America in the 1950’s was a time where neighbor was told to watch neighbor in fear of a spy from Soviet Russia. After the second World War, many had believed that the atheistic communists had infiltrated the United States government on a mission to shape its policies. Politicians became disgraced after accusations of being a Communist member or sympathizer. In his “Speech Delivered in Wheeling West Virginia, February 9, 1950”, Republican senator from Wisconsin, Joseph McCarthy, exemplified McCarthyism and the Red Scare by presenting a list of more than two hundred State Department employees that had been a Communist. Going into the Cold War between the Soviet Union and The United States had been a heated time for politicians named a communist; a near equivalent to being called a witch in Salem, Virginia.
Kelsey Leigh Reber hit it right on the nail when he said, “People are always quick to call evil what they do not know. The unknown sprouts fear. It spreads like an infection, burrowing into every facet of their lives. They need a scapegoat, someone to blame.” This was seen in the play The Crucible, and many events in history after the Salem Witch Trials.
Sparked by an increase in communist sympathies during the Great Depression due to upset over the failure of the democratic system to assist its people in difficult times, American fear of communism reached its high point during the 1940s and 1950s. Fear of communist subversion, often called the Red Scare, reached all areas of society and resulted in paranoia throughout the United States, exemplified through both actions and events. The McCarthy hearings, led by Senator Joseph McCarthy, capitalized on the overwhelming hysteria encapsulating the United States when McCarthy claimed he had the names of communists in the government. Built on a series of lies and exaggerations, McCarthy proceeded to interrogate innocent government officials and
Joseph McCarthy was a U.S. senator in Wisconsin. He practiced the concept of McCarthyism. The idea of McCarthyism went completely against communism. So anyone who supported McCarthyism hated communist. They thought Communist were the worst people ever.
American society was very willing to go along with the Red Hunt of the 1950’s that was led by the HUAC and Joe McCarthy. The American people knew that the main idea and goal of communism was to spread communism. Communism had already spread into North Korea after the USSR took control and the last thing American society wanted was further spreading. The House Un-American Activities Committee persecuted famous Hollywood stars for suspected communist activities. The American people looked up to these actors and actresses and the idea that their beloved Hollywood personalities could be communist opened up the idea that anyone could be a communist.
Distrust What kind of society do you live in? It may be peaceful, fun, relaxing, or maybe a little sad caused by a recent event. But, could you even imagine living somewhere where you can’t trust one living thing around you? So much fear and distrust that would lead to hate, violence and maybe even murder.
The Cold War was a state of heightened tension between the United States and Soviet Union due to both nations trying to promote their systems of government. This war played a huge role in bringing out the fear of communism in the U.S.. In mid twentieth century America, citizens believed that preventing communism would result in the nation's security (“Cold War History”). This belief initiated the second Red Scare in America. The popular fear of communism that was running rampant all over the United States at the time resulted in reckless actions made by the government.
The spread of communist ideals was the main cause of The Cold War; the political and economical differences between the Soviet Union and the United States of America created high tension between such countries. As a capitalist country, United States wanted to promote democracy and free markets, while communist USSR wanted to make sure that the communist ideals spread all over the world. After World War II ended, the Soviets created a sphere of influence in which they established communist governments in several other countries. This angered and worried a lot the United States so they created the Containment policy and formed NATO to try to stop the spread of Communism. In return, the USSR formed the Warsaw Pact to formalize military relations
In the early 1950s, the fear of Communism washed over America. Whether it be the end of Harry S. Truman’s eight years in the Oval Office or the beginning of Dwight D. Eisenhower’s two-terms, the political pendulum in the United States violently swung back towards conservatism. In The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, and Inherit the Wind, by Jerome Lawrence and Robert Edwin Lee, fear is the driving force of prejudice. Respected political philosopher Thomas Paine made the claim, “It is from a strange mixture of tyranny and cowardice that exclusions have been set up and continued. The boldness to do wrong at first, changes afterwards into cowardly craft, and at last into fear.”
Communism has had a huge impact in the world and it caused many problems. First we have to know about what is communism and where it came from, also what is the cold war and its outcome. Many people have the different ways to describe communism but they all are the same. A country that is communism has a power and controls people’s life.