The Political and Economic Gains of the Crusades In 1095, Pope Urban II called upon people to fight the Muslim control of Jerusalem. In response to his call for war, tens of thousands of peasants, nobles, and clergy gathered in Western Europe. From 1096 to 1099, armies of these people, called Crusaders, departed from Western Europe to Jerusalem. This would result in nine major Crusades, from 1095-1291. The purpose of the Crusades were for political and economic gain because of the military threat from the Muslims, potential resulting success, and control of Jerusalem. One of the political and economic benefits of the Crusades was the defeat of Muslim enemies. In Pope Urban II’s 1095 speech that asked for recruits, it stated, “They have occupied more and more of the lands of those Christians, and have overcome them in seven battles. They have killed and captured many, and have destroyed the churches and devastated the empire” (Document 1). Pope Urban II wanted Christians to go to the Middle East to fight because Arabs and Turks attacked their fellow Christians and conquered Christian land. This is proved evident in the 1096 book, Solomon bar Samson by a Jewish Chronicler, that stated, “‘Look …show more content…
In the late 11th century’s “Chronicles of Fulk of Chartres” detailing the financial benefits of the Crusades, it stated, “For those who were poor there, here God makes rich. Those who had few coins, here possess countless besants ; and those who had not had a villa, here, by the gift of God, already possess a city” (Document 3). The Europeans, not necessarily Christians, who went to fight in the Middle East came to inhabit land with money and power to their name. The financial benefits of fighting as a Crusader were inheritance, wealth, and power. It provided an opportunity for many to start anew in the lands they traveled, while they fought righteously in the name of the
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To what extent was the First Crusade a catalyst for future Crusades? Preparations for the First Crusade was initiated by Pope Urban II in 1095. He gave a rousing speech to the people of Clermont calling the Christian arms to aid the Byzantine Christians in retaking the “holy land”. The Holy land was an area between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea, it was the shared holy land of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The famous Siege of Jerusalem was next on the crusaders agenda however Baldwin of Boulogne had other ideas, he left the crusaders and made “a naked claim to the land along the route” (Gregory, 2010, p. 327)
Pope Urban II called upon all Christians into this war, calling those who don’t believe in God Heathens and providing reason to take control of Jerusalem again. Also assuring that the soldiers of this war will get an admission into Heaven. (Document 1) Christians, no matter the empire or region were being united by the Crusades through their love of Christ. (Document 2) French and German crusaders invaded a Jewish City, killing people for sanctification of the Lord. (Document 5)
Christians fought the crusade wars not because of material rewards they would receive, but because the Church would exonerate their sins in exchange for fulfilling their pledge to the crusade or die
Religion had a huge effect on the Crusades and how it played out in the long run the economy during the Crusades was changing a lot and for the better in some aspects. One thing that changed was the Increased trade in international trade across the Mediterranean which gave them more new products and increased sales. The products they got were Spices, sugar, dates, watermelon, lemons, Cotton cloth, Persian carpets, and other things too. Another thing that happened was Technology of Islamic achievements was now known in the west and east Europe giving them more ideas. paper, water wheels, and better castle buildings were also brought back to Europe.
Wealth drives almost everything in today’s world, and that greedy nature stretched back to that area of time as well. The things that made people wealthy during that time were mostly land and of course, coins. This is seen primarily in a document by Fulk of Chatre’s Chronicles of the Crusades, where he says, “Those who had few coins, here possess countless besants, and those who had not a villa, here… already possess a city.” These words reveal how successful people became when they survived the bloody battles of the crusades and the wealth they managed to earn. Another part of the document says, “Some already possess here homes and servants which they have received through inheritance.”
