Locke is a founder of the Common Sense pamphlet. He believed in government ruled by people. “He expressed the radical view that government is morally obliged to serve people, namely by protecting life, liberty, and property. He explained the principle of checks and balances to limit government power. He favored representative government and a rule of law.
He designed his own hypothesis of effective leadership and based his ideal leader on Borgia’s life. Machiavelli famously claimed that excellent leaders have to learn to be tough; they must be ready to set aside ethical or moral concerns of justice, kindness, and honesty in order to guarantee the stability of their regime. The assertion was outrageous to contemporaries, who upheld medieval concepts about divine power, in which a supreme being appointed the ruler for the sole purpose of serving people and upholding justice and law. In contrast, Machiavelli asserted that the most prosperous leaders were not those adhered to the dictates of justice, conscience or law, but those prepared to do whatever it take to preserve their own power. Such leaders, according to him, end up preserving the order of their
Thomas Paine’s influential essays, titled The Rights of Man and Common Sense, argue that humans are born with natural rights. Paine views human natures as essentially good, but capable of evil. In order to contain this evil there needs to exist an over-arching institution that would provide stability and peace. Paine argued that the government would play this role. However, he viewed the government as a necessary evil.
Locke’s idea proposed the natural rights, which are life, liberty, and property. He stated this for people to set up civil government to protect their natural rights. Similar to what Locke proposed, the declaration used a comparable statement when it said, “The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression.” Another Enlightenment thinker is Voltaire.
John Locke views civil society—a group that is under the authority of an exclusive leader who is in charge of protecting their welfare through legislation—as a crucial repellant to absolute monarchy as well as vital to protecting an individual’s property, because its origin which is the paternal model where an individual gives up certain rights in return for protection from an executive. In his Second Treatise on Government, Locke pushes the idea that God did not intend for a man to be alone, but to have the option of joining a society amongst other men. Continuing with this notion, he explains the origins of the civil society through the paternal model which he considers as the beginning of society of people coming together under one man.
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. Edward Snowden is a true American hero and President Obama should give him a pardon because his reasons for leaking N.S.A files are understandable because the N.S.A has been breaking laws that our country is founded upon. It’s the federal government duty to ensure American citizens have protection from other countries, but does the government ensure protection to American citizen when their violating our rights. Edward Snowden didn’t violate any laws; instead he gave Americans a clear insight on what the American government was doing. Edward Snowden leaked over a thousand
“Antifederalists” believe that there is no one to protect the rights of the people. Federalists, believe that the Constitution provides a perfect way to govern life in America. The constitution is a great document, and should ratified. The fundamental basic for government and law, is the concept of the social contract.
To begin with, Paine saw the need for a new and stable kind of government that promotes, represents, and unites American people. According to Paine it is mainly because of the people 's constitution that the British government is considered to be less oppressive compared to other European governments. Therefore, it is very important to recognize and consider the difference between society and government, especially monarchial, and their impacts on their communities. Paine argues that society affects people positively by uniting them and promoting their wellbeing. On the other hand, government by a king is rooted in an evil origin, and history has shown that it 's hereditary succession leads to foolish, wicked, and improper leaders,
Jefferson believed in the common sense of mankind in general (study.com, 2003-2016). This meant he did not trust a federal government concept. Democratic-Republicans feared that tyranny would come as a result from a powerful federal government. That is capable of operating without boundaries and could not be challenged by the people. Those fears were unwarranted because the Constitution, did not allow the government to oppressed the citizens of the nation.
He states that “for all being kings as much as he, every man his equal”—in other words, both the government and its subjects play a role to balance each other out. Furthermore, the people must follow the “universal law” set by the government, the “established, settled, known law, received and allowed by common consent to be the standard of right and wrong”. In return, the government will not take the “law of nature”, or their natural rights of, away from the people.
Each of his arguments are as the title suggests, “common sense.” He begins with the distinctions of society from government. Paine states that society is something good in which people have common interest and get together to accomplish something, but distinguishes government as , “… in its best state of necessary evil…”(3). Government is only present to ensure that no wrong doing is being done and the laws are obeyed. If the people gain independence they can start to form their own government but one that is useful with all their opinions.
Common Sense seeks to answer the question: Is the form of colonial government ruling America the most effective option, in that it provides security and protects the people from anarchy and their vices at the least expense? Paine 's thesis is that the English system of government is undesirable as it does more harm than good to the society that it governs, and therefore a true republic should replace the English constitutional monarchy. This conclusion is supported by the points that government is a necessary evil to ensure security, the English constitution is redundant and archaic, and monarchies are destructive human constructs. To begin, Common Sense argues that government is intended to protect society from anarchy and hardship. Nevertheless, the government only fills this role logically as long as the
James Madison, founding father and fourth president of United States wrote the federalists paper number 10 in favor of the constitution. He believes that constitution is the only way to keep balance and control any problem this country faces. He uses faction as an example and talks about how it can cause problems but most importantly how to deal with the problems. He defines faction as groups of people who came together to promote their own interests and opinions. He said that these groups take advantage of the public and violate their rights.
Who should be protected by the bill of Rights? The Bill of Rights is to protect U.S. citizens from the misuse of power that may be committed by the government in different areas. It clearly restrict the three branches of government laid out in the Constitution. In The Bill of Rights, Reprinted from New York University Law Review, Hugo Black states that “The bill of rights protects people by clearly stating what government can’t do by describing ‘the procedures that government must follow when bringing its powers to bear against any person with a view to depriving him of his life, liberty, or property (Black 1960).’” The first 10 amendment either says what the government cannot do or limits its powers by providing undeniable procedures that it