The imagery of the ‘sour air’ encompassing her represents a miasma of rejection from society, who pressure her to conform to a single way of life. Whilst some say that looking through a Bell Jar gives her a distorted perception of society and the pressure she receives is a fiction of her own imagination, one must look only at her relationship with her mother to realize she is victimized by her harsh society. In specific it reminds us of the toxic environment set up by her mother who tells her "I knew you'd decide to be all right again". It’s shocking to the reader who is able to sympathize with Esther’s clear internal struggles, yet her own mother sees it only as a nuisance. The extended metaphor within this novel and the fragmentary structure we so often see in Plath’s work presents the depth of mental disorder but more importantly brings a harsh light to the society that never understood or even tried
Pauline believes Pecola is ugly, seeing the ugliness which she believed was in herself, in Pecola. This translates to the way she treats Pecola and in some ways, to the image that Pecola sees herself. In addition, Cholly Breedlove has his own violent backstory that leads to his anger and frustration with his life. Cholly’s own unfortunate experiences, such as being left in the trash by his
As the book starts Holden describes his childhood and how he has been kicked out of several school and once more again from his currently school, giving a sense of irresponsibility and no care in the world. Holden later on mentioned slowly the loss of his brother due to leukemia and how he reacted outrageously by breaking the windows of his garage home. As a reader one would view that behavior as abnormal, but Peter Shaw descried it as a normal behavior for a fictional character in the 1950s and by mentioning that Holden, “is presenting in a somewhat different manner than are the sentimentalized young people in other novels if his period” (par. 3), admitting that Holden was somewhat of an outcast of a character even for its time he is still considered normal. Shaw also challenged the reader’s view of Holden by emphasizing that Holden is not a real person, but a fiction character developed in the 1950s and in fact a mad psychological character is normal and made the reading rather more interesting and acceptable during that time.
These surface level inferences reflect her immaturity and ignorance. Mansfield developes a childlike character within Miss Brill, which serves to emphasize her insecurity. Because of this, the reader assumes she is unfair and judgemental, and condemns others for being innaporopriotely dressed and unoriginal to make her feel higher about herself. Miss Brill also assumes the condition of their home life and rank of status based on appearance, “...they looked as though they’d just come from dark little rooms or even-even cupboards!” (Mansfield, 136). Ironically, these inferences and offensive comments prove to be her secluded home life, “...she climbed up the stairs, went into the little dark room-her room like a cupboard-and sat down on the red eiderdown” (Mansfield, 137).
Since there were so many “young men her father had driven away,” it can be inferred that Emily’s father was a very unwelcoming man who did not believe any male was good enough to meet the Grierson standards (Faulkner 55). As stated by Victor Strandberg, “driving away her suitors so as to keep her housekeeping services for himself, Emily 's father has ruined her chances for a normal life” (par. 3). After the death of Mr. Grierson, all that Emily had left was herself and the house because of the seclusion her father created. However, she could have willingly escaped this confinement because her father was no longer there to set rules for her.
In Toms case, he is being hated by his small town. In Victors case he is being hated by his parents and kids at school. Tom is hated because he raped a girl cursed and told her she was wrong while testifying. Victor is hated because he ruins the family name by, being beat up then throwing up, getting an almost but not perfect score on the SATs and ruining his mom and dads vacation by trying to kill himself when they left him home alone. Overall Tom and Victor are villains in the eyes of the people they live with.
This is mainly a result of both characters being idealists and rejecting change. Whilst both characters thrive in the past they struggle in reality with their individual distinct flaws. It is the faults in their characters that, not only makes them distinct, though is what leads to their ultimate fall at the end of each novel. Holden Caulfield and Jay Gatsby struggle with the present because they tend to reject reality by being overly self-interested. Holden Caulfield appears to not “fit in” anywhere and leads him to view most people as “phony” as an
This causes tears,anger,lonely’s,confused,unaware and misunderstanding. “He killed it my father killed it”,Jonas said to himself” (Lowry 188). Jonas felt anger for his father and the pain he feels for the baby twin. On page 168 in the giver,Jonas realized that they been playing a game of war ( Lowry). Jonas feel sad and misunderstood for the boy in war.
In literature, loss of innocence refers to an adolescent character who experiences an event that leads to a greater awareness of pain and suffering which profoundly reshapes their life. The loss of a loved one at a young age can cause disruption and irreparable damage to the innocent mind. After a tragedy of losing a loved one, the naïve mind is ill-equipped to deal with the loss, which can cause it to spiral out of control. Esther and Holden are two fictional characters who are both unfortunate enough to experience this trauma during their adolescence and both suffer the negative mental consequences. Throughout The Bell Jar and The Catcher in the Rye, Plath and Salinger use their protagonists’ to demonstrate the motif of loss of innocence, caused by tragic events in their youth, to teach the reader that buried childhood trauma can have a negative impact on mental health.