Richard III Richard was considered to be one of the most arrogant and selfish kings in the 13th century. He was supposed to have killed two of his nephews, just to become king. Richard was born to two nobles named Richard of Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville Duchess of York on the 2nd October 1452 and died on the 22 of August 1485. He had many titles such as, Richard Duke of York, Richard III, Lord Protector, Duke of Gloucester and many more. He was one of the kings who were controversial because Henry Tudor had made people believe Richard had ‘killed’ his nephews in the Tower of London but according to Josephine Tey, he is much more innocent looking than his successor Henry, but not everything is the way as it seems. Wars …show more content…
As you probably guessed, the badges were of roses. A red one for Lancastrians and the white rose for the Yorkists. From 1455 to 1485, wars were fought between Henry VI who was the Lancastrian king and Edward VI who was the Yorkist king. The …show more content…
Richard was born on the 2nd of October 1452. During that time, Henry VI was ruling. He was a weak king and couldn’t solve large problems that affected England. A cause for it, was said to be that he had serious mental issues. ‘Richard’s father Richard Plantagenet, was one of those people who hated the reign of Henry VI.’2 He was once caught criticising Henry in public with his friends and was charged with treason- a crime punishable by death. Richard and his friends decided to rebel with their own private armies. He easily won the Battle of Nottingham, capturing Henry and killing many of the Lancastrian nobles as well. Sadly, Richard Plantagenet died fighting a war because he was outnumbered with the amount of soldiers he had. It was said that he was unhorsed, wounded and beheaded to death. Richard’s brother Edmund also died in that same war, This had depressed Richard dearly. Being the eldest son, Richard’s brother Edward IV became king. Edward was considered cruel because he had his brother George, Duke of Clarence sentenced to death because he had rebelled against his brother. Many people also believed that George had mental health outbreaks just like King Henry VI. He was killed in the Tower of London by drowning in a barrel of wine. Richard was diagnosed with scoliosis when he was older, this had resulted to him in being tired and wouldn’t have helped him during the
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January 1066 was a time of chaos for medieval England. There were three people claiming the throne for themselves, and the result changed Europe forever. There was Harold Godwinson, the most powerful noble in England, who claimed that the king had promised to him the throne at the last minute, as he lay dying. There was William, Duke of Normandy, whom Edward had been friends with since they were children. Lastly, there was Harald Hadraada, a Norwegian noble who was given a claim to the English throne by King Magnus of Norway.
He was called to the Third Crusade along with Philip and Richard the Lionheart under the declaration of Pope Gregory VIII. He was a very talented ruler, known for his temperament and bright red beard. He died in 1190 during the Third Crusade by drowning while crossing a river to help the other kings. His death set back the crusaders for a while, but also gave the Christians a new factor to fuel their fight with the
On January 5th 1066, King Edward the Confessor, King of England had passed away. He ruled over his kingdom for 23 years. The next day the Anglo-Saxon selected Harold Godwin, who is Edwards’s brother in-law, to be king. Duke William of Normandy did not agree with the decision of having Harold Godwin to be king. William stated that Edward promised the crown of England to him.
Richard the Lionheart is one of the most famous of kings, if not the most, in England and France. He was born on September 8, 1157 and died on April 6, 1199. He is mainly known for his part in the Third Crusade attempting to free Jerusalem from Muslim control. Although he had a large and important role in Medieval Europe, it is usually romanticized to increase the heroism of Richard. Richard’s prowess as a military leader, his benevolence and his sense of responsibility were all greatly exaggerated.
Thesis statement: Richard Ist did not completely follow the model of “roi-chevalier” established by his legend, he lacked few knightly characteristics and cannot be considered as an excellent king, especially from a political, financial and ideological stand point. Evidence 1: “King Richard had the valour of Hector, th heroism of Achilles; he was not inferior to Alexander, nor less valiant than Roland. No, he easily surpassed in many respects the most praise-worthy figures of our times […] his skill and experience in action equalled his desire for it; his desire did not betray a lack of skill or experience”1 “He was tall, of elegant built; the colour of his hair was between red and gold; his limbs were supple and straight. He had quite long arms, which were particularly convenient for drawing a sword and wielding it most effectively. His long legs matched the arrangement of his whole body.
Writing one of the first accounts of the Conquest, William of Jumièges made sure to explicitly mention the events that had prompted Duke William of Normandy to meet the English in battle and seize the throne. Both Jumièges and Poitiers, along with virtually every other contemporary Norman historians, assert that the incitement of William’s conquest was triggered by Harold Godwinson’s failure to uphold the oaths of fealty he allegedly swore to William of Normandy. Because king Edward had not produced an heir to the English throne upon his death, succession claims were highly contended between Duke William, the first cousin of Edward once removed, and Earl Harold Godwinson, the most powerful earl in England at the time. According to opposing Norman and English sources, both these men had a
King Hacon was one of the seven kings killed by an enemy’s bow fire. Danish king Harold Bluetooth was another king killed in the ambush during the year 986 AD after a day in battle at sea against in son, Svein Forkbeard. King Harold went ashore to warm himself at a fire after the battle and one of Svien’s supporters crept close through the surrounding woods and killed him with an arrow. Norwegian King Harald, Hardada’s careful battle plans at the battle of Stamford Bridge failed his army a\was defeated after he fell with an arrow through his throat. Only days later the English King who defeated him, Harold Godwinson, was defeated and killed at the battle of Hasting after being shot in the eye with an
Reigned 1035 – 1040, Harold Godwinson was the last Anglo-Saxon king of England, the son of Godwin, Earl of Wessex. He was crowned king by the Witenagemot Council when Edward the Confessor, the king of England, died. But there was one man who did not agree with this vote to make Harold the king. Normandy Duke William was promised by Edward that he would be crowned. Normandy planned to invade and that was the start of a battle knows as the Battle of Hastings.
In 1051AD, Harold’s dad, Godwin of Wessex, formed an army against Edward and was defeated, causing his whole family to be exiled. In 1052AD, Godwin created another army against Edward, forcing Edward to restore the Godwin family as he could not form an army. Harold claimed that, on his deathbed, Edward promised his kingdom to Harold. Since Harold was the closest ‘heir’ geographically, the kingdom was given to him. Much before becoming King, in 1064AD, he shipwrecked in Normandy and he swore to William, Duke of Normandy that he would help him become King.
King Richard had three brothers: Henry, Geoffrey, and John. Richard died in battle abroad and this left the country without a king. Richard’s brother Geoffrey had a son named Arthur who was next in line for the throne. However, John wanted the throne and had Arthur imprisoned, then later killed him. In the movie, after Richard dies in battle, Robin Longstride and his men pretends to be knights, which allowed them passage back to England so they can deliver the crown to the royal court.
Edward II lived like a reckless and irresponsible youth and he maybe didn’t want to become a king, maybe he wanted to live another kind of life. Regardeless that, he was born to be a ruler, but he did not grow up to be a good one. He was a king and he could not