However when the Great Depression hit “Americans immediately calling in foreign loans”1. Therefore this meant that the banks of Germany had to give America their money back; taking the German peoples savings, and leaving them financially ruined as they had to collect all of their money from their debtors. This led Germany to a financial crisis. Furthermore, this source has also highlighted other points that have helped Hitler to rise to power, such as, “hyperinflation”1, “propaganda”1, “Hitler was a gifted speaker”1, and, “the Treaty of Versailles”1. Arguably, the Treaty of Versailles, was one of the main points that Charles Hawley made, as it stated that Germany had to pay “132 billion goldmarks”1 in reparations, for the war.
Wilson had the league in place and believed that if there were any mistakes they could be corrected later. In June of 1919, the treaty of Versailles, the most important treaty of this peace meeting was ready. None of the Allies were satisfied with it. The representatives from Germany had no choice but to sign the treaty, but it would make Germany take full blame for the war. Germany would have to pay over $300 billion to the Allies for repairs and they were stripped of their overseas colonies.
One of if not the most controversial and unfair terms of the Treaty of Versailles was article 231 or the War Guilt Clause. The War Guilt Clause was the and opening article of the reparations section of the treaty. This article of the treaty stated that Germany accepts the responsibility of all the loss and damage caused by Germany and their allies which the Allied Powers had been subjected to during World War 1. Germany believed this article to be humiliating but the opposing leaders saw the article as a requirement for a basis to receive compensation from Germany. Another of the requirements of the Treaty of Versailles was the economic requirements which put strain on Germany 's already stressed economy.
It was one of the orders from the League for all countries to disarm to create peace within the nations and abolish war. Disarmament failed as the League of Nations needs were not met. The League had also failed in the same area during the 1920's, but during that time period, it was not a big matter that had to be dealt with. However, during the 1930's, the pressure increased for the League to take action upon global disarmament. Germany had already been fuming by the fact that they alone had to disarm after the First World War and all other countries had not done
America had trade routes across the Atlantic ocean which made the economy massive, However the problem was European countries cut those trade routes off with Naval Blockades. Overall the war was caused due to America's thirst for power and because of these circumstances such as the German Naval Policy which allowed America to undisputedly declare war. One of the major reasons America was influenced to declare war was America’s massive power which allowed them to imperialize and capitalize other areas overall growing America's power and economy. Imperialism was one of the ways
During the time period of 1923 to 1929, Gustav Stresemann had a very big influence over Weimar Republic. He was the chancellor of Weimar Republic for a year and then he took up other important jobs such as Germany’s Foreign Minister. Before Gustav Stresemann came into office Weimar Republic was in a very dire situation consisting of many complicating factors. The Weimar Republic faced many problems from the moment it was setup mainly due to being associated with the Treaty of Versailles. The Army blamed the government for signing the armistice that led to the Treaty of Versailles, they referred to the government as the ‘November Criminals’ and the famous stab in the back theory which suggested that Germany could have won the World War 1 if the government didn’t sign the armistice.
Alliances are nations that team up and help one another for a common goal, especially countries during a war. Alliances were designed to keep the peace, but not when rival alliances are formed (Causes of World War 1 Handout, pg 3 & 4). The Schlieffen Plan, created in 1905 by General count Alfred von Schlieffen, was a German war plan. The plan stated that Germany was to attack France then Russia to avoid war on two fronts. This of course got the French and the Russians mad so they teamed up and became apart of the alliance, the Triple Entente.
The War guilt clause, article 231 states that Germany had to pay a sum of ￡6.6 billion as war reparations, Weimar Germany was allowed to pay in the form of raw materials as opposed to actual money. In June 1921, Germany had managed to pay its first installment of the reparations of 2 billion gold marks. However, in January 1923, French and Belgian troops had invaded the Ruhr (an industrial area in Germany) to ensure payments be made, mainly because at the time Germany simply could not afford to pay the reparations due to the already rapid devaluation of the German Mark. The troops had taken over industries such as steel mills, coal mines and other industrial zones. Those who would not cooperate would be imprisoned.
The methods used include propaganda, promises, and scapegoating as well as the measures taken following the election in 1930. To begin with, in order to understand how Hitler was able to rise to power in Germany, it is important to analyze the circumstances that the country found itself in. When the Versailles Treaty was signed in 1919, Germany felt itself treated deeply unfairly. It had not been invited to the peace talks, and nearly none of the 14 points set
A war thought only to have lasted so shortly the soldiers would be home for Christmas, was one of the most devastating wars in the history of modern war. Rather than just a few month long war, World War One raged from 1914 to 1919. This war concluded with technically no winner or loser, rather, Germany sought out an armistice in an effort to end the fighting. After the conclusion of the war, the Allied nations gathered together at the Paris Peace Conference to decide the peace settlements. From this conference, The Treaty of Versailles was created.