What Thoreau means by the Civil Disobedience is that every person should be govern more by his own moral compass that gives him much clearer answer to his deeds, rather than some laws of a government. “Must the citizen ever for a moment, or in the least degree, resign his conscience to the legislator? Why has every man a conscience, then? I think we should be men first, and subjects afterward.” (1) On the first reading of such statement, one can easily agree, but it is unimaginable that it could really work in reality. It would count on every citizen being moral and righteous.
Montesquieu’s and Rousseau’s ideas of enlightenment were also incorporated in the document. The idea of the separation of power comes from The Spirit of Laws, a book written by Montesquieu to promote liberty and prevent tyranny. His theory of dividing political power and being shared equally among a variety of classes were important in order to prevent the abuse of power. It establishes that all men are to be created equal. Written by Jean-Jacque Rousseau, The Social Contract contributes on the concept of the general will and popular sovereignty .
The Declaration of Independence states, “--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed…”. In the article Why Government, it states, “But Locke also believed that governments should protect people’s natural rights.” Both of these quotes show that the purpose for creating government, is so that the protection of the natural rights of the people is ensured. Also, the idea that these fair powers are just what Men (human beings) are receiving and what they should receive from the creation of governments. Both of these quotes combine with each other, because of the pinpointed idea of how the government was created in order to benefit to the natural rights of the people, and to protect these
John Locke believed this as well, that the citizens should be able to change the government if needed. However, this also showed what Thomas Jefferson was going through. He was not only founding a government, but he was rebelling against one. He disliked the idea of monarchy, and giving total control to the government. This further shows that John Locke had an influence on Pres.
Colonists have the right to live, the right to be free, and the right to seek happiness. Jefferson said, “We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these a Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness…” It also stated that Britain didn’t serve the colonies. One example would be that King George Ⅲhad tried to take away people's rights, and made everyone pay taxes. People would be punished if they hadn’t payed the taxes. When the document was finally finished, the Second Continental Congress had voted to accept the Declaration of Independence.
Hobbes and Rousseau agree that humans are equal by nature and must consent to submit their rights to a central authority. However, their conclusions diverge on the role and the composition of that central authority. Hobbes’s sovereign is that of one individual or a small assembly of individuals whose sole purpose is to provide security to its citizens and in return maintain the power to represent its citizens (Hobbes 227). Conversely, Rousseau believes that the sovereign is based on the concept of the general will which requires active participation by citizens as a community and binds/favors each citizen equally (Rousseau 76). Therefore Hobbes’s Leviathan and Rousseau’s general will are similar in premise by agreeing humans are motivated by self-preservation and utilize contracts to secure self-preservation, though their conclusions differ on the role/rights of the citizens and the sovereign.
By Carson Dvorak “We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal.” Thomas Jefferson said that because he believed all men were created equal. He lived in a time when all men were not free, but some enslaved by their masters. Jefferson believed the master was equal to the slave. Jefferson was a leader that did many things to help the Colonies, like write the Declaration of Independence. He was arguably the most important founding father.
In Equality’s society of Anthem by Ayn Rand, they have many rules and controls, or regulations. They have the rules in place so everyone is the same. The Council doesn’t want anyone to be different, or to have different thoughts. Equality’s new society will have no rules from the old society because he cultivates individuality, he loathed the old society’s rules, and he knows what it means to be an leper. To begin, Equality nurtures individuality.
While justifying his methods of maintaining a stable society to Bernard and John the Savage, Mustapha Mond reasons, “But as I make the laws here, I can also break them” (Huxley 224-225). This example of hypocrisy is sure evidence of Mond’s amorality. As a World Controller, Mustapha Mond’s work consists of maintaining a society, which, for the most part, is
To prevent chaos, America needs order to contain the will of the people. I am responsible to follow these laws. Each law was put in place for a reason that typically goes higher than my head to understand. It is my duty to obey and prioritize these laws over my own opinion or actions. American behavior is typically seen as the cocky know-it-alls.