The personal liberties of Americans is what gives meaning to being an American. These liberties should be respected and upheld to the greatest efforts possible and should not be abridged by no means less than do process as exemplified by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments of the American Constitution. However, over time, we have learned about legislation that has been enacted by our government with said efforts to protect the nation. Hence, the Espionage and Sedition Acts, the confinement of Japanese-Americans during the Second World War, the Red Scare post-WWII, and the Pentagon Papers of 1971 are all examples that depict some of the behaviors performed by the federal government that would appear to infringe on these liberties. The Espionage
3) What are the differences between the XYZ Affair, Quasi-War, Alien, and the Sedition Act? The XYZ Affair represents three demands that John Adams made, American government needed to apologize publicly towards the France which stands for the X demand. As for Y, the France had requested a loan from the United States and therefore the United States would have to grant the loan, last for the Z, it represents the Americans would need to pay an amount of two hundred thousand dollars to the French. The Quasi-War is a war between the France and United states in the year of 1797 through 1800.
At different times in U.S history the government has disputed about certain actions that limited civil liberties. Some include the Executive Order 9066 which relocated Japanese Americans in 1942 and the USA Patriot Act in 2001. These acts impacted the United States majorly. They both occurred after a tragic event took place and the government wanted to protect themselves, the people, and the country. The Executive Order 9066 was passed after the bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese in 1941.
During his time as president, Adams had decided to sign the Alien and Sedition Acts. The Alien acts was an act that had said that they could deport foreigners and make it harder for them to be able to vote in any election. Sedition Acts had said that if people were to write hateful against the government or president then it is considered as a
The Alien and Sedition Acts were a series of laws that were passed in 1798 by the Federalist Congress and then were signed into law by President John Adams. These laws made it harder for immigrants to vote and also included powers that were new to deport foreigners. Before this law was passed, an immigrant had to live in the United States for 5 years before being able to vote, but the law changed it from 5 years to 14 years. The Federalists saw as a threat to American security. One Federalist said that there was “no need to invite hordes of Wild Irishmen, nor the turbulent and disorderly of all the world, to come here with a basic view to distract our tranquility,” even though the non-English people have been supporters of the Democratic-Republicans
The Espionage Act of 1917 is a United States federal law passed on June 15, 1917, shortly after the U.S. entry into World War I. It has been changed a lot of times over the years. The Espionage Act is a federal legislature that was passed in 1917. The Act criminalizes and punishes espionage, spying and related crimes.
In the summer of 1798, Congress decided to pass the Alien and Sedition Acts, which were four bills that limited the rights of foreigners who lived in the United States. The first act declared that the president could deport, or hold captive, those living in the United States if the states were at war with the home country of the immigrant; this was known as the Alien Enemies Law. This takes away the person's right to freedom because they were judged on the state of their country. Much like the first act, the second act allowed the president to “expel” an immigrant, however Congress limited this expulsion to two years maximum; this act was beyond unfair to the people who could be deported because it did not give them the right to defend themselves
The Alien and Sedition Act were enacted to make the United States more secure from foreign spies and domestic traitors (Defining America, n.d.), due to the result of the hostility between the United States and France (Outline, pg. 82). The Alien Act gave the President the authority to detain, imprison or expel aliens (immigrants) in the time of war or peace (Outline, pg. 82), which President Adams felt was needed because “foreign influence within the United States was dangerous and must be exterminated” (Alien and Sedition Act, n.d.). Moreover, the Sedition Act proscribed writing, speaking or publishing anything of false, scandalous and malicious in nature against the President or Congress (Outline, pg. 82). Although, both the Alien and Sedition
Oliver Wendell Holmes once wrote, “The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsly shouting in a theatre and causing panic.” Similarly, the Supreme Court’s ruling to arrest Schenck was wrong, and a U.S. citizen should be allowed to protest a war or draft in times of war. Specifically, the Espionage Act violated the first Amendment, Charles Schenck, whom was arrested after violating the Act, was indicting no violence, and the Act violated the 13th Amendment. First, citizens in the U.S. being allowed to protest wars or drafts specifically shines through since the Espionage Act violates the 13th Amendment.
The Alien and Sedition Acts passed four laws empowered the president to deport any foreigners who were suspected to be a threat to the security of the nation. The Federalists justified for the Alien and Sedition Acts, claiming that it was indispensable because the nation was on the brink of war, however, the true reason that they passed the Alien and Sedition Acts was to make sure Adams defeat Jefferson in the election (at that time people favored the Republican Party). The Republicans considered it to be unconstitutional because of its violation of the First Amendment and the freedom of speech. However, the Federalists justified that it was indispensable to stifle criticism of the government in time of war because if Americans lost their confidence
There were many bitter controversies revealed when the Alien and Sedition Acts were passed in 1798. The rise of xenophobic fears was not only found in the general public but in the heart of the lawmakers. These acts show how xenophobic fears were on a rise, however howe these expansion were not constitutional, and the excesses power given to the federal government. The Alien Act are examples of how in America, xenophobia, or the fear or distrust of people from other countries, was on the rise.
Spies in the American Revolution Specific Purpose: To inform the audience about the spies and espionage tactics employed during the American Revolution. Thesis: While the methods used by the patriots were crude, by the end of the war they could report accurately. Introduction Attention-getter and established credibility: The year was 1776, mid-September.
Congress passed the Alien and Sedition Acts to prepare for war with France. There was an increase in required residency for American citizenship to five to fourteen years, it was required for aliens to state their intention five years before citizenship is granted, and rendered people from enemy nations ineligible for naturalization. The Sedition Act banned the publishing of writings that were offensive to the government. The acts were conceived to limit the power of Republicans by the Federalists. But when Thomas Jefferson was elected president enforcement ended of the acts.
In conclusion both the Federalist and the Democratic Republicans had strong options about the Alien and Sedition Acts, most of which were different in relation to what was constitutionally right or wrong. John Adams truly tried to do something proper regarding the acts but it sadly backfired when he discovered the citizens of the United States enjoyed their personal freedom. Although I would have managed the Sedition Acts differently I believe this event contributed greatly into the shaping of our government since it was still pretty clear that our Founding Fathers had no idea how to run a nation. This event only lead to the discovery of political parties and the truth about personal opinions regarding the community members of this society.
The Alien and Sedition Act started off in the year of 1798 when the 2nd president of the United States , John Adams signed it so he would put things into place. The alien and sedition act happened because the federalist saw foreigners as threats in the way they would take over land without paying taxes. Immigrants were coming into the United States and the governments people did not like that because they figured it would take up land and they wouldn't want to pay and it would also be hard to communicate with them because of the different language they spoke. They then came up with the alien sedition act , this act was to be able to deport all illegal immigrants without residence papers.