Multiplicity of goal paths number of solution and IV. Specificity of solution number of correct number. • Position power refers to authority inherent in a position, the power to use reward and punishment and the organization support of one decision. In contingency theory of leadership; people become leaders not only because of their personality attributes but also because of various situational factors and the interactions between leaders and the group members. 2:1.
For Verizon to continue to be successful there is the need to obtain valuable resources on a competitive level. This is a prime reason why Verizon is so competitive through resources and decision making by teams and groups within the telecommunication firm. According to politics and factors, whenever industry come together in teams or groups, power will be exerted. In most large firms and organizations, there is no shortage of definitions of organizational politics and is considered to be significant to the influence of power. Organizational politics aims at the use of power to affect the decisions being made in an organization (Judge & Robbins 2017).
There are three central themes of critical social theory that were chosen to enhance the understanding of leadership. First, is the stocks of knowledge
Transformation forms a very important part of an effective leadership style. Previous studies have given affirmative evidence about transformational leadership behaviors. Transformational leadership is essential and valuable in times of crisis and shifts and when organizations are in search of new organizations. Transformational leadership is an important approach when transformations in organizations and societies are taking place. Moreover, it plays an important role while facing challenges and accomplishing leadership tasks.
Contemporary management involves many aspects of management. These aspects include planning, leading, organising and controlling operations to achieve certain organisational goals. When comparing different management levels it is evident that at all levels emphasise the importance of using resources effective and responsibly. Managers should be able to build their own as well as their subordinates’ skills, regarding decision making, monitoring information and supervising personnel are which are essential to success. Managers have great responsibilities, these responsibilities include managing a diverse work force, maintaining a competitive edge, behaving ethically and using emerging technologies.
LEADERSHIP Leadership is a function of input an individual can make into the community’s capacity for concerted action, into the total power of the community in relation to the problems and opportunities it encounters (Breton, 1991). (Jedwab, 2001) The notion of leadership is very often linked to the issue of power and influence. (Jedwab, 2001) Ethical leadership Aristotle’s philosophy of leadership argues that "Leadership is more than a skill, more than the knowledge of theories, and more than analytical faculties. It is the ability to act purposively and ethically as the situation requires on the basis of the knowledge of universals, experience, perception, and intuition. It is about understanding the world in a richer and broader sense, neither with cold objectivity nor solipsistic subjectivity."
Literally, transaction means “exchange” therefore transactional leadership is described as instrumental exchange between leader and subordinate. In this type of transaction, whether an employee deserves a reward or discipline, it depends upon its performance.
The definition is explicit on the aspects of influencing the foundations of leadership. This further differentiates with the influencing nature along with the purpose of leadership separating this concept from the management. The concept of leadership further acknowledges the nature of the relationship between leader and followers in such a way that they do not exist without one another. In other words, the leadership is important with the influencing aspects of followers (Ayub, et al.,
In fact, there are power relations. They are multiple; they have different forms, they can be in play in family relations, or within an institution, or an administration” (Foucault, Critical Theory, 38).These multifarious networks of power dominate, influence, and give shape to the ‘lives of others’ in Neel Mukherjee’s
Workplace environment is said to be one of the biggest contributing factors to a successful organization. This begins with the leaders in place and their ability to create such an environment. It also proves to be one of the most arduous tasks due to a myriad of factors such as employee personalities, organizational culture and a leader’s ability to motivate a group of people. The sheer number of theories regarding leadership is overwhelming and schools of thought have changed with time. This reflection will identify the leadership theories and motivational theory I subscribe to and give tangible examples of them in my leadership.