This downfall of society caused immense damage to the economy. As the population began to decline due to the deaths of all these people, there was a lack of farmers to plow fields, harvest crops, and produce other goods and services. This in turn affected the relationship of lords and peasants because the working peasants became more useful and in high demand; after learning this the peasants began asking for higher pay to work. This is how Europe was so affected by this plague, not only by death and disease, but in more questionably moral and economic aspects of
With so many people were lost, the farms were not able to be farmed, which created a labor shortage. Plague had made peasant labors quite valuable. Peasants who survived
The drastic drop in population, created a dramatically increase in wages, a fall in food supplies, change in medicine, and an undetermined mindset of religion. As food prices began to drop, and the need for food supplies decreased, landowners where finding it more and more difficult to make ends meets. These effects led to an end in the once great manorial system of Europe, and adapted peasants from farmers to the urban life. Doctors treating the disease soon became infected, and killed off most physicians treating this disease. This caused an awakening in the medical field, as physicians where viewed as a failure.
The Black Death struck Paris in 1349, and quickly spread to England, Scotland, and beyond (Galli 1). Most of Europe had been struck by the mid-1350’s (Galli 1). Some areas saw a mortality rate of ninety percent, while others were “lucky” with just twenty percent (Galli 1). Mass burial pits were dug for bodies (Galli 1). High death rates meant mass burials (Aberth
However, in the long term, these kingdoms were badly affected by the slave trade because it took millions of men and women in the prime of their lives, which disrupted both the cultures and economies of the African nations. The disruption of their economies meant that African kingdoms were less able to progress, and were unable to effectively resist the Europeans when they started to colonise
Europe, already dealing with struggles such as the Great Famine, was bombarded again by the Black Plague. The plague was an incredibly fast spreading disease caused by a microbe called Yersinia Pestis. This disease, once contracted, was deadly within two days and caused an excruciating death. It wiped out half of the population of Europe causing major issues among the society. The Black Death was one of the most devastating epidemics to hit Europe, and affected the dynamics of society in many ways.
The disease decimated the local population and was one of the main reasons for the fall of the Aztec and Inca empires. Likewise, on the eastern coast of North America, the disease was introduced by the early settlers and led to the death of millions of natives. The damaging effects of smallpox is often considered an example of biological warfare. Another aspect contributing to smallpox in the Americas was the slave trade because many slaves came from regions in Africa where smallpox was endemic. Smallpox affected all levels of society.
If untreated, people still can die from the plague, which in the United States occurs in the wild(“Plague Occurs”). The last urban outbreak of the plague in the United States occurred in Los Angeles in 1924 to 1925(“Plague Occurs”). Europe’s population went down quick because of the plague and it impacted tons of people(Dobson 11). 60 percent of Europe’s entire population , 50 million were killed(Benedictow). The plague impacted parts of Asia today and people are being killed by the disease.
To cite an instance, Brown University wrote, “because of illness and death workers became exceedingly scarce so even peasants felt the effects of the new rise in wages”(“social”). The population decline affected the economy in many ways. Though there were many negative consequences, there were also some positives, such as higher wages. Additionally, an excerpt from 'The Black Death’ reads “The Black Death did more than kill large numbers of people. It also altered many social customs disrupted trade, and made most people fearful of contact with strangers”(Bender 65).
Beginning with the stock market crash of 1929, the Great Depression took the country by storm. Suddenly, many people were out of jobs and unemployment skyrocketed. Wages were majorly reduced which affected home living situations causing overall devastation. This economic downfall caused chaos and a change in society as people were struggling more than ever to maintain their previous lifestyle. Money was tight so fashion became less extravagant and exotic and resources were no longer in excess, in stark contrast to the roar of the 1920’s.