Sometimes blame is not easy to find. The Treaty of Versailles had ended the “war to end all wars”. In it, the allied powers-- France, Britain, and America-- had come to a decision on what Germany’s punishment would be. The Germans were not fond of the agreed upon conditions since Germany no say in the treaty. Is the Treaty of Versailles to blame for World War Two?
World War 2 started on 3 September 1939. Although there were many cause for the war, like the failure of the Treaty of Versailles, threat of communism, and appeasement. Hitler and the Nazi party were the main cause, they were linked with all other causes, making them stand out as the ‘main cause’. Everything that had happened after World War 1; the Treaty of Versailles, the Great Depression, Communism and Fascism, all helped Hitler gain trust from the Germans, as he said he would ‘make Germany great again’. Starting another world war within 20 years of the ‘war that was meant to end all wars’.
Americans initially favored neutrality, but events like the sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmermann telegram provoked the U.S. to join the war in support of the Allies (Shi and Tindall 754-757). Less obvious factors, such as nationalism, imperialism, and business opportunity, also contributed to the war. The war ended in 1918 after immense bloodshed, but President Wilson failed to get the Treaty of Versailles ratified by the Senate (Shi and Tindall 773). As a result of the war, Europe was significantly weakened, harsh punishments were imposed on Germany that later led to WWII, and America emerged with a strong economy as a dominant world power (Shi and Tindall
A. The Treaty of Versailles was created as an agreement that Germany would pay for the damage that was produced during World War I. However, it might have been the most important creason of World War II. Many of the leaders saw it coming, yet they just ignored it. B.
The third reason why Germany caused World War 1 is because Germany had the opportunity to start a war that would gain them land. Germany was an industrial powerhouse, and once again Document C shows that Germany had the most money to spend on armies and navies. With Germany spending approximately 115 million British pounds, exceeding Russia 's 90 million British points spent on armaments, it can be inferred that Germany took this opportunity to start a war. Germany knew that a war would help them gain land and remove their burden. Using Austria-Hungary 's war, Germany definitely had the opportunity to side with Austria-Hungary and obtain Russia to relieve their burden.
When World War I ended, the allied powers wanted a treaty that would not cause another war. The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that ended the war between Germany and the allied powers. While at the Paris Peace Conference, Henry Cabot Lodge the Republican leader of the Senate had a suspicion of Woodrow Wilson and his treaty. Lodge agreed with the French and British in putting the burden on Germany for World War I. The Big Four ignored Wilson’s protest and his fourteen points one by one but he did gain approval for a League of Nations.
Introduction World War I came to an end with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919. The treaty was signed to create lasting peace. The treaty was negotiated between the three allied powers of Britain, France and the United States with no participation from Germany. The treaty 's negotiations revealed a split between the three allied powers with France intending to weaken Germany in such a manner that it would make it impossible for it to renew hostilities. However, Britain and the United States objected to some of the provisions because of the fear that it would be a pretext for another war.
After Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles nations of Germany had live miserable lives, because high inflation happened in Germany. Germany made a wrong decision when they had to pay money. Instead of taxing people to give money for the damage to Allies, Germany borrowed a lot of money from other countries. As a result they had to pay more money with a huge debt. However German government printed more money to pay off the debt but it caused inflation.
According to an article published on Jewish Virtual Library, the West German Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer eventually agreed to repay Israel slowly. The Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany was created to help with negotiating claims. After a vote of sixty-one to fifty, Israel decided to have direct negotiations with Germany (“Holocaust Restitution”). Many Israelis were very upset at this decision and they decided to protest. After many deliberations, Israel lowered its amount of money requested; it was now to be payed by West Germany and not Germany as a whole.
Fascism under Mussolini and Nazism under Hitler started to rise in Europe during the interwar periods. Both totalitarian governments brought great impact to their nations and international peace, which eventually led to the outbreak of WWII. The German economy suffered severe setbacks after the end of World War I, partly because of reparations payments required under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. The government printed money to make the payments and to repay the country's war debt; the resulting hyperinflation led to inflated prices for consumer goods, economic chaos, and food riots. When the government failed to make the reparations payments in January 1923, French troops occupied German industrial areas along the Ruhr.
The allies had also gained territory that had been given to Germany through the treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Furthermore, the German military was to be reduced. The military was limited to 100,000 men and 6 battleships, however, they were not allowed to have submarines or an air force. This would wound German pride as Bismarck had stressed the importance of the military during his time. Great Britain had hoped to leave Germany strong enough for trade.
Just before the conclusion of the devastating World War I, which had taken more lives than any other war in history, President Woodrow Wilson and the delegates of the Senate in 1919 had conglomerated to come to a decision as to the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles, which had primarily been proposed to set forth conditions which would ultimately put an end to the war. Specifically, according to Wilson’s propositions at the Covenant, the Treaty would make peace with the United States’ adversaries by …; however, its major caveat was that it would divert all blame and responsibility for the war to Germany. This clause would cause several disputes between Wilson and his fellow Senators, which had eventually led to the vetoing of the Treaty
When WW1 ended the allies’ leaders wanted a treaty that would prevent another war to come upon them. The treaty they wrote was ruined. But eventually France and Britain got what they wanted, which was a peace treaty that demanded Germany for peace and them not to rise up another war. The United States was not even on that peace treaty, but history says that Woodrow got his powerful nation, just not the one he wanted. This peace treaty that demanded Germany to obey, gave loss to some of their land.
The editorial cartoon in Document H provides a useful illustration of this point (see Document H). As Uncle Sam, the federal government, pours more public money into the machinery of war the main beneficiary would be economic recovery. According to Document B spending on military hardware and in the industrial sectors that produced weapons led to substantially higher prices, a sharp upturn in the stock markets, and greatly reduced unemployment (Document G). Public anxiety and fear in Western Europe and in the U.S. were fed by the prospect of yet another World War. Whether intended or not, this led to another measure supported by Democrats and Republicans that addressed one of the crises of a depression.
This war dealt with the Triple Alliance, the Triple Entente, the Central Powers, and the Allies. After this war ended on November 11, 1918, leaders from the countries made a treaty called the Treaty of Versailles. After this treaty was made, many things happened and the question in many people 's minds was how did this treaty cause WWII? The Treaty of Versailles helped cause WWII by treating Germany harshly in these three ways: Their army was reduced, they lost territory, and the number one reason is all of the blame Germany got. One way that the Treaty of Versailles treated Germany harshly was the way that it reduced their army.