Inequality between genders and norms on tolerating violence against women are the root causes of violence against women in Canada (Violence against women, n.d.). Women in Canada are at a greater risk than men when it comes to domestic violence, sexual assault and sex trafficking (Gender-based violence, n.d.). Despite the various numbers of programs and rules that have been developed to counter the violence against women in Canada, studies have shown violence against women in Canada continues firmly and is one of the major problems in the society (Violent victimization of aboriginal women in the Canadian provinces, 2009). The United Nations defines violence against women as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to …show more content…
2008). These consequences accompanied with the violent acts are likely to cause negative effects on the society as a whole (World Health Organization 2011). For instance, employers could experience low productivity and less output from their employees while women 's informal aid networks e.g. families and friends are probable to alter their daily duties to provide aid to victims of violence (Reeves and O 'Leary-Kelly 2007, AuCoin and Beauchamp 2007). This is in addition to the societal expenses related to delivering and maintain health care, justice-related services to people who are victimized including the costs related to the criminal justice response to the accused (Johnson and Dawson 2011). In 2009, 76% of women who experienced violence disclosed only to family, friends and their neighbours (Impact of violence against women, 2015). The consequences of violence against women in can be far-reaching in general. The experiences of violence indirectly have the chances of reminding others in the society of the potential risk of being victimized also which in return increases the fear level within the society (Johnson and Dawson 2011). In particular, children are more likely to witness spousal violence. This exposure to violence has the chance of causing a long-term emotional and behavioural issues thereby sustaining costs to the socio criminal justice system for later years (Holt et al. 2008). The provincial and territorial child welfare legislation considers the witness of violence against parents by children as a form of maltreatment which requires the involvement of the provincial and territorial child welfare/children 's aid (Trocme et al.
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The Impact of Domestic Violence on the Aboriginal Community Domestic violence in Aboriginal community is a cause for concern regarding Aboriginal women 's health and safety. According to Kubik, Bourassa, and Hampton (2009) “In Canada, Aboriginal women have faced destruction in their communities and families as a result of multiple forms of oppression. Aboriginal women experience the highest rates of violence and abuse of any population in Canada”(p.29). Domestic violence is defined by Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary (2015) as “ the inflicting of physical injury by one family or household member on another; also: a repeated or habitual pattern of such behavior”. The objective is to look at the cause of domestic violence aimed at Aboriginal
Yes, you can apply for an “intervention order” against Tom to prevent him from having contact with you and the children. Intervention Orders The law recognises the detrimental effect that family violence has on adults and children, as a result, in Victoria through “Intervention Orders”, the court aims to maximise the safety of anyone who is affected or exposed to any form of violence by prohibiting particular acts or conduct of the alleged offender against the alleged victims. You can apply for an intervention order at your local magistrates court, this is a relatively simple process without any previous requirements. Moreover, intervention orders can be granted urgently when the court is satisfied that the safety of the applicants is
Introduction Domestic violence is a pervasive and complex social problem that has an enormously detrimental impact on individuals, primarily women and children, throughout the entirety of Australia. The Labor Party has focused on this issue in chapter 9 of their national platform (Australian Labor Party, 2015). Recognizing the gross violation of gender equality that domestic violence represents, the Labor Party states that it’s eradication “must be a national priority”. The primary solution recommended by the Labor party is an integrated response that advocates change on a local, state and national level. The party plans to prioritize full implementation of the National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children 2010-2022, a
Nowadays domestic violence can happen to anyone, regardless of race, sexual orientation, income, gender, or ethnicity. Currently 3 million victims of physical assaults in the USA are men (Domestic Violence: Statistics & Facts, 2015). One in four women will be exposed to domestic violence during her lifetime (Domestic Violence: Statistics & Facts, 2015). Women between 20 years old to 24 years old are more likely to experience domestic violence (Domestic Violence: Statistics & Facts, 2015). Around 4 million women experience rape and physical assaults by their partners (Domestic Violence: Statistics & Facts, 2015).
Feminist literature examines how the language used by the Muskoka Initiative that is paternalistic and essentialist and does not include gender equality in its mandate (Tiessan). It critiques not only the way women are portrayed by the initiative as mothers instead of women, but also how patriarchal and essentialist understandings of women are perpetuated because the initiative fails to address the systemic gender barriers women face. Maternal mortality cannot be overcome unless gender equality is addressed, because in order to move forward in women’s health women’s rights need to be protected, promoted, and advanced (Hord and Wolf). The literature also highlights how Canada, as a country with progressive conceptions of women’s rights needs to use this stance to support programs both at home and abroad that allow for women and girls to achieve gender equality.
