The cotton gin triggered the South to use slaves in the fields, causing a huge transformation in the cotton industry. The growth of slavery rose drastically. African countries would sell thousands of slaves to the South. Soon, the South’s economy would depend entirely on slavery to grow their cotton industry. However, the North was based on manufacturing.
The Civil War changed the future of the United States. The war began as a struggle to preserve the Union, but not a struggle to free the slaves, and many in the North and South felt that the conflict would decide both issues at last. Many slaves escaped to the North in the early years of the war, and several Union generals established abolitionist policies in the Southern land that they conquered. Congress passed laws permitting the seizure of slaves from the property of rebellious Southerners. On September 22, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln presented the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
Slavery flourished in North America for nearly three centuries. Beginning with the twenty African Americans that arrived in Jamestown in 1619, fifty thousand slaves would be transported per year to America at the peak during the 1790s (Hine 29). The profits from the Atlantic slave trade, together with those generated from the tobacco and sugar plantation by the slave labor were used to support the development of England and fund the industrial revolution during the eighteenth century (Hine 29). Slavery was integrated into the economy of North America, and sensing an opportunity to make money, many businesses and people were involved to facilitate the slave trade. Primary Source #2 was printed on May 19, 1784.
One of reasons the confederacy failed was because the U.S. Congress, with Lincoln’s support, proposed the 13th amendment which would abolish slavery in America. Although the confederate peace delegation was unwilling to accept a future without slavery, the radical and moderate Republicans designed a way to takeover the reconstruction program. The Radical Republicans wanted full citizenship rights for African Americans and wanted to implement harsh reconstruction policies toward the south. The radical republican views made up the majority of the Congress and helped to pass the 14th amendment which guaranteed equality under the law for all citizens, and protected freedmen from presidential vetoes, southern state legislatures, and federal court decisions. In 1869, Congress passed the fifteenth amendment stating that no citizen can be denied the right to vote because of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” To destroy the confederacy and make the south rejoin the union, extreme legal measures such as passing amendments needed to be taken by the government to affirm Union’s power over the south.
Abraham Lincoln’s emancipation proclamation, issued on the 1st of January 1863, was a presidential declaration that intended to abolish slavery. The counter argument may be stated that Lincoln’s proclamation was merely a war measure that only ended slavery in certain areas in order to ensure victory for the North. However, the emancipation proclamation marked the beginning of the end of the institution of slavery thus it was a success. Argument: Abraham Lincoln refers to his proclamation as "the central act of my administration, and the greatest event of the 19th century." (Source B2) Lincoln’s proclamation was one of strategy as it aimed to abolish slavery as well as recruit those previously enslaved to help the North win the civil war.
Bernard Guillen History 20 Thomas Jefferson Racism Thomas Jefferson was President of United State, before the American Revolution he was governor of Virginia and run the office for years, he was vice president under John Adam. He spoke to the people of how he wanted to become President and how his experience can benefit America for a better future. Jefferson owns a lot of slaves after his father died, he inherited them, along with his other brothers. Slavery was always a concern to Jefferson throughout his life, he really didn’t know if he like slavery or not, as president he wanted to free the slave. However, he believes that black was inferior to white, also he had too many slaves that basically help with everything he had, with hard labor.
To save the blacks from never getting equal rights Douglass, a father of the abolitionist society joined the fight of the civil rights fight for equal rights and in his cost Douglass escaped from slavery. Years passed with Covey beating him, until Frederick fought back, and soon he gave up. He knew Covey being faint would give him the chance to escape. He would soon end the civil rights movement. Frederick Douglass, known as the father of civil rights, was an abolitionist anti slavery writer who played a very big part in the civil rights movement of 1854 to 1868.
The second inauguration address of Abraham Lincoln is as powerful as it is brief. He wrote a speech prompting for the end of the Civil War and the lasting vision he has for the future of the Union. Throughout the speech he uses comparisons, religion, and the moral high ground to move and rally the nation split over four years of civil war. Lincoln compares the response and lengths the North and South would go to obtain their interests. The slaves, to the South, were a “peculiar and powerful interest” since it greatly supported the Southern economy through the cotton industry.
Growing down south was a problem because Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole were settled there. Americans were desperate to expand so the citizens convinced the federal government into acquiring Indian territory. In 1830, president Jackson persuaded a new piece of legislation called the "Indian Removal Act" through both houses of Congress. It gave the president
A portion of the North agreed with the south in that it should be a problem that will stay and will be dealt with in the southern states. The 3/5 compromise and the War of 1812 were two major factors that Mason speaks on that directly affected northerners and lead to more push for anti-slavery movements. A quote here supports this, “As Madison won reelection in 1812 and the war dragged on, New England Federalists increasingly argued that were it not for the added power of slave representation, the Republicans would never have been able to enact commercial restrictions or initiate the war” (51). Though rebutted later in the book by a southerner, this was a fair point. With this added slave representation came much more power for the southern states.
The initial causes of the outbreak of the Civil War: The Civil War began after the Ordinance of Secession in South Carolina on Dec. 20, 1860. Southerners clung to slavery since it was responsible for the production and wealth of their economy. The North declared slavery "the great moral, social, and political evil of the day." The North’s Republican presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln winning the election in 1860 directly caused the ensuing secession of South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas—even before Lincoln took office. On April 12, 1861, the bombardment at the Battle of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina and its surrender by Brig.
In this paper there has been a discussion of the legislation and the tensions preceding the southern Secession. Based on this discussing it can be concluded that the tensions, which culminated with the Civil War, were present many decades before the secession itself. Even threats of Civil war and secession were present much prior to this particular conflict. This paper has also concluded that the threat of Lincoln was real to the South, because of the Republican party’s very distinct foundation as an anti-slavery party. Slavery was a soft spot in the South because of the substantial value slaves had.
Rebuilding the south economically and politically was just as difficult as on the battlefield, extremely long and very complex. Republicans wanted to make sure the confederacy was going to stay faithful to keep their word to not to attempt depart again Federal Reconstruction had successfully freed the slaves by passing the 13th, 14th and 15th amendment, following many other great achievements throughout reconstruction. Reconstruction originally began during the civil war in 1863 attempted implement by President Lincoln. It was new journey to rejoining the former confederacy back into the union under slight punishment along with their word of trust. Many white southerner’s were still
By the time Harper was 25, the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was passed, which greatly increased Northern involvement in slavery. Before that point, most Northerners took a position of apathy, but after this point, they could not ignore the issue. As a result, there was a lot of backlash, including the publishing of Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852), followed by John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry in 1859. When Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1860, the country was at its tipping point and South Carolina seceded shortly afterward, creating a domino effect until the Civil War started in 1861. After four years of war, the Emancipation Proclamation, and thousands of deaths on both sides, the Civil War was over which started a new period and system of race relations in America: Reconstruction.
Southern states justified slavery by using many points. They used the economy, history, religion, legality, social, and humanitarianism. One reason was that if all slaves were freed, there would be a very high unemployment. Another reason the South had was that having slaves would boost the economy. Southern states defended slavery by using history:” Slavery has been legal for a long time before now, so it is a natural thing to do.” On the other hand, the main point was that slaves planting and picking cotton would heavily boost the economy.