After the Civil War ended in 1865, slaves were now free. The thirteenth amendment was created. This amendment would abolish slavery and free all slaves. This led to the Reconstruction Era. This was a period in time when the government tried to help former slaves with their citizenship and their rights. This would continue from 1865 to 1877. The Reconstruction was successful because former slaves were given the opportunity to gain citizenship and an education. The Freedmen's Bureau helped achieve this for former slaves. The Freedmen's Bureau was a government agency that provided basic needs and rights to freed African Americans. The government had several goals to make this work for African Americans and one was to give them the opportunity to gain citizenship. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 declared African Americans citizens of the United States. This was the first U.S. federal law to be made that protected citizens rights. This would later lead to the fourteenth amendment being made. This guaranteed them their rights and protection. States were prohibited from violating the rights of their citizens. The fifteenth amendment also helped them. …show more content…
They were now given a chance to get an education. Freedmen's Bureau was in charge of helping African Americans get settled into their new free life. They help establish several schools for them. More than 1,000 schools were built during this time. They were staffed with qualified teachers, most being African Americans. This would eventually lead to literacy rates increasing. Although they were segregated, there were still many going to school and the attendance grew by the 1880’s. This would lead to black colleges and universities being created. In the present time, there’s colleges targeted to the black community and offer them great opportunities. There are over 100 HBCU’s that offer opportunities to develop students skills and talents regardless of
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In order to for one to correctly answer the question at hand – whether reconstruction was effective or not, one has to identify the core issues during this period in time. During reconstruction, the issue of slavery is in focus and as shown below there are two main ideas that have to be understood – whether or not slaves were free. It is during this period that the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments were introduced, giving slaves hope for a better future. Former slaves now were able to vote, receive an education, have their own property, get married and even hold positions in political office. With the new laws by 1868 of blacks were registered voters, more than ten held seats in the House of Representatives and much more took
In addition, Congress expanded the Freedmen’s Bureau to establish education and courts that would help ensure civil rights protection.
The new Reconstruction has given freedom to more than four million slaves. This is great achievement for equality in the United States of America. African-Americans are now able to work as free men. Johnson’s Presidential Reconstruction Program led mad southern states loyal to the Union and slave free. However, southern states enacted bills to regulate African-American activity which led to the Civil Rights Act.
The Civil War ended slavery and three Constitutional Amendments altered African American rights. The 13th Amendment abolished/discontinued slavery in all territories and states. The 14th Amendment gave equal protection to all males regardless of race and prohibited states from depriving them of this right. The 15th Amendment allowed for African Americans males to vote. With these amendments being ratified, it became a requirement for southern states to be readmitted into the Union.
These speeches moved people and set goals for African Americans and others to be free from slavery. First of all, The two main goals of the Reconstruction Era were to bring back the former confederate states back into the Union. Also, to ensure equal citizenship and rights to former slaves. The Reconstruction Era reorganized and reestablished the seceded states in the union after the American Civil War. During the Reconstruction African Americans gained voice in the Government for the first time in History.
At the end of the Civil War between the North and South arose the Reconstruction era. This was a time period of the late 1800s where the united states, specifically the North started to attempt the rebuilding of the South. Abolitionists were eager to see the end of slavery and Lincoln attempted to end slavery. President Lincoln attempted to put in place the Emancipation Proclamation which stated all slaves in confederate states would be free. This was to weaken the southern states; except, the confederate states did not obey.
Although slavery was declared over after the passing of the thirteenth amendment, African Americans were not being treated with the respect or equality they deserved. Socially, politically and economically, African American people were not being given equal opportunities as white people. They had certain laws directed at them, which held them back from being equal to their white peers. They also had certain requirements, making it difficult for many African Americans to participate in the opportunity to vote for government leaders. Although they were freed from slavery, there was still a long way to go for equality through America’s reconstruction plan.
These efforts often took shape in the form of legal reform. During the mid-nineteenth century three key amendments, known as The Reconstruction Amendments were made to attempt to legally acknowledge the rights of blacks in America. The first was the 13th amendment that was ratified on December 18, 1865 and is associated with the abolishment of slavery. However the 13th amendment states that slavery is not allowed “except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted” (“Primary Documents in American History." 13th Amendment…).
All of these things helped, but there were still inequalities so, “In 1875, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act, which guaranteed all persons equal access to public accommodations, including theaters, hotels, and transportation, and allowed anyone denied services on account of race to seek restitution in federal court,” (Reconstructing Citizenship). African Americans elected during the reconstruction helped to pass this act. Even after all of this, there were still people who opposed blacks being equal, so not everything in their lives
The Reconstruction was a period of rebuilding relationships between the North and the South in the U.S. It was a significant period for ex-slaves (freedpeople) to seek a better life in the U.S. and one of the significant eras in the U.S. history that historians have been debating. After the end of the Civil War, about four million ex-slaves gained their freedom from the institution of slavery. But most ex-slaves struggled with the meaning of inequality and freedom during the Reconstruction. Historians have been debating about the evaluation of the Reconstruction.
After the Civil War, a war fought over slavery, the country remained in turmoil. The federal government immediately began reconstructing the South by establishing a bureau, new amendments, as well as other ways to aid the South and the freedmen. The federal government enacted three new amendments,which freed the slaves, made them citizens, and granted them the right to vote. One significant goal was to establish economic and social opportunities for the freedmen. After the freedmen were freed, they also had to become a part of America’s economic system and pursue life, liberty, and happiness.
Post Civil War, African Americans started to gain rights to gain rights, and soon gain rights equal to whites. While there were some people/things standing in their way (KKK, Black Codes), in the end they got what they needed; Equality. Many acts and laws were passed to aid the new rights now held by African Americans, as well as the numerous people willing to help. New Amendments were added to give African Americans rights after the war, all giving them some equal rights to whites. The first of the three added was the Thirteenth Amendment, it gave African Americans freedom from slave owners, and stated that no one could be kept as a slave in the U.S..
Reconstruction era, which was followed by post-civil war, was meant to unite the states back together, reconstruct properties, and most importantly, abolish slavery in the South. Although the factors such as amendments legally freed former slaves, yet WRITE THESIS After the end of civil war in 1865, Reconstruction era, which was controlled by President Abraham Lincoln, appeared to quickly coalesce the Northern and Southern states. reconstruction amendments, which were approved between 1865 and 1870, played a huge role on giving legal rights to blacks and former slaves. 13th amendment constitutionally abolished slavery in 1865 and followed up by that, 14th and 15th amendment admitted equal citizenship, protection, and rights of suffrage despite the one’s race or skin color. Former slaves were no longer belongings of their owners.
With many freed blacks possessing no education, no land and little money, there was a great disparity present from the start. Education is a great stepping-stone for almost everyone in every social class in society. The same has been true long since the founding of this nation. With the backbone of an education, blacks could slowly improve the welfare of their people and each generation would make much greater leaps up the social
The Reconstruction Amendments When the Civil War came to an end, the states in the Union breathed a collective sigh of relief. There was no longer a need to worry about fighting or war. Unfortunately, the conflict was not truly over. Reconstruction ushered in a new era of disagreement in the United States, especially over the issue of freedmen, or former slaves. While many people associate the North with emancipation and