No thought of the future. Just run blind the first chance he saw” (Lee 322). The fact that Scout writes, that Tom was just a typical negro man, show that Tom symbolizes a mockingbird because just from being that minority color, in his time, people thought of him differently, not as an individual but a group. Finally when Tom was blamed for raping Mayella, even thought everyone knew the truth, and when he did something to help her out out of the goodness of his heart, but because he was of different status and race backfires, Toms status as a symbolic mockingbird becomes
“mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy” (Lee 93). One of the examples of good vs evil in this story is Tom Robinson’s court case with Mayella Ewell. Tom Robinson is a black man named who is accused for a crime of raping and beating Mayella Ewell even though he just helped her with household chores. In the book Tom was seen as a bad figure for most of the book even though he was just a caring, harmless person. You can say many mockingbirds die in today’s reality, but it is the innocent that suffer the most often.
They saw them as mistakes and was not afraid to fight to show that blacks were less in their minds. Although, Atticus did disagree he was shamed by others because he was supportive of a black man getting the same rights as a white man. Even Atticus’s family is getting grief from the case, “Grandma says it’s bad enough he lets you all run wild, but now he’s turned out a nigger- lover we’ll never be able to walk the streets of Maycomb again” (Lee, 110). It shows how many people stubborn enough to ignore the idea of Atticus supporting a black man that was highly most likely
Although they are white, their poverty and bad reputation made their social status just a step above the black people. Bob Ewell is alcoholic and abusive, but he still wants to improve his family’s situation as a father. However, the fact that "he was the only man ever heard of who was fired from the WPA for laziness" (Lee 78) proves that he isn 't willing to earn it. But in accusing Tom Robinson, he finds what he believes is a brass ring. From his perspective, the town should think him as a hero for saving Maycomb 's white women from a ‘dangerous’ black man.
This is evident from the fact that Robert's family did not take any action, and rather acted embarrassed, with Robert looking down and Robert's family still being respectful. However, in Champion of the World, there is clearly tension between the black community and white community as slavery had recently been abolished. Furthermore, paragraph 16 displays that felonies have continued to be committed on the black populous by white people. To add on, paragraph 17 mentions black people are considered to be only a bit higher than apes, which shows a negative relationship between the races. Finally, the messages of both texts are clearly contrasting.
Atticus Finch from To Kill a Mockingbird famously said in his closing arguments: "You know the truth, and the truth is this: some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some negro men are not to be trusted around women- black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and no particular race of men." (pg 232) What Atticus is trying to convey is a foreign concept to most people in Maycomb county. Atticus is trying to convey a point of equality and no prejudice in a world of social inequality which, as one can imagine, didn 't go over so well. To kill a mockingbird tells a story of a county whose morals are masked by the great depression, a county whose judgment is masked by racism and social stigma.
12 Angry Men and To Kill a Mockingbird depict trials that expose the flaws of the American judiciary system in the fact that juries are not always consisted of the defendant 's peers, judges and juries both have racist views, and juries are influenced by moral cowardice. Trials held in America at the time of these two productions were never fair to African Americans because of the makeup, views, and general nature of juries. Juries never could fully understand the views and motives of the defendant because they were not consisted of the defendant’s peers. In To Kill A Mockingbird, Tom Robinson was convicted by a jury made up of middle-aged, white men, so they were unable to understand and view the case from Tom’s point of view. When talking to Scout, Atticus says that most people in Maycomb believe that white people are superior to black people, and that is how it is in court as well.
In the aftermath of Tom’s attempted escape from prison, which eventually led to his death, “Maycomb was interested by the news of Tom’s death for perhaps two days,” (240) as it was “typical of a nigger’s mentality to have no plan, no thought for the future, just run the blind first chance he saw” (240). The author’s application of this description distinctly portrayed how Maycomb’s warped perspective of Tom’s death was achieved through the racism that inspired many to believe all African Americans were stereotypical criminals and in Tom’s case it was no different. Critically, Maycomb’s prejudice shines through in this description of its lack of sympathy towards an innocent African American’s death and highlights ignorance as an alarming after effect of racism. Before the court had begun to issue its final verdict, ““Atticus had used every tool available in court to free men to save Tom Robinson, but in the secret courts of men’s hearts Atticus had no case” (241) as “in our courts, when it’s a white man’s words against a black man’s, the white man always wins,” (220). The author’s description of the court’s ruling was definite and expected because as Atticus explained, society is biased, therefore the court of all white men were always partisan towards voting in favor of a white man without allowing any arguments against him to sway them.
Trash of Maycomb County, is what the Ewell family was considered primarily because their property looked like trash, and they looked like trash as well. The quote, “He thought he’d be a hero, but all he got for his pain was… okay, we’ll convict this Negro, but get back to your dump (Doc E), shows that even though Mayella was able to lock up an innocent black man convicted, her family was still considered the lowest in class of the town. Mayella is socially secluded to the point that she has never been addressed with respect. She wants to change her situation, nut she is powerless to do so. She is a prisoner of her class and lacks the power to leave her
Now, in this time frame it was general knowledge that blacks were inferior to the white “race” and the rights they enjoyed were little to none, so the fact that Tom was given a life sentence is not surprising. However, that does not make it principled! Commonality cannot be classified as morality, especially when in the debate of a human life. Although Tom stood as the mockingbird in the face of hundreds of flying stones, it was not only him. Tom stood as the mockingbird and was a portrayal of each and every one of the black people.
Their racism has power, and they can get what they want. One drawback of this power is that just because you have power doesn’t mean you have respect. Take Bob Ewell for example. He is a drunk, uneducated, and unemployed.” One description of him in the novel reads, “He was the only man I heard of who was fired from the WPA for laziness” (Lee 332). This shows how little respect Bob gained, despite having the power to win the trial.
Tom was also lucky in the fact that he didn’t get attacked by the mob, but he never got to see his family again after he was imprisoned. The case of the Scottsboro Boys was a very large contribution to the abolishment of Jim Crow laws and Tom’s fictional case was there to show how bad racism was back during the
At the trials, no one seemed to care about the black men’s side of the story even if the judge knew the crime never happened. Anderson stated, “One lawyer was seeing butterflies and one was trying to catch butterflies.” (Anderson). Which means that the black men had very poor lawyers and had an even worse chance than they already have of winning their case. Sadly enough after the trials, eight out of the nine boys were executed while the other
Look at the way everyones looking at me. They hate me. I 'm black, they won 't let me go.” Atticus said with the most softest voice he could have and said “don 't worry i got this.” Atticus was trying his best to show the judge that Tom was innocent with all the evidence he had, but most of the town is very racist. So it 's very hard to convince anyone in the jury to be convinced that Tom did not do it. Everyone questioned everything Atticus had to support Toms innocents.
When the jury pronounce Tom guilty, Jem is exasperated and “his hands were white from gripping the balcony rail, and his shoulder jerked as if each ‘guilty’ was a separate stab between them,” (282). Even though “rape is capital offense in Alabama,” (293) meaning the prosecuted will be sentenced to death, the children could not believe the jury has sentenced a guiltless man to death. According to Atticus, it is a sad truth that an accused African-American has never won a court case and “when it’s a white man’s word against a black man’s, the white man always wins,” (295). Although it is a sad truth, Atticus believes