This is especially depicted in the trial scene. The court case is clearly going in favor of Tom Robinson, however, because of the intolerant nature of the people in the courtroom and on the jury, it appears that there is no possible way for Tom to receive justice. Jill May writes about this and conveys, “ No one, save Jem and his youthful converts, expects Atticus to win. The black minister who has befriended the children warns, ‘I ain’t ever seen any jury decide in favor of a colored man over a white man’”(304). The concept of southern justice is illustrated here because even the faithful and lively black onlookers recognize and anticipate that the court will rule in favor of Bob Ewell, yet they watch in sorrow at the unfair cruelty of the horrible injustice.
. . then somebody yanked Mr. Ewell down.’ ” (pg. 270) Mr. Ewell meant business in this section of the book, he tried to kill Jem and Scout or severely injure them. This just shows that Bob was trying to get back at Atticus for trying to defend a black man against him and his daughter in court.
It’s human nature to want to protect ourselves from danger or getting in trouble. The same thing happens in To Kill a Mockingbird by the majority of the characters whenever something happens that incriminates them. A demonstration of self-preservation in the novel is when Atticus is cross-examining Mayella Ewell in court. During the cross-examination, Atticus says, “What did your father see in the window, the crime of the rape or the best defense to it? Why don’t you tell the truth, child, didn’t Bob Ewell beat you up?” (Lee 251).
Because of white supremacy, unfairness in the courtroom, and the way people are treated because of their skin color, a leading theme of To Kill a Mockingbird is power and corruption. As soon as Tom Robinson enters the courtroom the case is basically over, all because of his skin color. In the 1930’s you could get away with anything against a person of color, as long as you were a white person. "I got somethin ' to say an ' then I ain 't gonna say no more. That nigger yonder took advantage of me an ' if you fine fancy gentlemen don 't wanta do nothin ' about it then you 're all yellow stinkin ' cowards, stinkin ' cowards, the lot of you.
An example of this would be the beginning of chapter 22. Atticus had told Jem that the jury had called an African American guilty and “they’ll do it again and when they do it-seems that only children weep.”(Lee 243). After the Atticus lost the case against Mr. Gilmer, Jem had said that he could not understand why the jury had said that Tom Robinson was guilty. But Atticus had said that he doesn’t know why they counted him guilty but they have done it before and will continue to make him guilty. Even though the readers know that Tom Robinson is not guilty, the court had ruled that Tom Robinson was guilty, due to the amount of racism found in Maycomb.
In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch employs pathos and diction in his closing argument to the jury and the people of Maycomb in order to persuade them to see beyond their prejudice and free Tom Robinson. Atticus informs the jury about the evil assumptions that society makes about Negroes. Pathos is used to persuade the jury when Atticus says, “Some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women—black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men” (Lee 273). In saying this, Atticus tries to convince the audience and jury that everyone is capable of making mistakes, and differences in appearance does not mean that groups of people are superior to others.
He has his own beliefs on the rights of the African American community and teaches his kids the rights and the wrongs of the world. Atticus stands up against the community when he goes to the jailhouse by himself to protect Tom Robinson. “You can turn around and go home again, Walter” (Harper 202) This quote shows that everybody in the community stood against Atticus while he went to the courthouse to protect someone’s life regardless of their skin color. To Kill A MockingBird uses point of view and setting in different ways to help progress the theme of moral courage. Point of view is very important in the development of the theme of moral courage because we see Scout as an innocent child whose morality has not been tampered with but then we see that she is growing up and so are her ideas.
He was accused of raping Bob Ewell’s daughter, Mayella. Atticus has a strong case in court because Mayella had bruises on her left cheek and Bob Ewell was left handed whereasalthough Tom Robinson is right-handed a righty. Tom is like a mockingbird because he is innocent. Atticus uses the analogy of the mockingbird to convey to Scout (and to the reader) that the innocent need to be protected. That is why Atticus has chosen to defend Tom Robinson even thoughalthough most of the town had already assumed he was
Respect is a hand, calling out, waving, waiting to be picked on to express its views on a topic. People look up to it, and admire its nobility and intelligence. The book To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is set during the time of the Great Depression and the Jim Crow laws, when black people and white people did not have the same rights as each other. The book is told in the point of view of Scout, a young girl whose father is a lawyer for a trial for Tom Robinson. Tom Robinson is a black man who was accused of raping a young white girl, Mayella Ewell.
Racism is still alive whether you go down south or up the street. As an African American I can see the way a person looks at you are thinking that you are lower than them just because of an increased amount of pigment in your skin. Even blacks take it too far like the black lives matter and all the police problems. All lives matter from white to black because we are God’s children and a created equal in His eyes and he sent his son Jesus to die on the cross for everyone it is our choice to accept the gift not our skin color. Yes, some police officers are not going to like black people it does not mean all police officers hate blacks.