The Virginia plan is a draft in the Article of Confederation, an proposal by James Madison. Because Virginia is such a large state, it needed 2 houses of the house of representatives to determined the proportions of the populations meaning there should only be House of Representatives with no Senate when it comes to decision making. On the other hand for the New Jersey Plan its the other way around, due to the smaller population of New Jersey, all representation where equal to other states. So for New Jersey plan there would be Senate but there wouldn't be any House of Representatives. To summarize the Virginia plan and the New Jersey plan, the Virginia would involve the House of Representatives but not Senate and for New Jersey plan
1.Northwest Ordinance of 1787- The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 layer out the governmental rules for the Northwest Territory. It stated that three to five states would be formed out of the existing Northwest Territory. The Ordinance contained three stages that the territory would go through in order to form the states. In the first step of the Ordinance the region was completely controlled by the government.
In 1978, two plans were put forth regarding how each state in the union would be represented in the national legislature. The two plans put forth were the, “Virginia Plan” (which favored big states), and the “New Jersey Plan.” (which favored small states) Edmund Randolph of Virginia proposed the Virginia plan. The plan laid out a system in which states would be represented in the national legislature based on their population and/or by how much revenue they contributed to the national government.
The significance of the New Jersey Plan was that it led to the Connecticut Compromise, which also called the Great Compromise, with the Virginia Plan in combination(Christina Hoag, 1987 American History). The Connecticut Compromise was proposed by a delegate from Connecticut, Roger Sherman, who combined the two plans together and finalized legislative
I believe that the Virginia plan is much wiser than the New Jersey plan because it was proportional, or corresponding in size, to the population in state. The best plan is this one because it has two legislative houses (Bicameral), the Senate and the House of Representatives. We each get to vote for the representatives we want. The New Jersey plan only has one Legislative house (unicameral) and it only gets one vote for each state this is what deprived the smaller states from equality. The New Jersey Plan had so many disagreements that it had to appoint a “grand committee” and then it was known as the Great Compromise (An agreement between two or more sides in which each side gives up what some of what it wants).
The Virginia Plan was considered unfair to the small states and the New Jersey plan was considered unfair to the large states. Soon after, Roger Sherman from Connecticut wrote “The Great Compromise.” Many
The three branches would write, enforce, and judge the laws. This part of the New Jersey Plan is the same as the Virginia Plan, except that this plan would have a one house congress. The smaller states liked the idea of a three branch government, but would make
The Great Compromise’s origin was from the creation of two men, Edmund Randolph (Virginia) and William Paterson (New Jersey). They both thought of one plan of how each state would be represented in Congress. Both plans were named from where they started from, Virginia and New Jersey. The Virginia plan entailed a Bicameral Legislature, a legislature with two house/chambers. It said that representation would be based on state population in both houses.
His New Jersey Plan was a counter proposal to the Virginia Plan. Less populated states strongly contradict giving power of national government control to states that are highly populated, which resulted to a legislative body from the Articles of Confederation to represent one-vote-per state. With a legislative representative there would be more authority. The single legislative chamber of the New Jersey Plan, was originated from the Article of Confederation. The issue of the size of the state and state’s fairness idle the
After no progress of which plan to go through with, Roger Sherman came up with the Great Compromise. The compromise called for two house legislator. Members of the house of representatives or the lower house would be elected by popular vote. Members of the Senate or the upper house would be chosen by the state legislators. Each state would only have two senators no matter the size, or population of the state.
The Great Compromise also known as Connecticut Compromise, proposed by Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellworth, permitted both large and small states to agree to the Constitution without immensely decreasing their power in Congress. The small-population states yearned for a Congress that approved of equal representation from all states, and the large-population states demanded a Congress with representation proportional to the number of citizens of each state. Sherman proposed a two house Congress with a House of Representatives depended on population and a Senate composed of two members from each state, regardless of its population. This dual system of representation is still
The Constitution of the United States was written in 1787, but there was a grapple for its ratification that went on until about two decades after the ratification. Members of Congress believed that the first government of the United States or the Articles of Confederation, needed to be adjusted while others did not want anything to change. After the Revolutionary War, the people did not want a strong central government, because it reminded them too much of what they were trying to escape from. Under the Articles, each state had their own laws, and the need for a new Constitution was desired by many. The Constitution of 1787 created huge debates, arguments and splits in the nation that lasted for several year after its ratification between people who
Under the Articles of Confederation, states at the time shared equal representation regardless of size, but Madison and Randolph’s proposal would shift the power of government in their favor and swathe the political powers of the smaller states, such as New Jersey. This proposal did not go unchallenged and on June 15, 1878, William Paterson would also present his own
The idea of the Constitution was brought up after the failures of Articles of Confederation. The founding fathers had a meeting on what improvements should be made to the Articles of Confederation. But the meeting eventually ended up in creating the United States Constitution. This took place at Constitutional