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Fertile Crescent Essays

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    Fertile Crescent History

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    Fertile Crescent: A region of the east where humans first took up agriculture and established large-scale settlements. The reason they’re important is because Grains provided a reliable source of food that was suitable for consumption when raw by soaking in water. Also the discovery of beer was made using these grains as well which is why this is so important in the history of beer. The Fertile Crescent was discovered around 10,000 BCE. Chica: Incas offered beer, Chicha, to the rising sun in a golden

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    population, social classes, and the rise of civilization began to form during the Agricultural Revolution, consequently changing life of the Neolithic human. Scholars suggest that agriculture started over 10,000 years ago in an area called the Fertile Crescent, in what we now called the Middle East. The environmental change in the Near East was quite successful, providing, necessary weather conditions for certain types of agriculture .Human migration was the result, of the ending of the ice age. The

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    geographical luck, domestication of animals, and worldwide expansion of ideals allowed for these civilizations to continue forward. Diamond’s main theory revolves around the geographical luck of certain civilizations. For example, the Middle East’s Fertile Crescent is presumed to be one of the world’s first regions where hunter and gatherers settled down. Diamonds

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    1. According to Standage, how did the Fertile Crescent get its name? As described by Standage, the Fertile Crescent was “a happy accident of geography.” After the Ice Age, the melting glaciers provided very fertile soil in this area from modern day Egypt up the Mediterranean Coast to the border of Iraq and Iran. It provided plentiful food collected by the hunter-gatherers. The hunter-gatherers didn't only hunt the animals and gather the plants that were available here but also made good use of the

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    The Epic of Gilgamesh gives a lot of insight to what was happening and what was expected in ancient Mesopotamia. The epic poem which revolves around a king, includes many details in to the civilization, beliefs, and values of the Mesopotamians. The king thrives to be remembered and many of his actions reflect that. The Epic of Gilgamesh show how an ideal heroic king should be in ancient Mesopotamia. The first thing it shows us is that hero kings should be strong. They must be strong because they

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    Cuneiform script - Cuneiform writing is thought to have been the first script in human history. It originated in the area of Mesopotamia and was used by many civilizations. The word cuneiform is derived from the Latin word cuneus, meaning wedge. The definition of cuneiform is, “denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets.” Cuneiform writing, is a script that utilizes wedge

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    crucial starting point for civilizations mainly because it was the period in which agriculture was discovered, successfully practiced, and acknowledged by many other societies as it spread to other regions of the world from its starting point in the fertile Middle East. Although it is referred to as a “revolution,” the progression from mobile hunting and gathering groups to more complex, stationary farming societies took thousands of years before finally becoming an essential base for many large societies

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    1. What important changes were brought about by the Neolithic Revolution (name six)? The Neolithic period was the start of the new age, 11,00BCE-4000BCE and it brought changes like the production of food surplus, domestication of animals, trade, agriculture and the process of stone tools. 2. What key technological and intellectual innovations did the people of Mesopotamia pioneer (name four)? Mesopotamia was the start of the western civilization and the people pioneered the wheel, writing, religion

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    Chapter Review (pg. 6-29) A: Human migration across the globe was the complete spread of the human species over much of the earth’s surface. The species began in eastern Africa; most types of humans come from this region, in the present day countries of Tazmania, Kenya, and Uganda. Main discoveries, especially fire and the use of animal skins for clothing-both of which allowed people to live in colder climates-facilitated the spread of Paleolithic groups. The first people moved out of Africa about

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    Geographic Location and Ancient Civilization Advanced technologies, large populations, and a well organized work force are three very important aspects that make civilizations great. Planet Earth has gone through many different climatic changes over the past thousands of years, and each time civilizations have adapted and thrived. So, the main question is, how did geographic location help shape ancient civilization? Around 13,000 years ago Middle Easterners were thriving in their environments.

