Dear Bartolome de las Casas, I have read your The Devastation of the Indies, and I want you to know that I share the same sentiments with you. I am in deep sorrow because of the cruelty and violence directed to Indians, and such a behavior deserves nothing but condemnation and censure. I have devoted three years to the work of restoring Christianity in Western India, because I believe that people have to know about Christ (Knight, 2012). I support your claim that Natives are constantly cheated and betrayed by their conquerors (La Casas, 1552, p. 31). Further, I am greatly appalled with how families commit suicide together in despair because of the actions of the Spanish.
Throughout his life he had many jobs and positions. Las Casas was a priest, was made Bishop of Chiapas in Guatemala, and was also a writer. (Document one, n.d.) Las Casas was also a Dominican missionary who was the first to expose the oppression of native peoples
During the Sixteenth century Bartolome de las Casas, a Bishop of Chiapas, was in New- Spain looking over the region. While there, he had noticed that innocent Native American men, women and children were murdered in mass quantities. Therefore, he exercised his opinions in a series of documents to show his point of view on what sins the Spaniards are committing on the Indigenous people. Bartolome de las Casas write gruesome seeing’s of plain out murder of Indigenous people in Chiapas. He states, “… the Christians have slain and destroyed so many and such infinite numbers of souls, has been simply to get, as their ultimate end, the Indians’ gold of them” (de las Casas A Short Account of the Destruction) Because of selfish reasons of receiving
Throughout the late 1400’s and the 1500’s, the world experienced many changes due to the discoveries of new lands and peoples that had been never been visited before. The new-found lands of the Americas and exploration of Africa by the Europeans led to new colonies and discoveries in both areas. It also brought different societies and cultures together that had never before communicated, causing conflict in many of these places. While the Europeans treated both the Native Americans and West Africans as inferior people, the early effects they had on the Native Americans were much worse. Beginning in the late 1400’s, many different European explorers started to look for new trade routes in the Eastern Hemisphere in order to gain economic and religious power.
All three of these are part of being a conqueror in some way. When the Europeans would conquer new land they would try to change the religion to Christianity just like when missionaries would go to promote a religion and when they conquered it would help them trade more because of new resources in their new claimed land and closer countries to trade with. In the age of exploration, for the Europeans it was all about claiming as much land as possible for themselves and their countries before other countries discovered these places which is why Europeans are
Paine also states that the colonists should end it all with perseverance and pride so we don't look like cowards. “ by perseverance and fortitude we have the prospect of a glorious issue” (Paine, paragraph 13). If they go out there and fight they will have a chance of winning their freedom rather than just letting the British rule over them. Many colonists would have thought that fighting for their liberty would have been supported by their god so they wouldn't feel guilty for going through with the act. Using pathos influenced the colonists because if you use common beliefs and morals, it tells the public you will be on their side and you know how to win this
Paine in his writing likes to use a lot of charged words throughout his writing. In the document he uses these charged words to help engage with the colonists’ emotions and their minds in order to convince them to become soldiers and go fight. He uses the words like hope, virtue, peaceful, bless and faithful. “The summer soldier and the
In “The Brief Account of The Devastations of the Indies” Bartolome de Las Casa is an account that speaks on the unfair treatment that indian people went through and endured during the early parts of the conquest to the island of Hispaniola. The spaniards were treating the indians cruel and were receiving less of their basic human rights. The author’s opinion was able to shine most throughout this account not only because of the sacrifices he made in order to make a change but how heavily he was against some of the ways of the Spaniards. He felt that the behavior of the Spaniard christians was unfair and unacceptable. He spends time being very detailed about the loss of indies people on the islands.
In The Requerimiento by Juan López de Palacios Rubios, natives in the new world were told, “We ask that … you acknowledge the Christian church as the ruler and superior of the whole world, and as superiors that you agree to let the Christian priests preach to you … (The Priests) shall not compel you to become Christians unless you yourself wish to be converted. But if you do not do this … we shall forcefully enter into your country and make war against you.” The Spanish conquistadors allowed natives to choose whether or not they wanted to convert to Christianity, However if they did not, then the Spanish turned them into slaves. The True History of the Conquest of New Spain by Bernal Diaz del Castillo openly stated that a reason for Spanish exploration was, “To serve God and his majesty, to give light to those who were in darkness.” The Spanish viewed non-Christians as unintelligent people because they believed in a different God. They felt that converting them would make them smarter and more aware of their purpose. The European views on religion were very ethnocentric.
Thomas Paine, a local pamphleteer in the pre-Revolutionary War era, wrote a convincing pamphlet to any colonists who were not already supporting the war for independence from Great Britain. In his argument, Paine uses rhetorical strategy, an emotional aspect, and divine revelation towards the citizens to create a very moving, passionate, and convincing call to arms. The first line, “These are the times that tried men 's souls,” is one of relatability and preparedness for the oncoming difficult times. Paine starts his essay off with a refutation of his argument, stating that although he wants this fight, he knows it will be tough. Paine then challenges the men’s bravery and patriotism to their country by stating the line “The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country.” This statement successfully peaks the men 's interest in the passage, and takes a jab at the readers manliness and willingness to protect his own country in time of need.