In The Clouds, Aristophanes suggests that traditional values are right, so Athens and the rest of the world should keep the ‘old’ ways and not get blinded by the corruption of the youth. In the drama, Aristophanes has the character Right favor tradition, to show that older values and more just. Right starts his speech to Pheidippides with, “I’ll tell about the ways boys were brought up in the old days -- the days when I was all the rage and it was actually fashionable to be decent” (152). Right argues that decency was popular in the old days and it no longer is. Right suggests that it is now fashionable to be disrespectful and immoral.
In this regard, Hobbes believed that by their nature, people were selfish but the perspective of Locke was different. He believed that the human beings are good by nature and reasonable and therefore they can self-regulate themselves. However, as a result of these differences, these two philosophers have different outlooks regarding what should be an ideal government. But despite these differences, both of these philosophers had a significant impact on the modern society and has held in changing the world.
The fact that one has the right to say and believe is the foundation for democracy to function. If no one dared to say their opinions, then it had become a dictatorship where only one opinion on how society and the country should work had been the “right”. If people dared to express their opinions, they will help improving the society one lives. Freedom of speech gives one the responsibility to consider what fits into different contexts, and it will make us better persons and people. Simply, people will feel safe in the society they live in.
Economic writer Stephen Moore claimed that the original and traditional American concept of equality as "equality under the law” means that the same rules apply to all, not the same results (29). He states that it isn’t possible to have a classless society because it hinders the economic prosperity of the nation. “Equality of rules ensures that all enjoy the same freedom of contract, which empowers them to maximize value and production, and plan investment knowing they can rely on their agreed contractual rights.” (Moore 29). He basically states that competition encourages the advancement of a nation and the equality under law allows for all to have the opportunity to contribute. He clearly understood Vonnegut’s work to be an attack against communism as he uses it in his argument against equalizing legislature
From the Apology, Plato shows how Socrates was unyielding in his morals. Any sensible person would have taken the choice to evade death and accepted the ignorant life was the best. However, Socrates defies this by stating the conjecture to the court that to fall to the swift wickedness is worse than death. With this, Plato is defining the logic of Socrates soul is right rather than the evident fact of what the court laws describe. In his passage of Crito, Plato examines the thought of honor in following through one’s own promise.
John Stuart Mill, born London 1806 was an influential moral and political philosopher. His philosophy which aims for reform rather than revolution formed the basis of British Victorian Liberalism. Struck by the elegant simplicity principle of “the greatest happiness for the greatest number” Mill quickly became an advocate of how utilitarianism might be applied in the real world. By creating an “indissoluble association” between the individual’s happiness and the good of society, one established a community where all individuals were allowed the freedom to pursue happiness. In Mill’s writing On Liberty chapter two “Of the liberty of thought and discussion” Mill sets out an important argument for freedom of speech in which a state without “the liberty of thought and discussion” was one in which the individual could not pursue happiness.
Does Rousseau’s Du Contrat Social signal the advent of modern democratic republicanism? Or does it represent a dangerous recipe for the suppression of individual human freedom? “Man was born free, and he is everywhere in chains” is almost definitely Rousseau’s most well known quotation (I chp I, Rousseau cited in Keens- Soper, 1988, p.173). However, Rousseau’s ‘Du Contrat Social’ would not necessarily end this phenomena through modern democratic republicanism but may indeed represent a dangerous recipe for the suppression of human freedom. This essay will examine these possibilities with reference to Keen-Soper’s chapter ‘Jean-Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract’.
Upholding the freedom of speech, though, requires that responsibility and restraint be practiced by the government, the people, and the individual. Admittedly, keeping the delicate balance of freedom of speech and governmental regulation can prove to be tough work for the leaders of America, especially in light of the many advances made toward online communication. Everyday our government is faced with questions regarding how much speech can/should be censored, who decides what words are lawful and which are not, and at what point does protecting one person_Ñés freedom of speech begin to pose a threat to the life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness of other citizens. Personally, I endorse the
The definition of freedom has changed over history. The enlightenment, and imperialism affected the way we see freedom today. Imperialism did sway the freedom back to the past ways, but the outcome of imperialism taught us that it is not a good idea. The world is more free than it was in the past, because of the ideas of the enlightenment and imperialism, which made the modern day world more free. The Enlightenment made the world become more free because of the ideas that were spread during the time period.
Sartre, an existentialist philosopher from the twentieth century, claims that humans create their own meaning in life by means of their free choices. He supports this claim with the assumption that a God does not exist. John Stuart Mill, an earlier philosopher, was a proponent of the idea of utilitarianism; the idea that human beings should work to maximize overall happiness and wellbeing. In this paper, I will discuss these two theories and how their combination can potentially create a satisfactory moral theory. Central to Sartre’s idea of humans creating their own meaning by free choice is his assumption of the non-existence of God, one which was popular after World War II.