The appearance of the railroad in the early 19th century created a revolution in the transportation for the development of the economy and the society. This invention, eventually, also brought a lot of outcomes as well as disadvantages for the people living near the routes and the stations. First of all, the railroad system increased the carrying capacity and reduced the shipping cost. Not only people near the stations received this benefit but also the rural area where the railroad system reached. “Railroads provided a quick, scheduled, and year-round mode of transportation.
From 1860-1890 the United States began to dramatically increase in population and land. The increase in population required the need and use of more resources, in order sustain the living conditions at the time, thus requiring more land. Additionally, the resources were necessary, if the United States was to continue to thrive and expand as a nation of power. Some of the resources that were continuously sought after were lands for farming and agriculture, transportation, and housing. The establishment and usage of the railroad system played a critical role in the westward expansion of the United States, it was crucial in providing a means of communication, but more importantly it was the key in transporting the much-needed resources across the United States and the territories in order to expand.
The Dawes Act of 1887 was built to make changes in policies towards American Indians. Those who accepted allotments and lived separately from the tribe would be granted United States citizenship. A family would receive 160 acres and a single person would receive 80 acres, if you were under the age of 18 you would receive 40 acres. Anything else that was left was passed on to white settlers. A few things reformers wanted to achieve are the breaking up of tribes, assisting the advancement of native farmers, securing parts of the reservations as Indian
Analysis of the article written by Steve Forbes “Our (deregulated) railroads are an economic miracle. Let’s learn from them” Steve Forbes recently wrote an article for Fox News about the deregulation of railroads and how it has possibly affected our economy in a positive way. Forbes makes a very good point in the article by explaining that in the early 1980’s, the railroad system was not being used very much for the transport of goods. As a result the government lifted its regulations (and taxes) of railroads, and railroad companies began to see a profit. As Forbes states “The Department of Transportation reported that railroad industry costs and prices were cut in half in the decade following deregulation”.
In 1830, encouraged by President Andrew Jackson, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act which gave the federal government the power to relocate any Native Americans in the east to territory that was west of the Mississippi River. Though the Native Americans were to be recompensed, this was not done fairly, and in some cases led to the further destruction of many of the eastern tribes. By early 1800’s, the white Americans established settlements further west for their own benefit, and later discovered gold. Furthermore, Georgia's attempt to regain this land resulted in the Cherokee protesting and taking this case to the United States Supreme Court.
The time period from when the Second Industrial Revolution was beginning, up until President McKinley’s assassination in 1901, is known as the Gilded Age. After the Civil War, many people headed out West to pursue agriculture, and many immigrants moved to urban areas to acquire jobs in industrial factories. It is in this context that farmers and industrial workers had to respond to industrialization. Two significant ways farmers and industrial workers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age, were creating the Populist Party and the American Federation of Labor (AFL).
In most cases, Americans love a true underdog story. Movies that have a David vs Goliath-like plot, that culminates in a major battle that results in David overcoming all odds and concurring the Goliath-like antagonist. But the reality for most of history is that of tragedy and no heroic ending. This is the case the Lakota of the Pine Ridge Indian Agency fell victim to in the winter of 1890 when approximately 500 soldiers came to stop a ceremony later called the Ghost Dance. The horrifying ending to the once proud nation was a culmination of losing the Black Hills and amount of land allotted for reservation use, the expulsion of the Ghost Dance, and the Massacre at Wounded Knee.
Transportation Revolution The transportation revolution is believed to have begun in 1807 when the government seemed it was going to become active in growing infrastructure. The treasury secretary, at the time, Albert Gallatin was asked to develop “a plan for the application of such means as are within the power of Congress, to the purpose of opening roads and making canals” (W&R). This plan was not to happen and throughout this revolution the government was only responsible for a few projects. Without much government aid, entrepreneurs took matters into their own hands, creating competition.
Even though escaping the South to go the North for freedom was illegal, surprisingly thousands of slaves ran away by using the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad is not a train station but the name fits with how they have used it in that time. Just like a train station, the Underground Railroad had “stations” but they were houses or places that could keep the slaves safe for the time being when they were running away. The people who lived in those houses would take care of them for how ever many hours they stayed and then the slaves would start to take off to the North once again. These runners are very brave because if they get caught, they could have either been sent back or even killed.
Over the span of twenty years, from 1790 to 1810, the northern states really struggled for their freedom. Even the free Africans could not vote or go to court and even had restrictions for their transportation, as well. Many of the owners freed their slaves, but made them agree to being an indentured servant for the same master. Indentured servants had to work for their master for a term of several years, and in return, the servant would have been provided with a place to stay, a way of transportation, and someplace to work. Indentured servants were more common at the time and were like slaves, but they had more rights.