Brendan C Lindsay author of Murder State writes about the early stage of California the violence that occurred, genocide of native people in the time era of 1846 to 1873. There are two claims that Lindsay makes in the book about the violence towards the native people and the genocide created by democracy of the Euro Americans. He demonstrates these two arguments by first the Euro Americans coming into the native people’s territory and taking it away from them and also the democracy that killed all the innocent native Indians.
In Lindsay’s book Murder state there are three sections to the book “Imaging Genocide”, “Perpetuating Genocide” and “Supporting Genocide”. Within these three sections there is violence, democracy, genocide and the formation …show more content…
Euro Americans perceived native people, as less than human, they learned about native people through books, and articles in the newspaper, they created their own impression without even knowing who they really were. Native people were also referred to be savage animals and if Euro Americans came across native people because they were to meet with them on their way to California, they had to be cautious, fear and guard against the hostile Indians. Lindsay states that genocide was not something that was created at that time in history but before California, it was started in the Mid -West and East. “The core belief created within many Euro-American’s that this was the essential nature of Indians was the foundational step to genocide in California” (40). Genocide was a big factor when it came to forming the state’s democracy and economic development. Lindsay states in his book about genocide “rather than a government orchestrating a population to bring about the genocide of a group, the population orchestrated a government to a destroy a group” …show more content…
As well as how the process started to evolve for the Euro-Americans in democracy. At this time period gold had been discovered and a lot of people were coming to California, the wealthy by ship and others by land. Euro Americans at this time didn’t have any other type of resources so finding the gold was how they were going to make money, but Native Americans had farming, mining and grazing that helped them. All that the Euro Americans needed to get started was a little bit of capital, or an ax or some cattle brought over or bought from the California Rancheros. With the gold being discovered Euro Americans found a way that drove them to genocide, they figured that they were able to take control of land and resources from native people to themselves. Since they still had thought of Native people as savages and wild animals, this encouraged genocide even more in order to justify it. “By employing traditional practices and institutions, such as community cooperation, democratic decision making, and republican representation, small communities of Euro-Americans learned they could effectively exterminate native Americans legally, efficiently and profitably”
When European nations discovered the vast new world in the western hemisphere, it sparked many unfortunate and unforeseen events that almost lead to the eradication of the people whom already called this “New World” their home. The article, Were American Indians the Victims of Genocide? Guenter Lewy clearly explains how the deaths of the American Indians cannot be classified as genocide since it did not represent the U. S’s goal; however, the intent of genocide did exist amongst certain groups of people. Depending on how it is looked upon, the argument about whether the deaths of the American Indians could be considered genocide all boils down to which group of people did the killings. To be able to grasp and understand if American Indians
Q1: A. According to Las Casas, the Spaniards had one influence that encouraged such acts of cruelty and that was greed. The Spaniards wanted gold. As much gold as they could get their hands on. Las Casas stated that by becoming rich so fast, the Spaniards hoped that this would lead to a “rise to a high estate disproportionate to their merits” (3).
Rather than offering liberty and opportunity to all, American California quickly became a land of Anglo-American tyranny toward non-Anglos. Even the overland paths that Anglo-Americans used to rush to California proved severely detrimental to the Native Americans who were once “in between.” The paths that connected east and west cut directly through lands crucial to Native American life. In addition, the demand for a connected American East and West disqualified the previous idea of a permanent Native lands – pushing Natives further to the peripheries of both physical and social space in America. The paths that divided Native lands also brought disease and destruction to the land and its Native people of the Great Plains.
This can be seen when observing how influential Native attacks against Spanish authorities were in response to numerous levels of violence against Native communities that did not follow Spanish practices wholeheartedly in the missions. For example, in the article “Conjugal Violence, Sex, Sin, and Murder in the Mission Communities of Alta California”, it is said that during the period between 1795 and 1824, Natives were committing acts of violence against Spanish authorities through the courts and through physical acts of violence in order to shift the balance of power in the systems (McCormack, 410). Mistreatment of the Indian communities by the Spanish caused a change in loyalty by the Natives and caused them to overthrow the existing system that produced consequences for the Spanish missions because they lost much political and economic
Why and how did it occur? Fourth graders in California’s public school system are taught a very cleaned up version of history regarding the California missions. The brutality of the mission system is not mentioned or described at the missions or in classrooms. However, the California Missions were such a brutal system that effectively was responsible for the mass genocide of the Indigenous tribes in California. Violence was a
It goes like this; immigrants would make the trek to California with big hopes, only to be let down when they find the gold wasn’t as easy to find as they thought. They would then get jobs in the fast growing cities. Negatively, this did cause troubles for the Native Americans as it exploited them. The Native Americans fell victim to genocidal attacks, starvation, and diseases. In 25 years from 1845-1870, it is estimated that the Indian population in California fell from 150,000 people to about 30,000.