The Crusades: A series of religious intentions Sometimes in life many actions are caused by things that we want. The Crusades could have been caused by religious devotion, or political and economic gain. Which one is more justified? The crusades were a chain of wars between the Muslims and Christians to gain control of the Holy Land.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between Christians and Muslims in the Middle Ages, spanning over 200 years, that began in 1095 and lasted until the fall of Tripoli in 1291. The Crusades started as a direct result of Pope Urban ii's speech at Clermont in 1095, where, due to his religiously based outlook on life, he characterized Muslims as violent and immoral and depicted the Crusaders as righteous defenders of Christianity. Pope Urban ii's speech perfectly represents the European's attitude towards the Muslim groups they were attacking; however, these attitudes were modified to fit various other ethnic groups, such as Jewish and Eastern Christians. The Crusaders associated many Jewish groups with negative aspects such as
The Crusades were the wars and military expeditions of the Christians and Muslims. The Christians were fighting to regain Jerusalem, “the Holy Land” which was under the control of the Muslims . Most of the land around the Holy land had also been captured by the Muslims . The Crusades started when Pope Urban II pleaded to the people to go to war to regain what belonged to the Christians. This was just the start of the deaths and wars for the many years to come.
With the goal of reconquering the Holy Lands of the Middle East, many Western Europeans supported a series of military conquests called the Crusades. As seen in the documents the religious figures who supported the Crusades had an idealized vision of the unification and religious zeal the Crusades would bring to the Christian faith, but for many of the actual crusaders, the cause of the crusades was a hope for economic gain through pillage. Although one of the original causes of the Crusades, according to religious figures, was to support the Byzantines and perhaps reunify the Eastern and Western churches, they resulted in increased feelings of tension in the Christian churches and actually aided creating a closer connection between different
In the 11th century, Pope Urban II called all Europeans to fight in the crusades. The Crusades lasted from 1096- 1291. People wanted to fight for God and the pope to get back the Holy Land. The Seljuk Turks, who were Muslims, inhabited the Holy Land at this time. The Muslims were not treating the Holy Land and God in the way Christians believed they should be treated.
The Crusades began as an attempt to regain Jerusalem, the Catholic Holy Land, from the Muslims. There were three initial crusades, and the best verdict they reached was a treaty at the end of the third. The Fourth Crusade only succeed in trashing Constantinople, but another crusade began; however, it lacked public support. This 5th crusade was the strange and ill-fated Children’s Crusade. Hungry for success, this Christian army was made up of thousands of children of various ages.
Pope Urban II’s speech at Clermont in 1095 was a call to crusade given outdoors to the nobles, commoners and church leaders of the Western European Christians (the Franks). The people were moved by this speech and it changed history, launching the first crusade to capture Jerusalem from the Muslim Turks. After hearing Pope Urban II’s speech, thousands of Western European Christians were moved to embark on the dangerous journey and fight in the crusade. I believe the main reasons they were moved and persuaded to fight was; 1) they felt it was their Christian duty, 2) Pope Urban promised them absolution for their sins and 3) they felt compelled to defend Christianity, their holy land and the Eastern Christians.
The Crusades were successful failures because they did not meet many of their goals, but left lasting effects. The Crusades was an attempt by the Roman Catholic Church to regain the Holy Lands from the Muslims. They believed they were fighting for god and all sins would be forgiven and defend the Byzantine Empire from the Turks. The first Crusade (1096 -1099) was successful for the Christians because they had a clear and organized religious based purpose. Crusaders the Christian armies were able to hold Jerusalem and in the process led to a massacre of Jews.
Although the Crusades failed the Holy Land, they had a lasting outcome on the way the Europeans lived. This is (important/interesting/relevant) because When the Crusaders returned they Europe they had brought back spices, sugar, and silk; many nobles and merchants enjoyed the new products and wanted more of them Document 2 states that Merchants in Venice and other northern Italian cities built large fleets to carry crusaders to the Holy Land. And later used those fleets to open new markets in the Crusaders’
The crusades were a a war effort that began with Pope Urban II in 1095. The crusades were a call to all Christians to free the holy lands of Jerusalem. The message consisted of several factors most being with glory and fortune from capturing the holy lands. The holy land was seen as a and ideal of “ignominy and irreverently polluted with filthiness”. the bible was used as incentive, for example gospel verses were used in a manner of intent to arouse men to leave their houses, brethren, father, mother, wife, and children or lands.