As Commander in Chief, Abraham Lincoln made numerous decisions that impacted the outcome of the war. He used a broad interpretation of his Oath of Office to justify nearly any action he took. Many of these actions overstepped the bounds of the Constitution, but all were made with the greater good of the country in mind. Despite having the best intentions, Lincoln did make mistakes throughout his presidency, such as how he handled the military.
The American Civil War that was started due to the controversy over slavery in 1861, was won by The Union supported by President Lincoln against the Confederate states. President Lincoln’s original goal during the civil war was to reunify the nation as quickly as possible and help both sides come to an understanding. After the Civil War ended in 1865, the newly formed United States’ reconstruction era began. The Reconstruction era was put into effect by the Congress in 1866 and lasted until 1877. The Union’s victory in the Civil War had given African Americans a new sense of hope, devastated the southern economy, and eased the history of disunity in American political life.
Reconstruction was successful in the idea that is reunited the United States by the former Confederate states pledging to the United States government and developing a new constitution which embodied the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments. At first, Reconstruction brought numerous job opportunities for black and whites in the South since collaboration was essential for the nation to be whole again. Furthermore, education, Freedmen 's Bureau, and laws were established in order to provide the newly freedmen with any assistance to feel like an American citizen. Some examples of these specific laws or acts are the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments and the Civil Rights Act of 1875 which “required the state governments provide equal
First of all, the problem with bringing the South and the North together is that they should’ve taken one issue at a time. They were juggling between the issue of slavery, economic problems, and state power. It was too much at the same time and was asking things to clash. They didn’t make sure that both of the issues weren’t addressed fairly either.
At the Constitutional Convention in 1787 differences between the delegates and the interests they represented made compromise absolutely necessary. The Great Compromise was made because small states felt there wasn’t enough representation for them in Congress. The Three-Fifths Compromise was established to solve the problem of slavery representation in Southern states. Delegates at the Constitutional Convention had to face the problem of giving fair representation to both small and large states.
The Great Compromise which was founded at the Constitutional Convention wasn't formed without trouble. Many of the delegates that participated in the convention were wealthy landowners and lawyers, who owned many slaves. They failed to notice the diversity that excited within the nation. As they talked how to repair the Articles of Confederation, issues would arise that would create continuous debates amongst each other. One of the issues that would arise would be the nature of the new government.
On 1787, a constitutional convention was held in Philadelphia state house, where three proposal were suggested: the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, and the Connecticut Compromise. The Virginia Plan intention was to establish a Congress with numerical representation and a more robust national government; however, this proposition led into an opposed proposal called The New Jersey plan. The New Jersey plan was made to make modification to the Articles of Confederation but more importantly, the plan is to make clear of whom has the power of what states. Two delegates from Connecticut were joined together to acquire the image only by the states in senate and numbers in the House, calling it the Connecticut Compromise. As all the Plans I previously mentioned, I will go on depth on how the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, and the Connecticut Compromise shape America today.
Essay Questions for Section I 1) The key point of the Reconstruction was to reconstruct the South, in order to, bring it back into the United States. However, there were many issues that the federal government had to deal with during this time period. In my opinion, I would say the primary issue that the federal government was faced with, would be figuring out how to bring the South back into the United States. The other main issue that the federal government was faced with, would be to figure out was what to do with the freed slaves.
The Civil War was fought during 1861 through 1865 between the Southern and Northern parts of the United States. The North, or the Union, wanted to abolish slavery, but the South, called the Confederates, wanted to keep slavery as well as secede from the Union. This war started at Fort Sumter and was won by the North. Hostility between the North and South grew noticeably after the year of the Missouri Compromise, 1820 (“Civil War” 1). In 1852, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a book about slave life, became the second best-selling book in 19th Century America, behind the Bible, and opened the eyes of Northerners.
The Civil War was the result of uncompromising differences between the free and slave states over the power to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become states. When Abraham Lincoln won the election in 1860, as the first Republican president on a platform promising to keep slavery out of the territories, seven slave states in the deep South seceded and formed a new nation, the Confederate States of America. Military during the Civil War was off, but equalled out in terms of stats, North having better leadership and South having better weapons. As the United States expanded westward, two new territories were created from the issue of slavery in the United States. The U.S. government let the two new territories decide whether or not to allow slavery.
April 12, 1961, marked one of the most historical events that have ever occurred in the United States -the Civil War. This war was fought by the Union (Northern states) and the Confederates (Southern states). Several factors contributed to the clash of both sides, such include: trades, tariffs, states’ rights, and the idea of slavery. After four years of fighting, the Southern states lied under complete destruction. On May 9, 1865, the fighting was over -the Union had won the war.
Multiple issues faced the members of the Constitutional Congress as they attempted to write a new constitution for the United States. Representation for the colonies in Congress was a major issue at the time, and was resolved by the Great Compromise. Also, the writing of the new constitution formed two different groups of people, the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. Their beliefs conflicted with each other, One group believing in a strong federal government and the other believing in strong local governments. A compromise was reached, the compromise known as the Bill of Rights.
Circumstances of Reconstruction The Reconstruction of the United States was the best that could have been expected under the circumstances. Because there were no instructions for Reconstruction in the Constitution, the federal government did not have any guidelines to go by when conducting this gradual process. Unfortunately for the people working in the federal government, there were several circumstances that prohibited them from reconstructing the nation the best way possible. These circumstances are events that could not have been prevented or changed.