In the spring of 1868, America was focused on Congress to see if the President was going to be removed from office. Individuals were impeached and removed from office before, however, President Andrew Johnson was the first president to be impeached. Many have regarded Johnson as one of the worst presidents in the history of the United States because of his racism, stubbornness, disastrous Reconstruction policies, and his impeachment trial. Johnson’s impeachment would be the defining point of his presidency and his legacy. This raises the numerous questions such as why was Johnson put on trial; what made Republicans hell-bent on impeaching him; and was Andrew Johnson’s impeachment justified.
In May 1863 130-strong army of the Union was defeated by 60 thousandth army of General Lee. Northerners retreated, and the Confederates, beating Washington to the north, came to Pennsylvania. In this situation, the importance of the outcome of the acquired three-day battle at Gettysburg, during which killed more than 50,000 people. Lee army defeated and retreated to Virginia. July 4 on the Western Front after many days of siege and two unsuccessful assaults General Grant captured Vicksburg fortress.
Another example is the Southern states’ secession from the United States. In this, eleven states seceded because of many reasons, including the fact that the North was against slavery, which was the main way the South made their profit, and that their newly elected president was completely against slavery and didn’t want it to spread to any other new territories the country would acquire. With the secession of the Southern states President Lincoln had to make sure the Union won the war so that the Confederacy would rejoin the country. To do this he instituted a draft and made sure European countries would have no reason to help the Confederacy. These actions ultimately proved to be very helpful, then and now.
Abraham Lincoln’s emancipation proclamation, issued on the 1st of January 1863, was a presidential declaration that intended to abolish slavery. The counter argument may be stated that Lincoln’s proclamation was merely a war measure that only ended slavery in certain areas in order to ensure victory for the North. However, the emancipation proclamation marked the beginning of the end of the institution of slavery thus it was a success. Argument: Abraham Lincoln refers to his proclamation as "the central act of my administration, and the greatest event of the 19th century." (Source B2) Lincoln’s proclamation was one of strategy as it aimed to abolish slavery as well as recruit those previously enslaved to help the North win the civil war.
From other point of view Lincoln rules could be considered racist, because he was in favor of free blacks slaves leave United States to other countries in Africa, and had the acknowledged that the attitude of the white population of the north was in favor of abolishing slavery, but did not grant the some rights to white people. The war came to the end on April 9th , 1865. The General Commander on Nothern Virginia surrender his troops to the General of the Army of Potomac, winning the war The Unionist. Five days after the expected end of the war, April 14th , 1865, took place the murder of The President Abraham Lincoln. He was shot in his head while attending a performance at the Theater Ford in Washington D C. with his wife.
My intention with this essay is to give a wider understanding on why the speech happened and just what impact it has had on the country. So what was the events leading up to the Speech held that morning in November 1963? In the year 1860, the republican presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln was sworn into office as the president of the United States. The northerner had been a loud voice against the slavery that took place (mostly) in the south and with him winning the election, there was a lot of opposition from slavery-advocates. Lincoln was against slavery and with the possibility of his end-goal being the abolishment of slavery seven states where already done leaving the union before Lincoln had taken his place in the Oval Office.
Abraham Lincoln died for civil rights when slavery was abolished when he signed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1865, but still African-Americans were being discriminated and segregated form the whites. True equality was not shown until The Civil Rights Act of 1965 that desegregated schools, restaurants, and other locations in America was signed gave African-Americans a chance at true freedom and equality which is what America is supposed to mean. For 100 years the battle for civil rights was fought and came true, it took a nation to be divide to go to war with each other. It also started a huge movement in America in the 1960s that revolutionized a country and changed it forever. King believed in this change and was able to lead a movement and succeed with it.
A Study in Defeat PART ONE The general who could not be defeated – General Robert Edward Lee “Lee is the only man I know whom I would follow blindfold.” General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, 1862 I In early April 1861, Colonel Robert Edward Lee was offered field command of the Union armies by Winfield Scott. Lee declined, saying that he could not contemplate fighting against the South in the event of their secession from the Union. He resigned from his anomalous position and returned to his beloved Virginia. On 25 April 1861, he was promptly made commander of the Virginian army. The Us Civil War had broken out on 12 April 1861 with the shelling of Fort Sumter in South Carolina.
On January 1st, 1863 an executive order was issued by President Abraham Lincoln. This order was the Emancipation Proclamation, and was considered a war measure during the American Civil War. It proclaimed that all slaves in the rebellious confederate states were free. The purpose of the Civil War had now changed. The North was not only fighting to preserve the Union, it was fighting to end slavery.
Race in the USA has always been a fight that lasted more than a 100 years. In the movie Lincoln, Spielberg portrays part of the struggle they faced, and the first milestone: The 13th amendment, which ended involuntary servitude and the civil war. Being the 16th president of the USA, he was eager to end the war and end the racial inequality that existed at the time. Similarly in the movie “Selma”, the fight for equality is still present as segregation existed before the civil rights act of 1964. Unfortunately even after the act was passed and Martin Luther King won the noble peace prize for the ban of segregation, people needed time to absorb the change especially in the southern states.