Portuguese traders began arriving in China around 1515. They were interested in trading new goods but also intended to spread Christianity, so they brought Jesuits along with them. Matteo Ricci, the leader of the Jesuits, aimed to convert members of the elite, who he hoped would then assist in spreading his religion among the Chinese people. The Jesuits were highly educated and served the Ming and Qing emperors as advisers, astronomers, cartographers, and painters, but they were generally unsuccessful in converting. They attempted to explain how the people can believe in both Confucian and Christian teachings.
For the flow of the world to work, it had to be balanced and the traditional Chinese religion focused their beliefs on yin and yang to bring that about. The “good” and “evil” is what yin and yang is about, however, the correct way is when things are working together is what brings balance, and that is why it is a common misconception for yin and
In history, Christians held Muslims to a threatening status before the crusades even began. In fact, the chances that the Christians met Muslims greatly improved their overall idea of them. During the crusades trade wasn’t allowed to be exchanged in fear of the Christians that would be excommunicated for associating with the Islams, even though trade still continued throughout the Crusades regardless. Politically the religious impact from the Crusades was in the massive expenditures that created an overwhelming effect on European politics. The crusades had massive armies that needed to be transported across extensive amounts of land which costed large sums of money.
One religion with an only God, instead of many, appealed to Roman Emperor Constantine. He knew that the Christian religion could affiliate his empire and so he could bring about military success. Emperor Constantine 's interest in Christianity made the religion spread throughout the Roman Empire. And so, Christianity became a replacement for all the assorted religions that were practiced at the time in the Roman Empire. The edict of Milan, which granted religious tolerance to Christianity, was signed by Emperor Constantine and emperor Licinius in Milan and policies towards Christians were changed.
For over 2,000 years, Buddhism has interacted with all levels of Chinese culture such as literature, philosophy, morality, arts, architecture and religions. As a result, Buddhism has successfully integrated into the traditional Chinese culture and has become one of the three pillars.” (Xing, 308) 2010 Religious report survey data show that there are China has about 185 million Buddhist believers, and in contemporary China 's five major religions, Buddhism has the most extensive influence on Chinese society, and the most converted believers are also the most. Thus, Buddhism has influenced China deeply in some aspects, such as , people 's thought language and economy.
In Chinese tradition, communities would join together during times of need to pray for the gods and ancestors for rain. To show their dedication to Christianity, the Christian converts “refused to participate in the rituals, [which made] their neighbours suspected that this was the reason the gods disregarded [the Chinese’] pleas for rain” (Szczepanski 1). This cause suspicion and distress to grow, with some Chinese calling that the last straw. This shows that the new people in their land was convincing the nationals of the Christian community’s superiority of the traditional Chinese belief. There was more and more tension between the Chinese and the outsiders, it was like the Americans were goading the Chinese into starting a fight.
This period was responsible for the loss of authority religion had. Charles Darwin ,a naturalist, had proposed a theory that god was created equal just like everyone else and was not a seperate creature like common belief. Darwin shocked many people and challenged old beliefs that had been passed on for generations. Despite the setback in religion during this time , many priests and missionaries keep the religion alive by writing books and spreading religion(Lang Sean 301).
In Christianity, the Bishop of Rome, or the Pope, is the leader of the religion. The Pope has had significant influence on the world stage throughout history. The Pope in the early stages of Christianity helped its rapid spread. Through the middle ages, the Pope was just as large of a political leader in Europe as he was a religious leader within Christianity. His influence of the spread of the Christian faith as well as the developments of modern European culture and history makes the Pope and his Papacy one of the most influential and enduring institutions in the history of the world.
Christian missionaries have participated in imperialist domination of the Native Americans and Asians, in the past, by imposing cultural changes on native populations in the name of religion. They have succeeded in removing their cultural identities. The technological disparity between the new world and the old world allowed for the west to gain a distinct psychological advantage over the new world. Most of the European missionaries during the colonial era were Catholic. That was partly because two Catholic countries, Spain and Portugal, took the lead in exploration.
The spread of religion was the justification for most European countries to imperialism and set up colonies in the Americas. Walter Raleigh, and Richard Hakluyt convinced Queen Elizabeth I to support the colonists, through the idea that the “New World’s inhabitants” were “crying out to come and help”, with the intention of converting the Indians to Christianity (52). Although, the intentions for conversion drove the imperialistic ambitions, they were not entirely successful. “The aim of converting Indians to Christianity foundered on Indian indifference to the religious disputes that wracked Europe and the unavoidable reality that churches transplanted to English america had their hands full providing religious services for European colonists” (56-57). Overall, imperialism and conquest of North America by Britain was influenced by religious conversion, that may not have been successful, but helped to drive
In this manner, the Europeans formed the Crusaders against the Turks and Muslims to retake the places known as holly and spread Christianity and European culture all over the world because “the twin legacies of early medieval missionary activity before the year 1000 and of monastic reform in the eleventh and twelfth centuries provided the conditions for translating ideology into practice.” In this manner, the religious missions focused on influencing on other peoples’ faith to convert them into Christianity. Other controversial thing was about the understating of the diversity, and this understanding did not happen as it was supposed to be because an understanding of the diversity would help states to live longer. And understanding of the diversity of the multiculturalism is to respect to other ethnic and religious groups, so the idea of Europe was against this concept, too. Another controversial thing was the Islamic belief of Jihad.
In the Classical era, two very comparable empires carried out the cycle of rising and falling on the far western and eastern ends of Eurasia. While only Rome had to struggle to grow from a single city to an enormous empire, both Rome and Han China rose to power on the backs of their brutal armies. And, the fall of both empires negatively impacted the life of common people as well as the cultivation of culture across Eurasia. In the beginning of its reign, the Roman empire labored to grow from an impoverished city-state into a more expansive political force.
Chinese Exclusion Act was passed in 1882. • I feel like there were many reasons for the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 has many factors that are contributing to why it was passed. The first being the quick population growth of Chinese immigrants from 1852 – 1880. In just 28 years, 81,000 Chinese immigrants had migrated to America after Chinese started arriving in 1848 when gold was discovered in California. In 1862, 20 years before the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed the Chinese formed the Consolidated Benevolent Association.