Is play necessary for Development? Introduction Fantasy, make believe, fun, pretending! These words express the innocence and creativity every child has as they grow up. When we are kids we can’t wait to be adults and now that we are adults, we dream of being kid’s again. Little boys pretend to be superheroes saving the world and girls dream of being princesses searching for their perfect prince. This is all part of the process of growing up. Children are constantly finding new ways of playing with their favorite toy or passing onto a new level on their game consoles. Whether or not these challenges are aiding a child’s development as they become adults is something that needs to be explored. Play is a concept that has been studied by …show more content…
The two most influential psychologists who have explored this area are Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Both of these psychologists viewed play as important for a child’s cognitive and social development. Like Groos, Piaget also accepted that play prepared children for adulthood. However, he expanded on this theory and realized that play has vital importance on a child’s social and cognitive abilities. Through his stage theory, he believed that a new capability could be achieved at each level. Piaget looked at play as more related to the process of assimilation and accommodation. For example, a little boy who is used to playing football with a ball would, in a new game, use the ball as a weapon to kill his opponents. He would use his knowledge of the ball to apply it to a new situation. Piaget also believed that roles and rules were important in cognitive development. He believed that if a child was playing a game with his friends, it is important for the children to choose different roles for each other and have rules as to how the game would be played. This allowed the child to act out the desired character they may want to be when they grow up. For example, a little girl may play a game of teacher with a black board and friends or toys as her students. He saw this as important for their intellectual, social and problem solving …show more content…
He regarded play as aiding cognitive and language skills which helped prepare them for adulthood. Vygotsky referred to play as only occurring in the preschool ages. He observed that children at a pre school age experience more cognitive development than children of an older age. He argued (Vygotsky, 1933) that “there arise in a child of this age many unrealizable tendencies and immediately unrealizable desires. A very young child tends to gratify his desires at once” (p.2). He contrasted this with children who are older with them being able to identify their needs and give a reason as to why they do a certain
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
The key features of an effective play based learning environment are that children able to play uninterrupted for long periods of time and are able to choose from a range of resources and areas, letting them choose activities on their own accord. Children are able to develop a wide variety of skills by having lots of various resources to choose from. 2.5 Explain why both adult initiated and child initiated play and learning activities are important for children from birth to five years In an Early Years setting we allow children to participate in child initiated play. By allowing children to choose which resources they would like to play with let’s them explore their favourite type of activity, and have a sense of independence.
Even if you’re not involved in their play it offers a sense of reassurance to children. You can also support a play based approach to learning by encouraging children to play with things they may not have played with before e.g playing with the resource yourself alongside the child. If a child sees what you can do with the resource then they are more likely to eventually participate along side you, copying what you are doing. 4.3 Evaluate different materials and equipment to support play based learning opportunities for children in their early years
Also, play helps children to develop their physical, mental, social and emotionally. If children and young people have access to good play provision then it many benefits for them, these may be: • It will help to increase the children and young people’s awareness, self-esteem and self-respect. • It will give them opportunity to mix with other children whatever their background or ability are. •
Introduction Developmental psychology makes an attempt to comprehend the types and sources of advancement in children’s cognitive, social, and language acquisition skills. The pioneering work done by early child development theorists has had a significant influence on the field of psychology as we know it today. The child development theories put forward by both Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson have had substantial impacts on contemporary child psychology, early childhood education, and play therapy. In this essay, I aim to highlight the contribution of these two theorists in their study of various developmental stages, the differences and similarities in their theories, and their contributions to the theory and practice of play therapy.
Children are able to develop and practise motor skills and bodily movements through physical plays. During some cognitive games, such as board games and educational toys, children can improve their mental fitness and brain function. Play also provides opportunities for children to make friends, to negotiate with others, and to develop their communication skills. It helps extend language and improve children’s social ability. I believed that play is essential to children’s education that cannot be minimized and separated from learning.
The video Understanding Play Behavior and Themes in Play Therapy explained process, goals, child’s behavior, and the therapist’s behaviors during play therapy. The main points discussed in the video were when Garry Landreth explained the importance of staying out of the child’s play. Dr. Landreth explained that that process of play therapy is important not the product. Client-center play therapists understand that there are not any goals; it is not play if we choose the goals for the child to work on. Furthermore, another important point Dr. Landreth discussed was playing in teams, such as baseball or soccer is not play for the child because there are many strict rules.
In general, playing is the mutual popular activity among children because playing is fun and flexible, it can be personal, with the presence of others or with the social presence of others (De Kort & Ijsselsteijn, 2008). The researchers and experts believe that the power of play has an important psychological role in children’s development, as reinforced by Sutton-Smith (1993, p. 279) using “play as progress” and “play ethos” by Peter Smith (1988, p. 166) both cited in Pellegrini (1995). Goldstein (2012) stated that pretend play is one of the common types of interactive social play among 2- to 6-years-old children. He also mentioned that as children grow, the nature and function of pretend play will also change from simple imitation to more
Brief History Jean Piaget was a Twentieth century Swiss psychologist and was the first psychologist to systematically study the cognitive development of children. Thomas (2005) wrote that early in Piaget’s career he worked with children and his observations and interactions with the students led him to the theory that a young person's cognitive processes are inherently different from those of adults (pp. 188-9). According to Ahmad, et al. (2005) , Piaget showed that when compared to adults, young children think in differently and he then came to the conclusion that cognitive development was an ongoing process which occurred due to maturation and interaction with the environment (p. 72).
Despite it being easy to list down various play activities, it is difficult to come up with a set definition for it although it is widely accepted that play should very much be free, unstructured and mostly child-initiated. The purpose of play and the supposed benefits the different types of play aids in the development of a child will be further discussed. Given that play is such an integral part of a child’s life, based on evolutionary perspectives, there has to be a reason why children engage in play and thus classical play theories attempt to explain the purpose of play.
Introduction Developmental psychology makes an attempt to comprehend the types and sources of advancement in children’s cognitive, social, and language acquisition skills. The child development theories put forward by both Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson have had substantial impacts on contemporary play therapy. In this essay, I aim to highlight the contribution of these two theorists in their study of various developmental stages, the differences and similarities in their theories, and their contributions to the theory and practice of play therapy. Jean Piaget
Play is children’s way of thinking through solving problem. They contribute their own information to combine new information and skills. They also could use their experience to build new idea about objects, situations and people. This is where they develop in aspect of cognitive. Play and learning could be linked where it develop children development and area of learning, and enable children to achieve their potential.
Play Observation and Reflection “Play has been proven to be of benefit to all children” (“Development Across the Domains,” (n.d). Assessment of play can occur in many different ways. First, an observation can be either formal or informal. When an assessment is formal, it is usually done through tests and instruments used for research and requires specialized training.
Choosing The Best Educational Toys For Toddlers When the kids play with the right types of children toys, their physical, mental, emotional, social, and communication skills develop better and faster. Playing is vital for child development. Those who had insufficient learning experiences as an infant, toddler or preschooler faced learning problems later at school. When children play with toys and various game items, they unknowingly learn different core and sophisticated skills. Parents can regulate the game so that it continues to maintain an educational role.
Through engaging in joyful play, children also build meaning and develop skills closely associated with oral development. The idea is not new, it was framed theoretically by Piaget (1962) and Vygotsky (1978), and researched as early as 1974 by wolfgang (Whitehurst & Lonighan, 1998) . The issue of play and oral development was considered in the work of Piaget (1962) and Vygotsky (1978) as an aspect of child development. However the theorists did not consider the relationship between play and oral skills development among the children. This makes this as an emergent perspective of the theory.