These ministers were chosen from each caste of the Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishya’s. There was a governor who exercised military, judicial and civil power. The empire was based on the monarchy form of government and was traditional in nature. The king was the highest court of appeal. Though he was the highest court of appeal, he could not give his full attention to the court and thus set up a series of courts in different provinces.
The caste system was ruled by the British. Religion in within the caste system is example of cultural violence because “ The Hindu Vedas (scriptures) describe a strict ordering of people. According to Vedic law, people are born into four varnas (or castes): Brahmans, kshatriyas, vaishas, and shudras. Varnas Indicate an individual 's responsibilities for occupational status The first three Varnas are considered upper castes, while the shudras are considered members of a lower class. An outcast group, referred to as the untouchables, fall below the shudras” (Part 2, Page 16).
Ghandi’s role in promoting and initiating the Salt March granted him a seat in the Round Table Conference, which eventually evolved India as a whole. The Round Table Conference is “a series of meetings in three sessions called by the British government to consider the future constitution of India” (Encyclopaedia Britannica). This resulted in India having a constitution until it achieved its independence, proving the civil disobedience of Ghandi and co. truly did evolve India. The resulting constitution gave the Indian civilians more freedom and a larger role in their government, all in which led to India’s independence in 1947. This series of events sprouted from the Salt March, which illustrates that civil disobedience is evolution.
• He was the founder of Satyagraha , which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights. • He is the Father of Nation for India. Reasons for Partition of India unique The main reason behind partition of India was ,it contains large majority of Hindus. If India was not divided at that time then Muslim’s had to live under the governance of Hindus, Muslims got a feeling that they may get injustice and may not be treated well and may not perform their religious obligations . So they started demanding separate a homeland .
Karsandas Mulji also had to face the uproar of his Baniya community when he planned his visit to England in 1863. In his preface to Mulji’s travelogue, Bholabhai Patel offers an increasing fear of forced conversion after the sixteenth century as a point of shift in taking overseas travels. Because in earlier times there are historical records that Indians used to travel to Java, Sumatra, Muscat and Arab countries. As there was unstable rule, Muslim invaders had hold of the country and there was a forced conversion of religion hindered the overseas journey for Hindus. This prohibition on travel by sea was applicable only to upper-caste Brahmins since fisherman, non-Brahmin Hindus and Parsis from Gujarat had been travelling to many parts of the world.
Earlier, they were classified as acchut, untouchable, chandals, harijans and many such terms. ‘The Mahan Kosh’ defines them as belonging to the Hini Jati or the low castes which have been oppressed by Unchi Jati or the upper castes . Dalits constitue a total of 17% Indian population, yet they face discrimination due to their caste . These are the people who do all kinds of menial works,
The pre-war Indian nationalist sentiment revived as moderate and extremist groups of the Indian National Congress ended their differences in order to unify. In 1916, the Congress succeeded in establishing the Lucknow Pact, a temporary alliance with the All-India Muslim
In August 1947 after nearly 300 years rule under British Empire, India and Pakistan finally got their independence. However, it came with a price with the partition of Hindu majority India and Muslim majority Pakistan being separated into two countries. Pakistan was formed into West Pakistan and East Pakistan. East Pakistan later becoming independent and known as Bangladesh. It is known as the biggest and greatest migration in the history of mankind.