that his so-called ‘teachings’ haven’t changed over time and therefore if he is accused
Alcibiades is manipulating his “evidence” into seeming more substantial than it truly is by telling the audience that these “others… have incited the mob to worse things” (127). However, he is actually using persuasive rhetoric to shift the blame off of himself and onto a made up third party. This tactic is effective on the Spartans because Alcibiades creates a scapegoat that both lessens the impact of Alcibiades’ betrayal and makes him seem like a better leader than he was. Essentially Alcibiades is taking his illogical argument and reforming it as something that is not only perceived as logical, but also as a reason that his betrayal was necessary. Similarly Pericles praises the Athenians as being “[people] who think through what they will take in hand, and discuss it thoroughly” (42.40).
Socrates an ancient Greek philosopher who arguable set philosophical president for all modern western theories, even though he lived in ___________. Today in the 21st century his trial is still studied and widely debated. Some believe the trial to be just and the Athenians were correct in his prosecution, but a large populations argue that the trial was unjust and the Athenians used Socrates as a scapegoat for the issues that the Athena democracy was facing during that time. Three men brought forth the charges laid against Socrates. Metetus, a wildly religious man, Anytus, a wealthy business owner and Lycon who was largely unknown and likely only there to fill the Athenian political requirements, there brought fourth two charges, impiety and
During his trial, Socrates is being charged with corrupting the youth of Athens and not believing in the Gods. The rebuttal Socrates uses for being accused with corrupting the youth of Athens is "... either I do not corrupt them, or I corrupt them unintentionally, so that on either view of the case you lie. If my offence is unintentional, the law has no cognizance of unintentional offences: you ought to have taken me privately, and warned and admonished me; for if I had been better advised, I should have left off doing what I only did unintentionally - no doubt I should; whereas you hated to converse with me or teach me, but you indicted me in this court, which is a place not of instruction, but of punishment." Meaning that he hasn 't been corrupting the youth but if he was then he 's not the only one doing so. That there are so many more influencers out in the world then him and that he 's not responsible for corrupting ALL of the youth of Athens.
Plato’s: “Obedience to the State” is a passage that takes place after Socrates has been condemned to death by the jury of Athens. Crito, a student of Socrates appears outside of his cell and makes one last attempt to persuade Socrates to flee Athens and save his life. Crito makes many valid points in trying to convince Socrates to escape, but Socrates feels he should accept the decisions that has been made regardless of the lethal ramifications. The following paragraphs will analyze Crito’s arguments and Socrates response, as well as express how Socrates position is the stronger due to his knowledge of justice. While trying to appeal to Socrates emotions, Crito begins his argument by stating how the public would accuse him of not helping