As humans, all of us are entitled to human rights and children are entitled to their own rights. This comes in the form of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC, 1989) as world leaders recognised that people under the age of 18 might need special care and consideration. Under the CRC, the articles listed recognised the child’s rights to various issues such as the “inherent right to life” from Article 6.1 and the “right to freedom of expression” from Article 13.1. It even recognises the “right of the child to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational activities appropriate to the age of the child” as seen from Article 31.1. This signifies the importance of play in a child’s life. There are many theories that support play as a way for the child to develop socially, cognitively and emotionally. Despite it being easy to list down various play activities, it is difficult to come up with a set definition for it although it is widely accepted that play should very much be free, unstructured and mostly child-initiated. The purpose of play and the supposed benefits the different types of play aids in the development of a child will be further discussed. Given that play is such an integral part of a child’s life, based on evolutionary perspectives, there has to be a reason why children engage in play and thus classical play theories attempt to explain the purpose of play. These include Surplus Energy theory, Recreational theory by Lazarus (1883), Practice
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There are a numbers of policies with the UK that affect the safeguarding of children and young people. The United Nations brought in the Convention of the Rights of the Child 1989 which sets out the rights of children. Included in these rights are the right to an education, the right to privacy and the right to be protected from physical harm, abuse and exploitation. The rights apply to all children and ensure that they are protected and looked after in an appropriate way.
The key features of an effective play based learning environment are that children able to play uninterrupted for long periods of time and are able to choose from a range of resources and areas, letting them choose activities on their own accord. Children are able to develop a wide variety of skills by having lots of various resources to choose from. 2.5 Explain why both adult initiated and child initiated play and learning activities are important for children from birth to five years In an Early Years setting we allow children to participate in child initiated play. By allowing children to choose which resources they would like to play with let’s them explore their favourite type of activity, and have a sense of independence.
When arranging activities for play based learning within early years provision there can be barriers towards it from taking place. Before the week begins, planning is needed. When planned activities are prepared resources are needed too. Resources can become a barrier towards play. This is because the resources that were needed were not available to be used.
Even if you’re not involved in their play it offers a sense of reassurance to children. You can also support a play based approach to learning by encouraging children to play with things they may not have played with before e.g playing with the resource yourself alongside the child. If a child sees what you can do with the resource then they are more likely to eventually participate along side you, copying what you are doing. 4.3 Evaluate different materials and equipment to support play based learning opportunities for children in their early years
• Be told what their rights are. United Nations Convention on the Rights of a Child 1989 The UK signed up to this treaty in 1991. This sets out the rights of children in a set of 54 articles, some of these are to ensure children are safe and looked after. All the countries who have signed up to this are legally obligated to implement legislation that relates to the articles. Some of the articles that relate to the rights of children include: • Children need to be shown love and feel secure • Children have the right to family life • A child’s right to be protected from all forms of abuse or neglect
For this extended assignment I am going to focus on play and the importance of play is for children and young people. I am going to focus on children up to age of 6. “Play is a spontaneous and active process in which thinking, feeling and doing can flourish.” (http://www.playwales.org.uk/ ). Play is Important for children and young people’s as it can help children to build their confidence.
Children are able to develop and practise motor skills and bodily movements through physical plays. During some cognitive games, such as board games and educational toys, children can improve their mental fitness and brain function. Play also provides opportunities for children to make friends, to negotiate with others, and to develop their communication skills. It helps extend language and improve children’s social ability. I believed that play is essential to children’s education that cannot be minimized and separated from learning.
At the end of the article, the authors propose that there should be more research studies on adulthood play. In conclusion, this article illustrates how important play is for adults and emphasizes the benefits of play. Discussion
It is important that children are able to receive holistic care while in a play environment, both inside and outside. Some of the principles which would apply to both indoor and outdoor play include a child centred practice, ensuring the child 's welfare and safety, promoting a child 's rights, and enabling a child to reach their full potential. It is important that we provide a child centred practice, as it promotes a child 's learning and development through play. By having a child centred approach, we should support the children giving them guidance, but to allow the opportunities for them to learn independently, instead of taking over an activity and showing them. It encourages us as practitioners, to encourage children to explore and to make their own
The author, Stephen T. Asma, claimed that play is the most essential part of humans from his excerpt “Reclaiming the Power of Play”. The author started off by saying that of all human activities play is second to none, given what he mentioned of Friedrich Nietzsche’s work in “Thus Spoke Zarathustra” and the description of the “three-step development of the human spirit” – first the human spirit takes on the form of a camel because it has to be highly responsible for taking on cultural duties such as ethical duties, social hierarchy, and the burden of tradition; second the camel changes into a lion and gets into the rebellion phase where a law-abiding person is freed from being submissive and is transformed into someone with power; and third the rebellion phase transforms into the highest level of humanity which symbolizes innocence and creative. It is true that play is very important, everyone started out with “play”.
Play therapy refers to a method of psychotherapy with children in which a therapist uses a child's fantasies and the symbolic meanings of his or her play as a medium for understanding and communication with the child. The aim of play therapy is to decrease those behavioural and emotional difficulties that interfere significantly with a child's normal functioning. Inherent in this aim is improved communication and understanding between the child and his parents. Less obvious
My Philosophy as an Early Childhood Educator I believe that children are young learners that can develop new skills through play, hands-on, and using concrete materials. As Friedrich Frobel once stated that play is a key role to explore the environment and learn from their experiences beginning from birth. This reflects why it’s important to have early education to build the base and the basic skills for their future development. There are many theories and pioneers that have helped us built and enforce our knowledge in Early Childhood Education field including children with any special needs.
ARTICLE SUMMARY “Reclaiming the Power of Play” by Stephen T. Asma is an article about how there should be more philosophical studies appreciating the intrinsic value of play. In this article, Asma writes about how play is important and how it is important not just because of its extrinsic value but its intrinsic value. Yet, philosophical writing currently doesn’t reflect that and should do so.
The process of play through different stages such as parallel play, solitary play and collaborative play are essential in the education process and development in children. My classroom will encompass structured and unstructured play to help students learn and develop. Play will include this such as children working together in playing an educational game, doing theater together and art. Less structured play as free playtime inside or outside of the classroom will be used daily. During play I will observe my students to see how they interact with each other, how they are developing physically and emotional and use these observations to develop the best possible educational environment.