Contrary to popular belief, the United States has two constitutions: the Articles of Confederation and the present day constitution. So, what happened to the Articles of Confederation? The Articles of Confederation failed for many reasons: the reluctancy of the individual states to surrender their powers to a national government, the impotence of Congress to tax the colonies in order to pay off war debts or pay veterans of the American Revolution, the inability to back up the currency coined by Congress, the institution of multiple currency as states began to coin their own money, and the lack of power to regulate trade and commerce among the states or foreign nations. In addition, the Articles of Confederation limited the executive and judicial
Describe two weakness of the Articles of Confederation and explain how each was addressed in the Constitution. Government could not tax the people. This was crucial because following the Revolutionary War of 1775, the American government was in great debt. The lack of funds to pay the soldiers influenced Shay’s rebellion. This was inspired to create enumerated powers of congress.
This political party felt that the ratification of the Constitution would only intensify the problems of the new country. An excerpt from Mercy Otis Warren’s book, “Observations on the New Federal Constitution and on the Federal and State Conventions”, explains “The executive and the legislature are so dangerously blended that they give cause for alarm...There is no provision for a rotation nor anything else to prevent a political office from remaining in the same hands for life.” Warren shows with this quote that with a new Constitution the powers of the executive and legislative branches were too close in power. She felt that with this imbalance of power the government would not last very long. Also, she is saying that there will be nothing they can do if they ratify the Constitution. The Anti-federalists also felt that there would be a large drop off in the rights the people have.
Despite checks and balances, the Anti-Federalists considered that these branches composed of Elites, and were afraid that Elites would grant the too much power among the branches. In fact, the real power that that the middle class had for role in the Constitution was to elect the member of House of Representatives, which they had less power in the three branches. According to Brutus in Letter number IV of the Anti-federalist Papers, each state should have an equal, full, and fair representation, without this it cannot be a free government (Document F). This would lead the common man to no voices among these three branches. The purpose of the creating the Constitution was to create a strong federal government that would
Parliamentary system is a general government system are used in many countries, there are two types of parliamentary democracies, the Westminster (originates from the British Houses of Parliament) and consensus systems. A parliamentary system is a bicameral system with two chambers of parliament, House of Senate and House of People. The representative mostly from the election, who won the voted. This system were divided into three component executive, legislative and judiciary. Normally parliamentary system related with constitutional monarchies, this mean the ruler as head of state in the country while the head of government usually a member of the legislature.
However, the Electoral College was originally founded because the delegates did not believe that the people were educated enough to make a good choice. Therefore, the power lies with the electors of each state. Even though the debate over the Electoral College will continue, it is clear that it should be abolished because it does not represent the
Three Branches of Government The United States government is a federal government which means that is a system of government where the power is shared between the central, federal, and state governments. This government is divided into three branches: The Legislative, Judicial, and Executive. There is a separation of powers that limits the power of any one person or group, dividing the authority into these three branches. They were created by the constitution after the Articles of Confederation, a document that was created after the United States gained its independence from Great Britain. They established the functions of government but it had failed due to the lack of power that it gave to the central government.
The Weimar’s military leadership was mostly composed of conservatives who did not support the new Republic. This was already a negative start. How could soldiers who were against the republic swear to protect it? The biggest problem of the army oath was that it let anyone who was President in direct control of the armed forces. This meant that if someone with bad intentions came to power, he had under his control, the whole military.Of course this worse-case scenario came
Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government was in shambles. Having left the rule of the British Crown, the States desired a government far from their previous predecessor. However, having given tremendous power to the states and very little to the federal, there was much chaos. A prime example of the failure of this document was Shay’s Rebellion, when farmers rebelled against government officials for debt that they could not repay due to faults in the Articles. Consequently, a new Constitution had to be ratified which resulted in many compromises between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists.
Being the second president he was left with big shoes to fill from George Washington. Congress and citizens of the United States had extremely high expectations for him. He legacy in modern history remains controversial. Adams is remembered for his positive impacts on America by peacefully avoiding war with Britain and France, despite the pressure he faced all around him. Perhaps if Adams decided to go to war the history of the United States would have been very different.