Pinker argues that men have both a superior inbuilt aptitude for STEM and a greater affinity for STEM-favoring motivations, whereas Spelke maintains that the operative force in keeping women out of STEM is societal discrimination. It is also worth noting that neither scholar claims absolute accuracy over this debate. More precisely, Pinker concedes that social discrimination may be a factor at play in the STEM disparity, and Spelke recognizes that genetic differences exist between the sexes. To comprehensively and straightforwardly address all salient points in this debate, I will consider the intrinsic aptitude and motivational differences debates
Defining Racism To properly lay out the issue of racism in the play it is desirable to know how the term itself is defined. The Oxford English Dictionary explains Racism as follows: A belief that one’s own racial or ethnic group is superior, or that other such groups represent a threat to one 's cultural identity, racial integrity, or economic well-being; (also) a belief that the members of different racial or ethnic groups possess specific characteristics, abilities, or qualities, which can be compared and evaluated. Hence: prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against people of other racial or ethnic groups. This definition raises another issue, namely that we need to know what an ethnic group is. The German sociologist Matthias Rompel characterizes an ethnic group by means of the belief in a collective, background, collective history and collective customs, all leading to the development of a group identitiy (cf.
Or as it were, racial barriers should be acknowledged and both sides study to merge and unify. The past should not be forgotten, but instead utilized to learn how to unite in acceptance. DuBois insisted this happen in order to counteract the influence of stereotypes on race where minorities are mired by their color (McKenna & Pratt, 2015). The color line is but one concept that America needs to have erased but is an important one. In order for blacks (as
The historical origins of racism are often debated today. There are two main bases upon which its origins are debated. While some debate that racism has a biological basis, others argue that it has a social basis. In other words, there is an argument of whether it is a trait that is characterized from our genes or is it something that is socially learned. Firstly, I must say the idea of racism having a biological basis is absolutely ludicrous as throughout history, there has been little evidence supporting this claim.
Communication is one of the aspects that show whether you are labeled as racist. This can be proved by talking or interacting or just having a two way communication with a person who is not the same race in a conversation without having to dehumanize or dismiss their existence or validation. Racism can occur though communication which is definitely not a lie. This may be due to limitation and language barrier which causes certain races to act superior against other races since the language of the superior is broadly used internationally. Moreover, most big companies tend to place their employee to certain department based on their language instead of their skills to make it “easier”.
Structuralism and Semiotics Structuralism & semiotics, the general study of signs which developed from the structuralist program, have a complex theory of the way signs work but, in essence, we may say that the categories of meaning (words) are comprised in a system of binary oppositions: white & black, body & mind, the sacred & the profane, individual & collectivity. We are engaged, then, in the study of signs & sign systems. Structuralism analyzes society & elements of society via binary oppositions that it sees as essential to the way the brain works. Post structuralism, on the other hand, sees this binary dualism as an aspect of Western thought & not universal. For postmodernism, meaning & the categories of thought are shifting & unstable.
This essay is an effort to discuss why matters or race and racism are more than just the attitudes and behaviours of individuals. I will be discussing what racism is and the different forms of racism and I will explain how racism is socially constructed, furthermore, I will give a brief discussion on the history of racism and also discuss some of the key concepts and perspectives to offer a sociological analysis of the complexities of politics of difference and identity, furthermore, I will show how this applies to schools in the South African context. Race is one of the traits that accompanies a person’s social identity, it contributes to the definition and formation of a person’s social identity. Race can be defined as a person’s physical characteristics such as skin, hair or eye colour, it is one of the factors used to differentiate and categorise people where people can be categorised as black,
A Time Travellers Review I am critiquing an article on ‘intelligence and race’ by Paul Popenoe. I will be using contemporary psychological knowledge including new style and critical histories. Some topics I will cover are subjectivity, how Marxist psychology may critique the article and the importance of language in Psychological writing. Critical approaches to Psychology often see prejudice and discrimination as socially constructed (Tuffin, 2005) and say prejudice is best viewed in text and speech in terms of what is and what is not said. Psychology is a normative discipline as it reflects norms and values of the time and reproduces power in society.
Introduction With the the recent incidents of police brutality, immigration, and ISIS, the world has been fixated on the topic of racism. Although there has been many reforms and debates done about racial issues including the civil rights act, the 13th amendment, and the end of apartheid, there still exists discrimination that is underlooked. There is underrated “ism” that is often not discussed in current events: Colorism. Simply defined, Colorism is a process where individuals, usually from the same race, are privileged on the basis of the color of their skin (Hunter 237). The term was first established in Alice Walker’s 1982 essay within In Search of Our Mothers’ Gardens: Womanist Prose (Corbin 2).
There are many concepts that underpin discrimination and many theories to draw from this paper will detail and explore the definitions, concepts, and theories such as Stereotyping, Social Identity Theory, and Conflict Theory which are all to the fore in prejudice and discrimination. It will seek to examine current research and suggest strategies based on best practice and evidence to combat discrimination and prejudice within organisations to allow for a healthy productive workforce. Prejudice is an unjustified or incorrect negative attitude in the direction of an individual based exclusively on the individual’s affiliation with a social group, a prejudiced person might not act on their attitude. Therefore, someone can be biased to a definite