Clarence Earl Gideon was an indigent living in Florida who was accused of breaking into the Bay Harbor Poolroom in Panama City, Florida with the intention to commit petty larceny. He had to represent himself at trial since he was poor and Florida did not provide state-funded attorneys for indigents. Once the case was taken up by the Supreme Court, it was affirmed by unanimous decision that anyone had a right to counsel. In Betts v. Brady which Gideon’s case overturned, Betts was an indigent accused of robbery who, when he asked for counsel at his trial, was denied. He later appealed his case up the court system and eventually to the Supreme Court on the grounds that, due to such actions, he had been held illegally.
“Did you ever see Bernard Weaver that night? Like a run in at the casino or in the halls?” “Now that I think about it, I did see that nervous wreck pacing around the hallways of the hotel. He looked like a mental patient, walking back and forth like a madman. He was muttering about some money he owed. Yet here he was wasting it away at a casino.” I shook my head in disdain.
They raided the bar under the pretense that the Stonewall was serving alcohol without a liquor license. Raids on gay bars were common in the early 1900s. According to the Stonewall Inn’s website “During a typical raid... the customers were lined up and their identification checked. Those without identification or dressed in full drag were arrested.” The raid on the Stonewall Inn happened in this fashion. The patrons that had been released formed a crowd, waiting for their friends to come out
The Supreme Court came to the conclusion that in the case of In Re Gault the requirements for due process were not met. This has turned into a landmark case because it has altered the way the juvenile delinquent court system runs. A teenager of fifteen years old, Gerald Gault found himself accused of making an obscene telephone call. The victim was a neighbor Mrs. Cook, who reported the incident to police on June 8, 1964. A police officer then located Gault and arrested him on the charges (United States Courts).
While the Prohibition law was set, Al Capone started selling illegal liquor to people who were desperate. He set up bars in the basements at night and paid the managers or whoever was closing up the shop for the night to not say anything. And if they did say anything to the police, he would threaten to kill them and their families. Capone was sent to jail because he wasn’t paying
“In June 1978, Dahmer picked up a hitchhiker named Steven Hicks and took him home to his parents ' house, where he proceeded to get the young man drunk. When Hicks tried to leave, Dahmer killed him by striking him in the head and strangling him with a barbell.” Also this night he was very close to getting caught by the police while driving. He chopped the victim 's body in parts and put them in a trash bag. He had the trash bag in his trunk and was driving to get rid of it. Dahmer got pulled over by a cop and the cop asked what was in the bag and he just said trash.
McSwiggin was mistakenly shot and killed by Capone's henchmen during a shootout between rivals outside a bar. Capone was blamed but once again since there was not enough evidence he escaped arrest. However, the murder was followed by a big outcry against gangster violence and public sentiment went against Capone. High profile investigations against Capone failed which made the police angry and frustrated leading to them constantly raiding his whorehouses and gambling dens. Capone went in hiding for three months that summer but he eventually turned himself in to Chicago police.
I have chosen cases Gideon v. Wainwright and Miranda v. Arizona Podcast to expand on. In the case Gideon v. Wainwright, Clarance Earl Gideon was a man that didn’t have a very long education, he went until eighth grade and then ran away from home while in middle school. All of his early adult life he spent going in and out of prisons for crimes that weren’t even considered violent. Clarance was then accused of breaking and entering, stealing money out of the vending machines in Panama City, Florida. In his trial, Mr. Gideon requested that an attorney be appointed to him seeing as he could not afford one, the judge of his trial then told him attorneys only get provided for those whose cases would result in the death penalty if they were to be
Jeffrey Dahmer had committed many crimes before his murder spree. He got arrested for exposing himself in a state fair in August, 1982. Jeffrey got himself arrested again after masturbating in public in September, 1986. He was charged with public exposure and served 10 months in jail. Soon after he was released, he got arrested again for sexually fondling a 13 year old boy.
That the $30,000 average per inmate to keep them incarcerated by funds from taxpayers is more than enough. It is true to an extent that criminals do not deserve to be entitled but the inhumane dangerous living conditions found in most prisons are unjust. Inmates should not have to live in animalistic barbarian conditions. Inmates suffer long sentences to be released to no community or rehabilitation back into society. However, there is discomfort and there is bordering on torture.
As acting Chief Justice John Marshall told Madison that what he had done was illegal, but since Marbury’s petition was out of jurisdiction Madison claimed it unconstitutional so the court could not order Madison to return the papers. During the Marbury vs Madison case many were able to identify unconstitutional issues regarding Marbury and his decisions.
So a manual recount was started. Bush decided to take the case to the Federal Supreme Court. Bush argued that the recount that was currently taking place was unconstitutional because it violated the equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment. The court ruled 5 - 4 in favor of Bush and the manual recount was stopped. The votes that had been counted had closed the gap
So Marshall denied the petition and refused to issue the writ. In section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789 it notes that writs can indeed be issued, but that particular section of the act was not consistent with the Constitution, making it invalid. I believe that John Marshall implemented this final decision because it was first of all highly appropriate, as well as it more or less was a good solution for both parties. Yes, Marbury deserved to have his commission but the lawsuit was not necessarily an appropriate way to go about receiving it. Marshall knew that if he were going to protect the power of the Supreme Court then he would have to declare the act
Although the state disregarded the Full Faith and Credit clause, the court upheld the argument because the couple had not established bona fide residence in Nevada. To become a legal, bona fide resident of a State, one must reside there for the state’s required amount of time and have the intentions of residing there permanently or at the least, indefinitely. Williams and Hendrix clearly did not intend to do so. As a result, the two were convicted of bigamous cohabitation. The defendants, Williams and Hendrix, were prosecuted for bigamous cohabitation by the state of North Carolina.