The Jungle by Upton Sinclair follows the life of Lithuanian immigrant Jurgis Rudkus and his family living in Chicago. Jurgis finds work at Brown's slaughterhouse and there he endures harsh working conditions as well as his family members. Ultimately he and family suffer many tragedies related to their work environments. While this book is a work of fiction it mirrors real life. The Jungle was published in 1906 during the Gilded Age. The book was meant to show the deplorable working conditions that factory workers faced during this time, but instead the readers focused on the unsanitary conditions of the meat packing plants, which led to the creation of the FDA. Sinclair (1906) states “I aimed at the public’s heart, and by accident I hit the …show more content…
Sinclair (1906) reveals that there were pacemakers that “speed up the gang” and “if any man could not keep up with the pace, there were hundreds outside begging to try” (p. 47). Sinclair (1906) also states that union members wanted to “put a stop to the habit of ‘speeding up’; they were trying their best to force a lessening of the pace, for there were some, they said, who could not keep up with it, whom it was killing” (p. 48). According to Norton et al. (2008) “The slightest mistake on high-speed machinery could be serious, if not fatal, and accidents occurred often, killing hundreds of thousands each year” (p. 540). There was so much pressure to keep their jobs that workers would comply to working the hazardous machines. Even the best worker is prone to make mistakes, but for the workers operating these machines making a mistake was disastrous. This was the price the workers had to pay to make a living, they had to gamble their own life in order to make low wages that could not even support their own …show more content…
Perry and Smith (2006) state that “there was no safety oversight in factories and no workers’ compensation or accident insurance” (p. 188). The Jungle does an excellent job at exposing just how unsafe the workplace really was. Sinclair (1906) notes that the “men who worked in the cooking rooms , in the midst of steam and sickening odors, by artificial light; in these rooms the germs of tuberculosis might live for two years, but the supply was renewed every hour” and that the men “who worked in tank rooms full of steam, and in some of which there were open vats near the level of the floor, their particular was that they fell into the vats; and when they were fished out, there was never enough of them left to be worth exhibiting” (p. 82). With no safety measures or oversight taken to protect the workers from potentially serious injuries, the workers were left up to fate as to whether or not they got mangled or not. Having to work in an environment where someone could easily get tuberculosis is deadly and back then before the vaccine, getting tuberculosis was a death sentence. Also, working near open vats were a worker could easily fall in and die is no place for someone to work, but for the workers during the time this was the only
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Unsafe working conditions plagued next to, if not, all factories during industrialization. Thousands of workers grew ill or suffered injuries as a consequence of their labor, and would yield their jobs, surrendering their source of income. Taken in the early 1900s, “Lewis Hine’s picture depicts two children working on a very dangerous machine” (Document 8). The matter that children were allowed to manage these machines is awful enough, ignoring just how dangerous the machines were. In addition to this, the children did not appear to be well supervised, which made it all too easy for a disastrous injury to occur.
After reading “The Jungle” by Upton Sinclair, Theodore Roosevelt passed a few acts to ensure a safer and sanitary environment where livestock is slaughtered and processed. “The Jungle” shows the working class and their lack of social support, the loss of hope among the workers and unsanitary working and living conditions, for example, working environments were covered in blood, meat scraps, and dirty water. The book follows a man as he observes the meat industry as its horrific faults. He noticed the workers lost their fingers in the meat and the workers used bathrooms next to where the meat was processed occasionally doing their business on the floor. There was a chapter describing the meat being piled on the floor carrying sawdust, dead rats,
The Jungle, written by Upton Sinclair, is about a Lithuanian family that travels to Chicago in pursuit of the American Dream. When writing this novel, Sinclair sought to build support for the Socialist Party and the working class. In preparation for writing The Jungle, Sinclair spent weeks in Chicago’s meat packing plants to study the lives of its stockyard workers. When the novel was first published, readers were more concerned with the health standards and conditions in which the meat was processed rather than the socialist message that Sinclair intended. The Jungle is also often associated with the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act both in 1906, the year the novel was published (Source A).
The Jungle by Upton Sinclair was published in 1906 in New York. In this heart-wrenching novel by Upton Sinclair, a Lithuanian hard-working man, Jurgis Rudkus, goes through various hardships after he emigrated to the United States. The Jungle confronts real issues in the new United States with a unique approach of the cycle of despair from capitalism, and the harm of the grotesque sanitary conditions of the meat-packing industry. In Chapters 18-19, Jurgis Rudkus gets released from jail after serving 30 days for the assault of Ona’s boss, Phil Connor. Connor sexually assaulted and harassed Ona.
