“There are two ways to be fooled. One is to believe what isn 't true; the other is to refuse to believe what is true.” ― Søren Kierkegaard. This is the takeaway of the play King Oedipus by the Greek philosopher Sophocles written around 440 BC. The characters in the play are struggling to find the truth, yet blindness is a result of not the truth. Most of the characters are blinded by the facade of happiness surrounding them that until the King, Oedipus, searches for the truth about what actually happened to King Laius, that is when they uncover the real hardship underneath.
It is often said that pride comes before a down fall, but pride must first trip over the truth The downfall of Oedipus is due to flaws in his character. Throughout the play “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles, Oedipus’s character has led him to make judgements that were not in his best interest. These flaws are pride, leading to overconfidence and having poor judgement. Oedipus character also show determination which throughout the play also became a flaw as well. The character of Oedipus is ruled by fate.
They are both flawed in their excessive pride, or hubris. This flaw is pointed out by many in the play, but only one character fits all the traits of a true tragic hero. Creon has a tragic flaw which leads to his downfall, and he realizes his faults in the end. Although Antigone has a very tragic ending, she does not fit all the traits of a tragic hero. Antigone's tragic flaw made her refuse to stop what she planned to do, even if death was the consequence.
The notion of challenging the state and more importantly, those in authority has not been a prevalent form of action in society. The principal reason can be attributed to the complex theme of “civic versus personal loyalties” (Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica). This theme has been an essential part of human civilization and Sophocles illuminates this in his renowned play, Antigone. Within the play, Antigone as a representative of the private persons comes into direct conflict with public power. Her audacity to correct the irrationalities that violate her moral code displays those in society who are willing to feud with the state.
After this exchange, Danforth began a trial to hold Cory accountable for his response, or lack thereof. Giles knew his reputation would be shattered if he gave up one or more of his friends for his own safety. Cory’s dignity and pride also would not allow him to respond yes or no to an accusation saying he practiced witchcraft. Giles decided not to give the court any satisfaction for his arrest by giving in to the accusations or denying them and hanging for it. Either way he could have answered would have killed him, morally or physically, so he didn’t answer.
Maybe Odysseus could have banished them all from the palace. He did attempt, while still in the disguise of the beggar, to convince them to leave things up to the Gods, but they did not listen. They continued to eat and drink in the palace, and give gifts to Penelope. If they had chosen to leave, there would be no assurance that they would not form an army and come back to kill him. These men who were courting Penelope were once loyal to Odysseus, and now they are trying to take his wife, along with everything Odysseus has.
For Arthur, he would not listen to the prophecies and try to forge his own path, not accept the future. “I will go to King Lodegreaunce and tell him that you are in love with Gwynever” (Arthur Marries), Merlin stated. Arthur sent Merlin anyways, even though she would never love him. King Uther would listen to Merlin's prophecies. When Uther was sick and his kingdom was overrun Merlin stated, “they could be checked only
In Sophocles's Antigone he makes it seem like the characters are defying the rules of the gods. Characters in the story seem to be branching out, and choosing their own fate. Creon defied the rules of the gods, and refused to allow Polyneices to be buried. Antigone defied the kind, and buried Polyneices. Antigone also chose her own fate by hanging herself in the tomb.
Oedipus the King, by Sophocles, is really a story about the necessity of placing more faith in others and their counsel than in oneself and one’s own beliefs. Repeatedly the titular character is pleaded with to listen to and accept the advice of those around him and each time he refuses to obey. Ultimately, Oedipus’ tendency to do perform the actions he would prefer to do rather than to allow his family to help guide him leads to his downfall and loss of the throne. A common characteristic of Greek tragedy is the “fatal flaw” of the main character and how this flaw leads to the character’s misfortune. Classical Studies professor, Peter T. Struck, argues that Oedipus’ “basic flaw is his lack of knowledge about his own identity.
However, prophecies are not that clear. The prophecy does not specifically mentions birth parents. Prophecies can go any way and are not in any way clear. The prophecy said, “‘You are fated to couple with your mother...you will kill your father, the one who give you life!’’ (294). While most people assume, Laius and Jocasta are the biological parents, they gave him life; there is another interpretation.
I decree that he be driven from every house, being, as he is, corruption itself to us: the Delphic Voice of Zeus has pronounced this revelation. Thus I associate myself with the oracle and take the side of the murdered king" (168.20-28). Oedipus is telling the people of Thebes not to accept the king 's murderer, when in truth they already have. Since he is the man he is looking for, it is impossible to tell if he will go through with his word and kill the true "murderer" as he says in his soliloquy. The sole credit that Sophocles had given Oedipus is when he begins to piece the different stories together.