Name Course Tutor Date Rhetoric Movement The United States pro-choice movement or the United States abortion-rights movement is a socio-political movement in America that argues that a woman has the right to procure an abortion. The movement counters the pro-life movement that maintains that the fetus has a right to live as well since human life starts at conception. Moreover, the issue of abortion generates intense moralistic reactions compared to other issues in the United States. To pro-lifers, abortion is an attack on human life, while pro-choice supporters view the process as an attack on human independence. Regardless of the position taken, the issue has substantial moral implications and no room for compromise.
In 1973, the Supreme Court made a historical decision that not only affected abortion rights, but also society. This decision changed the way women terminated their pregnancies. In addition, it made justices feel conflicted when deciding right from wrong. In 1970, the Supreme Court granted a certiorari where they later ruled in favor of Jane Roe and determined their majority, concurring and dissenting opinions in regards to the case. Before appealing the case to the Supreme Court, Jane Roe’s case had been granted a declaratory relief from the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas.
In my paper I am discussing the debate of abortion in terms of induced, which is the intentional termination of pregnancy through drugs or surgery, and therapeutic, that is the abortion performed to preserve the life and health of the mother. In this paper, I take a strong stance against the acceptance of abortion both legally and socially. The main arguments used against pro-life (support for the abolishment of abortion), is based on the valuing of life. To those who are pro-choice (liberals, etc. ), argue that it is the woman’s choice to decide whether or not to have an abortion based on the grounds of valuing her life.
In Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court considered a challenge to a Texas law outlawing abortion in all cases except those in which the life of the mother was at risk (Rosenberg). “The second case, Doe v. Bolton, focused on a more lenient Georgia law that allowed a woman the right to terminate her pregnancy when either her life or her health was in danger” (Rosenberg). Ultimately, in both cases the lower court’s had declared the statutes unconstitutional
• Women will die of unsafe abortions if we make it illegal. Pro-choicers believe that if abortion is made illegal women will be pushed to perform unsafe abortions and they will die. Abortion being illegal means that women cannot go to a registered nurse or doctor to perform an abortion unless they agree to do it illegal and because of this woman will be pushed to come up with different home remedies to perform abortion. These home remedies can then kill women. In the world that we are living today women are finding all different remedies and doing different practices to abort a baby and some, maybe most are dangerous ways.
Today, abortion still one of the most controversial topics in our communities, some with the Idea that it's wrong (pro-life) and others that is totally okay that women should have control over their body (pro-choice). Even though, it became legal in 1973, there are a big amount of people opposing abortion as a moral wrong. In this paper I would like to talk about three different theories on abortion. First, the structural functionalist, second the conflict perspective theory and third the symbolic Interaction theory. A structural-functional approach that it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion in specific circumstances.
Abortion has been an ongoing issue in America in recent years. Many protests stating that it is the human right whether a mother decides to keep her child or not. However, a big chunk of the people in the United States believes that abortions are cruel and label them as a murder. Back in the 18th century, abortions were allowed under the law and which many people practiced. The issue only became illegal when “quickening” occurs.
Roe v. Wade legalized abortion in the greater United States, which was not legal at all in many states and was limited by law in others. Prior to the case it was the state that determined the legality of abortions. Jane Roe, (alias), was an unmarried and pregnant Texas citizen in 1970. She wanted to have an abortion, but Texas abortion law made it a felony to abort a fetus unless “on medical advice for the purpose of saving the life of the mother.” Roe filed suit against Wade, the district attorney of Dallas County, Texas to challenge the law outlawing abortion. At the time, many states had outlawed abortion except in cases where the mother’s life was in danger.
When the Supreme Court ruled in 1973, that autonomous abortion rights are written into the Constitution, it gave all the mothers the right to decide whether she wanted to proceed with an abortion, for any reason at all. With that being said, states have begun to make it more difficult to access abortion services by putting more restrictions in place, in hopes that the number of women thinking of abortion will decrease. These restrictions range from requiring abortions after 15 weeks to be provided in a licensed surgical center to requiring providers to have expensive ultrasound equipment on-site (Jones, Henshaw, Finer, & Zolna,
Abortion was constitutionalized in 1973 after one of the most intensely debated United States Supreme Court decision, Roe v. Wade, in which the court ruled that women have the right to an abortion free of interference by the state. It allowed women to abort within the first twenty-four weeks. However, it allowed states to regulate abortion (who, where, when, why) during the second trimester. It also gave states the right to ban most abortions in the third trimester; the abortion procedure was considered a risk for both, the baby’s health and the mother’s health, at the third trimester (Should Abortion Be Legal). Lastly and more importantly, women were given independence and the ability to choose when and whether to have children.
Intro – the case that I choose to research is roe vs wade. In 1970 a women named Norma McCovey was pregnant with her third child and wanted to obtain a legal abortion in Dallas TX. The only way to do this was to claim that she had been raped because it was illegal to have an abortion for any other reason. The problem was she had not been raped and the unauthorized facility had been closed done by police. This lead to her to seek the help of Linda coffee and Sarah Wedington, two attorneys who would argue the case.
When Norma L. McCorvey heard the news that she was pregnant with her third child at 21 years old, she attempted to get an abortion, under the story that she had been raped, as in accordance to Texas law, abortion is legal as long as the pregnancy occurred due to rape or incest. Her plan ultimately failed and she was denied the abortion, so she went to court under the alias of Jane Roe, alongside her attorney’s Sarah Weddington and Linda Coffee. Weddington and Coffee filed to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas against the defendant Henry Wade, who was representing the state of Texas. This case brought into question whether or not the Constitution embraced a woman’s right to terminate her pregnancy by abortion.
States do this in order to protect the rights of the human being that is growing inside the woman, because they cannot fully protect it due to the national law. The two most popular laws on restriction of abortion are laws regarding when an abortion can be performed and laws requiring parental knowledge or consent if the individual requesting an abortion is a minor. Currently, forty-two of the fifty states have laws regarding the week at which a woman can have an abortion. Twenty-one of these states allow abortion up until “viability of the fetus” or the ability for the fetus to live outside of the womb (NationalJournal.com). For laws regarding parental consent or knowledge about an abortion if the patient is a minor, twenty-one states require parental consent, twelve states require parental notification, and five states require both.
I agree with Brennan on issues such as freedom of the press and abortion. I don’t think that the press should be censored or stopped in anyway, because in my own opinion the press is the only way that people find out about major news stories and scandals. I am also a strong pro-choice advocate and believe that abortion should be legalized throughout the country and remain that way. A woman should be allowed to get an abortion is she wants to and I don’t find it right for people to want to take that right