They came to America seeking religious refuge in 1629. The kind of utopia they were seeking was one that held religious freedom because they had one sole purpose; to worship God. The kind of influence the Puritans had on America was building strong morals, religion, tradition, and love for one another. A sermon
With the development of a civilized society in America during the 1700s and 1800s, the role religion played in an everyday person 's life was becoming more and more weekended. To counter this, a series of religious revivals were set in motion, The Great Awakenings. These were a series of large, sweeping religious, social, and political changes that looked to use the basis of religion to revive faith in a neglected belief, bring about numerous social reforms, and use political groups to great effect on society 's mentality. In this easy we will detail the key participants, the causes and the consequences of the First and Second Great Awakenings in America.
The Great Awakening unified the diverse colonies with the belief that colonists must shift their lives’ focus from worldly matters, such as accumulating land and wealth, back to faith and the church i n order to avoid condemnation by God. Ministers, such as the passionate George Whitefield, became very influential and powerful at the time by spreading this concept along with methods for earning salvation. For example, “at Philadelphia…, many thousands flock[ed] to hear him preach the Gospel, and great numbers were converted to Christ” (VOF 78). With a large following, Whitefield’s ideas “... encouraged many colonists to trust their own views rather than those of established elites” (GME 160).
Discuss the reasons why Americans were drawn to expansion in the late nineteenth century? America’s was drawn into continual westward expansion in the late nineteenth century because it wanted to expand trade amongst other reasons. There was that small-group of Americans who warned that the country must not let itself be shut out of the scramble for empire. American was beginning to a overflowing population of America, which according to, a census, which stated by census that there was no longer a clear line separating settled the land from unsettled land.
Americans began to Christianize Native Americans, further acting as racially and culturally superior. The heart of Manifest destiny was the belief that America as a race and culture was superior and was deemed to spread
From the years 1607 to 1700, religion impacted the development of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Chesapeake colonies by shaping legislation, populations, and culture. The Plymouth colony was founded on the basis of Separatists, or those who wanted to separate from the Church of England. This group created the Mayflower compact, an agreement between male settlers to follow what the majority dictated. The compact was signed in order to keep civil order within the colony. This was the first step toward self government, and was used as a basis for other constitutions.
The Second Great Awakening was extremely influential in shifting the minds towards reform in people across America. The mentality of the people at this time was closed minded and had acceoted their way of living. Among other factors, Charles Finney played and important role in the success of the Second Great Awakening. “Much of the impulse towards reform was rooted in the revivals of the broad religious movement that swept the Untied States after 1790.” Revivals during the Second Great Awakening awakened the faith of people during the 1790s with emotional preaching and strategic actions from Charles Finney and many other influential preachers, which later helped influence the reforms of the mid-1800s throughout America.
The First Great Awakening was brought over to America from Europe in the early 1700’s, which brought Pietism, Enlightenment and Protestant faith. The Protestant faith was established in the United States during the colonial era with the first Great Awakening and grew after the War of 1812. Men were mostly of the hierarchy till the roles of the women transitioned through the war. A while later, the Second Great Awakening increased the churches to a lucrative Christian society in which preached spiritual equality and could democratically govern themselves within a hierarchy (Henretta). During the Second Great Awakening there was a substantial amount of importance for religious women in the church as they searched for a social, political and cultural
In the English colonies in North America, they experienced a time of church reform which provided a tie with the new Church of England. This created many political communities based off of a British outline and way of life. Other ties led to the beginning of evangelical protestantism in the North American colonies. Also, the emergence of “The Enlightenment” caused many american colonists to diversify and expand their religion, some even followed art.
Martin Luther was a leader in bringing to humankind some of the world’s first religious freedoms. Just as our forefathers did for all American Citizens when signing the Declaration of Independence but just as it was for our forefathers under British ruling so it was for Martin Luther when he was excluded in 1521.Luther was worried because he believed that everyone regardless of their good deeds could reach heaven through their faith. His translation of the bible into the popular language had a great impact on the church. Martin Luther was a pioneer of his time because of his brave actions the “Society of Jesus” was born in 1534 and was founded by Ignatius of Loyola and he begins a conquest to counter reform parts of Poland, Hungry and Germany
Besides English settlers there were numerous other representatives of the European countries settling in the new land. And as the Puritans came to practice their own believes so did other nationalities, as explained in the study material. In my own interpretation America represents change and the believe system as well as the way religion was previously practiced was now changing. This change was greatly influenced by the intellectual movement called Enlightenment, which started in Europe and this influence had bearing on the Great Awakening. Besides Puritans now there were Catholics in Maryland, Quakers in Pennsylvania and the Episcopal Church in the southern states.
Reformation is an essential part of American history. It is the abiltiy to change ineffective or outdated structures of society. Reform movements during the Antebellum Movement,and the Civil Rights Movement are examples of reactions to injustices. Social Conservatives that are complacent attempt resist these changes. Reform movements have led to the Government to have more active role in society.
With the good fortune that was brought on by the colonization of America problems such as spiritual decline was on the rise. By the late 1600’s, New England ministers were criticizing problems that included public drunkenness to excessively high prices and wages. It was predicted that if the Puritans did not change their ways ruin and destruction would befall all (Oakes et al. 2017, 108). These behaviors were starkly juxtaposed to the beliefs of fate of Puritans that Robert C. Winthrop had previously purposed. Winthrop believed, unlike the many other religious who had made the same trek , the Puritans would be rooted in God’s law, making them the model society.
Reinvention Reinvention is a concept that directly means to change something or someone to the point that it is almost new. One can reinvent themselves physically, emotionally, or even mentally. These ideas all change the person drastically. Mark Twain aimed to show us the reinvention of characters through noticeable variations in characters personalities and their method of dealing with certain types of situation.