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    Mesopotamia Civilization

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    Mesopotamia had many great writings considering their location wasn 't exactly ideal for a growing civilization. Since it was in the fertile crescent, the land was seen as very valuable, and other civilizations wanted to have the agriculture for their own. There was also no natural obstacle to keep it safe, no mountains, desert, ocean, etc, so it was very susceptible to invasion. The Iron Age, occurring from 1000 to 500 BCE, was a time in a rise and fall of many empires, all of which manipulated

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    Gilgamesh Origin

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    Mesopotamia is known for its rivers Euphrates and Tigris Rivers which are divided into two. It also started out in approximately, 3500 B.C.E TO 1500 B.C.E. Its rivers are divided between the mountains of eastern Anatolia. This led an author by the name of Herbert Mason to write about the journey of Gilgamesh developing throughout Mesopotamia and how he survived without his friend Enkidu after he died. Gilgamesh is one of the oldest recorded stories in the world of an ancient king of Uruk. Gilgamesh

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    The Mesopotamian Architectural form is ancient architecture of the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system also known as Mesopotamia, when the first permanent structures were created. Among the Mesopotamian architectural achievements are the development of the ziggurats, which were huge pyramidal temple towers; the courtyard house, and urban planning. There was no profession of Architecture in Mesopotamia; but, managing construction for the government, the noble and the royal was done by scribes

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    The Aqueduct of Segovia is one of the oldest and most intact Aqueducts worldwide. Segovia itself is located in the middle of Spain, just one hour away from Madrid. Aqueducts are structures made in the Roman Empire to transport water to valleys or cities without direct water supply. This elaborate system was the most important tool to keep the hygiene level of the cities good. Partly because the water from Aqueducts was the only water without contamination but also because it was free of human waste

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    Cole and Ortega’s The Thinking Past is a book that covers the history of humans and civilization. The authors cover the transition of humans from a hunter-gatherer life into a sedentary life, forming the civilizations we know today. This transition can be witnessed through the character, Enkidu, in The Epic of Gilgamesh. Enkidu—a glorified forager—is created by the gods to keep the King of Uruk, Gilgamesh, in check. Enkidu is forced into civilization after being disowned by nature for sleeping with

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    Introduction It was near the end of 18th century that the geographical map of the world was fully navigated as a result of European exploration that initiated a series of changes to the global system today. The exploration started in the early 15th century with the Portuguese discoveries of Atlantic archipelagos and Africa, all the way to the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus in 1492, followed by the major exploration of the various parts of the world by European explorers. To the European

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    Destruction is part of every kind of flood story. No matter if it’s literary or current events. In Gilgamesh the city of Uruk was wiped out caused by a flood , in Genesis, God blotted out all existence on earth, in current events in Louisiana and Iowa destruction is wiping out homes, business , and leaving some dead. Now I’m going to give you some background knowledge on these stories. During The Epic of Gilgamesh the story starts by introducing the deeds of the great hero Gilgamesh. He was an oppressive

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    The Sumer region was in Mesopotamia, which is now the current Iraq. This area is very famous due to writing which was the cuneiform script on the clay tablets. The systematic record keeping, the plow, which was the agricultural development. Social and economic organization was also a well known factor, followed by, units of time which was the division of a day into 24 hours as well as one hour into 60 minutes. Also, mainly because of the settlement that took place there. This means that the area

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    John E. Hartley Analysis

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    STRUCTURE AND UNITY Leviticus is often considered a work of several authors over a long period of time, mostly during the exile of Israel in Babylonia. There are several proposal dates for these incest laws. On the one hand, according to John E. Hartley, the suggestion varies between scholars. He points a few proposals: “Elliger locates the old kernel in a nomadic era.” Then he adds, “Kilian and Reventlow assign the laws to the wilderness period.” While, “Bigger believes that the decrees govern

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    ‘The Epic of Gilgamesh’ takes place in ancient Mesopotamia, which is a Greek for “between two rivers” because it is located between the river of Tigris and the Euphrates River. Mesopotamia is where one the earliest urban civilizations, so the inhabitants of that area are sophisticated and enterprising. The story in the Epic starts in Uruk, which is a very vividly described in the 17 lines that follow the first 8 lines of the Epic. “In Uruk he built walls, a great rampart, and the temple of blessed

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