Throughout history, women have had to fight against stigma and stereotypes in society. In every era, from the ancient world to present day, females have been persecuted and taken advantage of due to their gender. In our previous set of readings, the female protagonists were strong characters who defied weak stereotypes, but were still viewed as lesser beings than men. In our second group of readings, where were written more recently, women saw a slight increase in their sovereignty. All depict women as powerful figures who use their wits to make a better life for themselves.
Even if the Mayans also made temples, it was more extraordinary to see how the Aztecs had absolutely nothing but were able to work with what they had. At the same time, the Aztec had an advanced system for writing and keeping records. The Aztecs used hieroglyphics just like Egyptians, but there 's were a little different. Aztecs writing, “...had three primary functions, namely to mark calendrical dates, to record accounting mathematical calculations, and to write names of people and places”(Lawrence Lo, 2012). This was different than everybody else 's writing because they didn 't have an actual alphabet.
In Indian society, woman occupies a vital position and honoured place. The Vedas glorified women as the mother, the creator, one who gives life and worshipped her as a ‘Devi' or Goddess. But their glorification was rather mythical for at the same time, in India women found herself totally suppressed and subjugated in a patriarchal society. Male violence against women are worldwide phenomenon. Fear of violence is an important factor in the lives of most women.
Similar to all religions, ancient Egypt’s was complex. It changed over the eras from one that accentuated local deities into a general religion with a smaller number of primary deities. There wasn’t a sole belief system, but the Egyptians shared a public understanding about the conception of the world and the chance of deteriorating to chaos if the destructive forces of the
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq, were two civilizations that shaped the way with regards to the religious, public works, and government aspects of our lives. They showed how to act in order to be successful. Many of the acts that were performed in ancient times are still done today. There are many aspects that go into a civilization, but the three that were really significant in the ancient civilizations of Egypt and different Mesopotamian civilizations were the similarities and differences between the religious, public works, and governmental aspects. When archeologists look at two different civilizations they often use the skill of comparison.
Pandora is the story that indicates women as a source of justice in Hesiod’s perspective. Pandora is the mortal female who sent by the god “Zeus” to punish humans. Zeus was anger when seeing people not giving him honor, so he sent a beautiful girl with a jar full of evil, sickness, and death. Once she opened the jar, mortality was disappeared. Through this example, we can conclude that Hesiod illustrates that Pandora herself has strength, a mind, and a voice letting her bring evils for humanity.
Colonial Period documents and archaeology shed light on different domains of Inca life. Over the last few decades, anthropology has divided empires into a core and periphery approach. The core is viewed as the economic, political, and cultural heartland of the empire and has a heavy reliance on documentary record as the main source of information. The periphery is comprised of the societies that are dominated and exploited by the core and understood best by archeology (D’Altroy, 2015, p.9). Written documents are very beneficial because they provide data and explanations from numerous individuals revealing information, attitudes, and motivations on a more personable level.
The women in this epic are shown as either one extreme or the other with no in between. Either obedient virgins who run from the gods in the fear of getting raped, or vengeful and malicious women who are in the hunt for revenge. A prominent theme in metamorphoses is that these women in fact do not have an in-between state, just one extreme or the other. Ovid also uses this as a great contrast between different female characters in each of his books. This can be seen in the contrast between Io, the water nymph who is taken and raped by Jove against her will, and Juno the vengeful goddess who takes her revenge on Io.
Helen is lured by a goddess, a temptation that was impossible to resist. Bella who craves love after being dumped, finds comfort in Jacob. However, she runs to Edward once she knows where she can find him. The “tall goddess among women” (XV. 137) commits adultery and starts the Trojan war. Had she known that her husband was coming for her, would she have had an affair?
We are introduced to Ishtar, the goddess of love, fertility and war; Ninsun, the mother of Gilgamesh; Utnapishtim, the goddess of creation; and Shamat, the temple harlot. All of these women play a vital role in the story, but it’s important to note that none of them are regular commoners. These women are portrayed as goddesses, mortals with a high social status, or objects. One of most important women in the story is Shamat because she tames the wild beast in Endiku converting him into a civilized man and later he become Gilgamesh’s companion. She is sent by Gilgamesh to use her sensual charms to lure Endiku away from the animals so they reject him and so the hunter can do his job.
She arranged the body back together, and using her magical skills, brought Osiris back to life, although he was in the body of a hawk. Isis then slept with Osiris and gave birth to Horus. Following that, Osiris died yet again and became the ruler of the underworld. Egyptians referred to the underworld as Osiris. Isis, a single mother, cared for Horus with great affection.
The Epic of Gilqaiiieh is a story of tragedy and conquer. The main character, Gilgamesh, was always seen as a god, powerful and strong, and "perfect", yet if you look closely into his stories you can spot many human acts being shown throughout his adventures. From physical acts, to Pure human emotions, and lastly over blown historical figures. Gilgamesh, couldn't possibly have been even remotely god like. First off, physical acts.