The letter opens with a strong introduction that indicates the dangers posed to the American nation as a result of the discovery of the atomic bomb, and its subsequent placement into the hands of the American military. The author then explains that the atomic bombs were useful in case America was at the threat of being attacked by the same weapons, but the phase of war then, did not favor the US using atomic bombs on Japan. Szilard recommends alternatives that should be pursued and that America reexamines its position on the use of atomic bombs. Finally, Leo gives out reasons why it would be a bad idea for America to attack
After the war, they may simply replace Nazi Germany as the new tyrannical power in the world. This bomb, however, would dissuade them. President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bomb was a necessary evil. Many millions of US and Japanese casualties would have resulted if an invasion of the Japanese home islands was required. By the taking of these Japanese lives, the President has saved the rest.
Could the viewpoints and arguments that were brought up from the scientists made him truly have second thoughts on what to do? Could the critical reading that he did with this letter have made him doubt what the right answer was? Though, the case was strong from Leo Szilard’s “Petition to the President” the United Stated decided it had no other choice but to use atomic power to win World War II and against Japan for their actions against our
The whole point of this “cold war” was to maintain a peace among uneasy times, which did not work. The “A” bomb is the most powerful and destructive nuclear weapon of today. It would not have been made if it were not for the cold war. The bombing of Hiroshima ended the war between the United States and Japan. The long fall of communism was a necessity to the nature of history and peace.
In 1945, when it became open knowledge that President Truman and his cabinet planned on using atomic weapons against Japan, a group of scientists who had worked on the project that led to the Atomic bomb, decided to protest. With Leo Szilard in the lead, an appeal was written to the President. This petition asked the President “to rule that the United States shall not, in the present phase of the war, resort to the use of atomic bombs” (Szilard). This letter contained the use of both ethos and pathos in hopes of convincing the President to change his point of view. While the use of pathos and egos was effective, the fact that Szilard was a nuclear physicist would have leant greater credibility to his letter than trying to appeal emotionally
Japan had been attacking and invading America for years, possibly trying to provoke retaliation. It was smart of Roosevelt to wait until Europe was defeated, because if the Nazis were not defeated before the atomic bomb was dropped, Germany would have had the time to gain strength, there would not have been as many troops and weapons during the final battles in Europe. Dropping the second bomb was another good decision because it let Japan know that they had more bombs and they would use them. If Japan believed they only had one, they would retaliate and continue the war. Nagasaki was America saying the war had to end
The purpose of these investigations was to ensure loyalty to the United States, but the system was not without flaws. The proceedings were often leaked to the media and an anxious public.” (Case Against the Rosenbergs) The government tried to make sure that all members of the communist party would be unable to secure government or important jobs. The article states, “There was no penalty for perjury. While the board did not have the authority to imprison people it found guilty, some were fired when they could not prove their loyalty. Their names were often publicized, and they were denied other jobs.” (Case Against the Rosenbergs) This was the government’s method of trying to calm and pacify the public and it for the most part worked.
This fear includes communism not only within our nation but internationally as well. As secretary of state, John Foster Dulles stated that if communism captures any American state it will “increase the danger to the entire free world” (Document B). Moreover, Dulles feared Latin America particularly due to their close proximity and the idea that if one state becomes communist then the rest will follow, otherwise known as the domino theory. However, a note to keep in mind about Dulles is that he favored the policy of massive retaliation, a nuclear strategy supporting the idea that if the United States was attacked, we would retaliate with an even greater force which only intensified the fear. In addition, not only were we afraid of what the Soviets would do to those states around them, but a striking fear became present through the possibility of spies within the United States.
Another “weapon”, the Soviet Union had was also the United States fear of nuclear weapons because they were in an arm race. Which in document 7, describes it as the “... buildup to a “balance of terror”, which some saw as a deterrent to war”. Both nations feared the others use of the nuclear weapons and who had more or whose were more
They were thinking too much about the US instead of creating actually peace within the nations. President Truman was treating people even worst by putting them through the torture of the bomb and the resulting effects of the bomb. Time became a major factor into the decision, and dropping the bomb was a result of that fear. On the other side of the argument, the Japanese did bomb Pearl Harbor which was the catalyst that got America involved in the first place. We as a country should not need to compromise with the nation who started the battle.
Nuclear Warheads--easily destructive to an entire city, state, or nation-- were starting to be built and tested among both sides of the Cold War around 1950. These new weapons, capable of mass death, caused Americans to fear even further because “any major Soviet attack would be met with a massive nuclear response” (Kuran). Ultimately, Kennedy must convince not just America, but the world that a peaceful resolution is the best way to solve a problem rather than devastating warfare. When describing, “man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life” (Kennedy), Kennedy immediately instills fear in the American people through the emotional appeal, pathos. This residing fear of death will later help him in his speech when convincing the nation that rather than fighting a dangerous war, the world must unite through a “peaceful revolution of hope” (Kennedy).
In August 1945 the first, and last atomic bombs were used in war. For various reasons, Truman had chose the best option for ending the war. In 1945 the war in Europe just ended and the Allied Nations were looking for a way to make sure a world war did not break out again. Although the war had ended, Russia still had control over Poland, and America was concerned that Russia might continue to take land. Meanwhile in the pacific, America was still in a war with Japan.
As World War II came to an end, so would an era. The deafening thunder of the nuclear age was ushered in as two atomic bombs were dropped on Japan, the new weapon being one of most destructive and decisive armaments ever. This new age of cold war was defined by the new nuclear bomb. From peace to conflict, the bomb was ever present in the minds of foreign policy makers all over the world. While created as a weapon of war, the nuclear bomb became the main reason peace was seen at all during the Cold War.
According to William D. Leahy, the Chief of Staff to President Franklin Roosevelt and President Harry Truman and a very close aide to both presidents believed that the surrendering of Japan could be arranged without the use of an atomic bomb and invasions on their mainland. Another reason why we should have not used the bomb was because it was very immoral for America to drop the atomic bombs. The dropping of Little Boy and Fat Man resulted in many people to die in a very horrible manner. America could of have always taken a different approach when it came to defeating Japan because dropping the atomic bombs was a horrible decision that should have never