Throughout the time of the California Gold Rush, the population of the western states bloomed which encouraged ethnic diversity and cultural spread. One of the different cultural groups were the European immigrants who experience many different experiences compared to the other groups. White settlers and the other people the brought with them were another group that traveled to the West during this time period. Finally, the Chinese immigrants experienced different treatment compared to the other immigration groups. The many groups that migrated to California all experienced different lifestyles and affected other groups of people.
The North and South American settlers viewed the Native population with the same relationship goal in mind; to enslave them and earn riches and glory along the way. The North American settlers didn't come from Europe with friendly intentions, rather to become more wealthy and powerful. They wanted more land as well, to add to their resources. “The settlers has appeared on the scene with two objectives in mind with regards to the Indians: secure their land and convert them to Christianity.”
Native Californians who lived in missions and presidios, and in surrounding villages found themselves faced with harsh violence inflicted by Spaniard men, and the Catholic Church. One of the justification for the violence that is inflicted on the Native people is justified by Antonia I. Castaneda as the cost of war. He argues that Native Californian women were raped because “sexual violence functioned as an institutional mechanism”(p61). Native Californian women are seen as property of the Native men. Thus, being defined as property justifies the rape as natural form of aggression against of the enemy, and ultimately their territory.
In the California Genocide, 100,000 Native Americans were killed between the years of 1848 and 1868. Perhaps the biggest impact however was the creation of the California state. On September 9, 2017, California’s population had grown large enough to become assimilated into the US’s territory, causing it to further exponentially grow and develop into
If Native Americans were not compliant, Americans would murder them. Although Manifest Destiny was seen as an inevitable movement among Americans and resulted in the formation of the American West in the Nineteenth century, it was truthfully an act of invasion and subjugation against peoples who had settled the land for hundreds of years earlier. Manifest Destiny led to an obvious upsurge in racial
As is evident in the Native American genocide, indifference is the failure to take action, which then allows racial superiority and brutal acts to take place. The American settlers were the reason as to why the genocide began. According to “Atrocities Against Native Americans”, this genocide began because,” European expansion into North
When the Europeans began colonizing the New World, they had a problematic relationship with the Native Americans. The Europeans sought to control a land that the Natives inhabited all their lives. They came and decided to take whatever they wanted regardless of how it affected the Native Americans. They legislated several laws, such as the Indian Removal Act, to establish their authority. The Indian Removal Act had a negative impact on the Native Americans because they were driven away from their ancestral homes, forced to adopt a different lifestyle, and their journey westwards caused the deaths of many Native Americans.
Sydney Cooper Professor Seekatz History 017A 21 February 2018 FEEDBACK REQUESTED: Spanish Colonization and Its Lack of Progress Father Luis Jayme’s critique of the Spanish Soldiers Behavior, written in 1772, accentuates the little success Spanish colonization had made due to the maltreatment and lack of trust between the Spanish soldiers and the Natives, along with faultiness in religious customs. The relationship between the Spanish settlers and the Native Indians was brutal and unstable. The Spanish desired the California land and saw it to be ideal to try and colonize, but in order to do so, they had to overcome and intervene with the daily life of the Native Indians whom already called this territory home. Instead of trying to create a positive relationship with the Natives, the Spanish went in and demanded for what they wanted. The soldiers were cruel to the Natives, and used rape and obstruction of their land in doing so.
Often in American history, the nation’s faults are not fully realized until decades afterwards. There have been multiple instances where Americans believed they were acting under noble ideals, that are later regretted. Historian Patricia Limerick used the term ‘Empire of Innocence’ in her 2006 book The Legacy of Conquest: The Unbroken Past of the American West, to reference how American settlers moving West ignored the atrocities they were committing on the natives, and instead how settler’s perceived “innocence of intention placed the course of events in a positive light” . But this concept of ‘Empire of Innocence’ is not merely limited to the settlement of the West, as this ideology is found throughout the nation’s history, even today. America