The Miranda Warning

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In the U.S.AWhen people are arrested, the police must inform them of their rights. The entire set of instructions to accused criminals, known as “The Miranda Warning” (or “Miranda Rights”), are as follows:
“You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to be speak to an attorney, and to have an attorney present during any questioning. If you cannot afford a lawyer, one will be provided for you at government expense.” So, the Miranda ruling requires that, prior to any questioning, a person who is in police custody must be warned that:
1. They have the right to remain silent.
2. Anything what they say can and will be held against them in a court of law.
3. You
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Arizona. In the early 1960s, a man named Ernesto Miranda was arrested and convicted of raping a woman. Police found him in his apartment ,who voluntary accompanied them to the station house and participated in a lineup ,after that when Miranda asked how he did, the police said that he was positively identified.he was admitted guilty,he signed a confession after hours of interrogation by the Phoenix Police Department. At no point was he informed of his right to remain silent or his right to an attorney. 73 year old Alvin Moore was represented Miranda in his trial. They lose first instance, In July 1963, Ernesto Miranda was finally sentenced to 20 to 30 years in prison for the kidnapping and rape of Lois Ann Jamesonthe. In every state in America, there is at last one higher court to which a person can appeal his conviction. In Arizona, in 1963, there was only one level of appeal, the Arizona Supreme Court, Moore appeal the case , Alvin Moore pointed out that police had not observed proper procedure in their arrest and interrogation of Miranda. Moore was convinced that the police had used Miranda’s ignorance of his rights to their advantage and that they had manipulated him into witnessing against himself ,Moore and Miranda also lose this court ,because One of the key procedures of an appellate court is to review earlier court cases to see how those cases might relate to the case under review .this cases was : Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) and Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), they involved some similar

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