There was still no care for safety, no one watching them, and terrible pay. (artifact 4) Factory owners did not care about the quality or safety of the things they were making. (artifact 3) Most people lived in overcrowded cities. They could be unhealthy, dirty, and most people were very poor. (artifact 1) Most political bosses were known to be corrupt.
The 19th century was the era of the Gilded Age, where the economy was booming, bringing great changes that affected the lives of workers and entrepreneurs. During this period, there was a large influx of immigrants that were coming to America to look for job opportunities. The migration of immigrants proved useful as a source for cheap labor, allowing an even higher rise in the U.S. economy. While American industrialization may have benefited the upper class of the American society, the effects were opposite to the workers of the lower classes. This problem was especially worse for immigrant workers as their belief in the so-called American dream has been worn down due to the misery they had to endure.
The factories were also not heated or cooled so the workers would get very hot or very cold. Back then there were no laws to protect the lives of the workers and most of the time the factory owners cared meore about the making of money than the employies which also didn’t help with the saftey issues. There were
Revealing the harsh treatment of meatpacking workers and showing the reality of the disgusting conditions found in butchery shops to the public, Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle became an enduring classic by American readers throughout the early twentieth century the prompted the later creation of the Federal Drug Administration. In the early 1900s, America was explosively transitioning from an agricultural society to a thriving manufacturing-based nation. As production demand in factories grew throughout the country, the work force needed to run those factories also expanded. A new type of demanding and dangerous work became prevalent throughout the nation, as immigrants coming into the “Land of Opportunity” found themselves desperate
The American workplace before the Progressive Era was an abysmal and dangerous environment. Safety measures that, today, we would think of as obvious were not mandatory before the reforms began. After major disasters like the Triangle Factory fire, in which over a hundred women were killed, reforms were put into place that put more emphasis on safety in the workplace. These changes included basic things like readily available fire extinguishers and access to emergency exits.
In early 1900, specifically, 1906, The Jungle by Upton Sinclair was written. This novel told the story of a Lithuanian immigrant who worked in a filthy Chicago meatpacking plant. It exposed the meatpacking industry by stating their vile practices not only towards their meat but their workers as well. This was a result of the combination of many immigrants in the United States to pursue a better life, and the fact that many big industries were looking for ways to maximize their profit.
Beauty Doesn’t Come from within a Silk Factory Machines rumbling, tears falling, hands aching, this was the plight of the Japanese silk workers, during the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution came to Japan in the 1800’s, according to the background essay reading: “The Industrial Revolution had a quiet beginning but by the mid-1800s the movement from farm to factory was producing an all-out ruckus - Steam engines belching, gears grinding, conveyor belts slapping. This was true in Europe, in America, and beginning in the 1880s, it was true in Japan,” (Silk Factories: DBQ: Background). During this time, many women were employed in silk factories. These jobs didn’t pay well and the conditions were poor.
Upton Sinclair portrays the economic tension in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries through his novel “The Jungle”. He used the story of a Lithuanian immigrant, Jurgis Rudkus, to show the harsh situation that immigrants had to face in the United States, the unsanitary and unsafe working conditions in the meatpacking plants, as well as the tension between the capitalism and socialism in the United States during the early 1900s. In the late 19th century and early 20th centuries, there were massive immigrants move into the United States, and most of them were from Europe. The protagonist, Jurgis Rudkus, like many other immigrants, have the “America Dream” which they believe America is heaven to them, where they can
But alas, most workers were in dangerous jobs, and a lot were hurt or killed. Working conditions were so bad, that labor organizations were formed, and strikes and protests began to have the government to step in and help the average american. Paragraph 2: With urbanization, corporations and companies looked for ways to cut corners, or increase their profit margin. This lead to some safety issues.
The workers were often subjected to sweltering heat in the summer and frigid conditions in the winter. But, that was not it, at the time there were no laws in place that required businesses to ensure their employees' safety, and this regularly lead to many injuries and fatalities in the workplace on a daily basis. There was not a single work place that did not have injured or mutilated employees, and this was due to the unsafe working conditions of the factories, “Let a man so much as scrape his finger pushing a truck in the pickle-rooms, and he might have a sore that would put him out of the world; all the joints in his fingers might be eaten by the acid, one by one… There were men who worked in the cooking rooms… in these rooms the germs of tuberculosis might live for two years, but the supply was renewed every hour.” (109).