Anti-Semitism During The Holocaust

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History of Anti-Semitism can be summed up in these words of Raul Hilberg, “From the earliest days, from the fourth century, the sixth century, the missionaries of Christianity had said in effect to the Jews: ‘You may not live among us as Jews.’ The secular rulers who followed them from the late Middle Ages then decided: ‘You may not live among us,’ and the Nazis finally decreed: ‘You may not live.’”

2.2.1. Holocaust:

Holocaust was a genocide of a Jews in which about 5.7 million Jews lost their lives apart from an approximately equal number of non-Jews throughout Nazi Germany and its occupied territories. Other victims of the genocide included Gypsies, Poles, homosexuals, communists, soviet prisoners of war, people of color even the mentally and physically disabled. Out of those 11 million people about 1 million were just Jewish children. The genocide occurred during the Second World War in Germany under Adolf Hitler.

According to Hitler Jews were inferior race. Jews and all the other races and people murdered were actually a threat to the purity and hence the superiority of the German race based on the idea of the superiority of the Aryan race.

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The first of the people to be sent to concentration camps were communists and social democrats who were sent to the first concentration that opened in Dachau in 1933. By July 1933, there were about 27,000 people in the “protective custody” in concentration camps. Over the next few years, Nazis set themselves to Aryanize Germany. All non-Aryans were dismissed from civil service, businesses owned by Jews were liquidated and a lot of Jews lost most of their clients in their professions. Nuremberg Laws, made prejudice and discrimination against the Jews a norm. This culminated in Kristallnacht, or the “night of broken glass” in November 1938, when German synagogues were burned and windows in Jewish shops were smashed; some 100 Jews were killed and thousands more

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