“The one in the grave before her death, the other, dead, denied the grave. This is your crime.” (scene 5 lines 80-83). Tragically, Creon did not change his mind until it was too late. Finally, he realized, “the laws of the gods are mighty, and a man must serve them to the last day of his life!” He intended to free Antigone, but in the vault, Antigone committed suicide and Haimon followed. When Creon’s wife heard her son was dead, she killed herself as well.
After Enkidu falls ill and dies, Gilgamesh becomes distressed and goes on a quest to discover immortality. On his journey he searches for his ancestor, named Utanapishtim, who is a survivor of the Great Flood. But Utanapishtim councils Gilgamesh to abandon his quest for immortality, and so he returns home to Uruk in
The Epic of Gilgamesh is an ancient tale that tells the story of a man; two thirds god, one third man who struggles with his destiny and mortality throughout his journey, finally making peace with his destiny as a mortal. Gilgamesh does not fit the model of a hero in this tale, particularly the definition set by Brian Robb, as “his arrogance has no bounds by day or night. No son is left with his father… his lust leaves no virgin to her lover” (62). While he does not fit the model of a hero, this term is irrelevant in this case as his story still follows the model of the Hero’s Journey set out by Campbell and by emitting both negative and eventual good values he becomes more approachable to reader who can be more empathic to his struggles. The concept of the Hero’s journey is arguable a popular storyline for many stories ranging from Epic of Gilgamesh to modern day Harry Potter and is frequently seen in other literature and media illustrating that the concept of hero and a hero’s journey is not a new one however is still very prominent today.
In addition to that, Odysseus is less merciful to others who have wronged him while Harry Potter, though he has suffered much, shows great mercy. Odysseus as soon as he comes home tells his son, “ I came to this wild place, directed by Athena, so that we might lay plans to kill our enemies” ( Homer 1080-1082). Odysseus had such vengeance on his mind that he would start planning as soon as he had come home, yet it seemed that he would spare not one of them, no matter how great or little their involvement. Harry Potter, on the other hand, could have hunted down the rest of Voldemort’s followers, but he left them alone to look for forgiveness and what is right. Finally, Odysseus was a great fighter known for his bow and arrow skills while Harry Potter was just a wizard.
In Book 6, his visits to the underground make him realized the death of Dido which is partially because of him and tells her that he left her against his will. As the gods ' commands droves him against his will, his visit to underworld is one of the significant importance because he is shown the view of the future through his father Anchises who act as a messenger from god. Similarly, the shield of Aeneas made by Vulcan at the end of Book 8 carries a metaphorical symbol of taking on his shoulder the responsibility of the future and make it real. It is ironical that throughout the twelve books, there are few instances that Aeneas shown to be in grief and his refusal to be a part of God 's will. However, he never expresses it as shown in book 8- "Aeneas, heartsick at the woe of war."
This story symbolizes a mortal trying to cheat death, trying to cheat the system the gods put into place. However, to only meet harsh punishment and severe consequences. While in the story written by Shakespeare, Macbeth. He was told that nobody born from a woman will ever harm him. He took this as the wording that he was a god.
Cultural Values A demigod named Gilgamesh, tragically loses his best friend, then he goes on a journey to find the secret of immortality. One could say that these specific cultural values work effectively for the Gods and the people of Uruk, such as rituals, war, and making sacrifices to make this culture successful. Commonly this culture mostly performs rituals for everlasting life or immortality. Gods are afraid of mortality and death itself. The people are wanting an everlasting strong leader.
As a result, Enkidu was created to stop Gilgamesh from his tyranny and make him humble. The gods did not themselves directly step in to discipline Gilgamesh, instead they used another creation, Enkidu. However, when Gilgamesh and his new friend and partner killed Humbaba and the bull of Heaven, the gods, without any creation as medium, intervened directly this time by killing one of them (Epic of Gilgamesh, 132). In “The Odyssey,” on the other hand, Homer portrayed the interactions between the gods and the mortals as being strictly direct. First, we saw this direct interaction between Athena, the goddess of wisdom and Odysseus’ son, Telemachus.
Through a series of prophecies, Oedipus learns that he himself killed the king, who is his father, and married his mother, the queen. This drives him to become a blind beggar when his wife/mother commits suicide. Throughout the play, one can see that Oedipus’s fate was determined by forces outside his control, as seen by his lack of agency over the events leading to his eventual fate. The intractable gods’ manipulation in Oedipus’s fate is clearly shown by the various prophecies delivered by various oracles and prophets in the play. The first word of god in Oedipus the King commands the citizens of the plague-infested city to “drive out, and not to leave uncured within this country, a pollution we have nourished in our land” (96-98).
Due to the current events, people are doubting the oracle and gods. A herald from Corinth arrives and tells Jocasta about Polybus’ death. Likewise, corinthians want Oedipus to be their king because they believe Polybus is Oedipus’ father. Oedipus finds out Polybus being dead and he didn’t kill him. Oedipus still fears the prophecy because of Meropi still being around.
Camus sees no contradiction in these two views. Reasons differ on why he was punished some say because he was using secrets of the gods to bargain. Sisyphus also put Death in chains but Pluto, king of the underworld, got the god of war to set her free. 3. Sisyphus, trying to tests his wife’s love for him told her to essentially kill him, which she did, and now in the underworld Pluto permitted him to go punish his wife.
In his journey gilgamesh grows bored with his life and decided to go and fight the monster humbaba, who was sent by the gods to watch over the cedar forests. He goes to fight the beast and finds himself unsatisfied with his victory leaving him wanting more. He later goes on a journey searching for immortality. This journey is purely motivated by the benefit he would receive and he was not concerned for the effect it may have on others. This shows a great difference in the twos journeys and motivation styles because of the intent behind
In the graphic novel for Hercules, Hercules killed his whole family because of issues and mental problems. However, in the film Hercules did not kill his family he was actually trying to get back to his family. In the film, Hercules lived in a place called Elis Valley. Therefore, the graphic novel has no mention of Elis Valley, or does not have any history about it. In some ways both the film and graphic novel are similar is because both stories had a Hercules.
It has been noticed that the actions taken place in the Iliad could become impregnated without any intervention of the gods. On the other hand, others disagree with the fact that nothing happens in the poem without the inducing of the gods. The role of fate and the of gods in the Iliad both play a major part. The actions of the god can affect the men fighting in the battle but regardless what the gods do they still cannot change or stop the fate, if it is prearranged that one must die, the gods only play part in how the person will die. Even though they play a role in how fate runs its course, even the gods are bound by fate, the extent to which Zeus is “bound” by fate—as oppose to the understandable “binding” of only mortals that is left arguable.
The whole journey to the Cedar Forest Gilgamesh kept having dreams that they couldn’t defeat Humbaba, but every night Enkidu convinced Gilgamesh that he was interpreting the dreams wrong (Mitchell, 105-116). After defeating Humbaba, they came back to Uruk. Gilgamesh knew that he could not be King forever so he tried to do these “godly” like things, so that he would always be remembered ("Myths Encyclopedia."). After Gilgamesh completed this “godly” thing with Enkidu, Ishtar proposed to Gilgamesh. He denied her, because of all her past husbands.