Growing up in since elementary school we were always taught that police officers were placed in the streets to protect and serve. Even in children television shows when in need of help or safety 911 was the number to call. Over the years thanks to the popularity of camera phones gruesome videos of police brutality have wen viral on the internet. Which in turn has forced publications to report on these murders. Looking through the history of mankind it is evident that when one is put in to power it is most likely they will abuse this power, police officers are no different.
Canada is the land of diversity. There are people from almost country here it is believed that about one in five women and girls who live in Canada were born in another country. There are a lot of women that migrate to Canada every year. “Immigrant women are often uprooted from their native countries against their will and come to find themselves trapped in abusive relationships without any means of emotional, financial or legal support”. “These women usually have no one to turn to for support other than the aggressor and/or his family.
Canada is supposed to be a discrimination free/protected country; therefore, everyone is supposed to be treated equally and fairy. In 2015, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights released revolutionary reports on the situation of missing and murdered Aboriginal women in Canada. CEDAW found Canada to be in violation of the UN Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women. The IACHR report, similarly, found that Canada is legally required to improve its response to the violence, pursuant to its obligations under the Charter of the Organization of American States and the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man. (Yeo, 2016)
The risk assessment mandate of the current child protection practice is crop up in connection with individual responsibility of neo-liberal ideology. The right of the worker is given during their “mandate to investigate, monitor, assess and dispose of” (Strega & Carriere, 2009 p.16) of child protection cases under the legal system. As a result of child protection practice merely becomes a risk assessment model of bureaucratic approach. Apparently, child protection in Canada turns out as a mechanical social intervention with more focus on short-term remedial recommendations and limited or no emphasis on the holistic view of the problem (Strega & Carriere, 2009 p.20). This process is not really supporting the family in terms of a long term “helping, healing and change”.
In this article Ravneet Kaur and Suneela Garg define domestic violence, one of the many forms of violence against women. This form of violence is present in all countries, cultures, ages, ethnic groups, and in people of all economic levels. Within domestic violence there are different forms of violence including: physical assault, sexual abuse, economic, psychologic and emotional violence. Kaur and Garg also address in this article the reason why women stay in this relationships and what leads to domestic violence. I will use this article to write about one of the many forms of violence against women and what leads to it.
Every day, normal people perform horrific acts, but not everyone is born bad. In the case of child abuse, the violence cycle is very relevant. It has been found that “among adults who were abused as children, between one-fifth and one-third abuse their own children” (Widom 160). This cycle of violence affects many people around the world. When a child is born, they are completely innocent from the realities of the world.
Universally, domestic violence is referred to abusive behavior that is used by the intimate partner to control or power over the other intimate power. This can be in the forms of psychological, sexual, economic or emotional threats or actions that will influence your partner (Kindschi,2013).Domestic violence studies provides that psychopathology, which happens when in violent environment in child development can make the argument of domestic violence progress of being a generational legacy (Kindschi,2013).I chose to write about the Feminist Theory to explain why people commit domestic violence. It believes that the root causes of domestic violence is the outcome of living in a society that condones aggressive behavior by men, while women
According to the Clark County Prosecuting Attorney, “Battered women suffer physical and mental problems as a result of domestic violence.” They also have to call their work places and ask for days off due being sick from the violence that they experience, obvious marks of the violence that they cannot hide. The major reason for why women get injured a lot is due to battering, which includes being mugged and being raped. They also mentioned that the emotional and physiological abuse someone experiences is a lot more expensive to treat than the physical abuse. The physical abuse will cause more harm in the future for women or men as they grow older.
The studies previously discussed do not provide any evidence of policies or organizations that aim to prevent violence before it happens, however all of the member- states that ratified Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) aare legally bound to put its provision into practice and submit “national reports, at least every four years, on measures they have taken to comply with their treaty obligations” (CEDAW 1). These binding mandates not only have the power over its member to enforce the laws of the treaty, but CEDAW also requires an updated on the progress that the country has made to ensure that their efforts are being implemented within the countries. After reading Brazil’s national report, it becomes clear that CEDAW’s enforcement allowed women within Brazil to obtain maternity leave, right to Social Security, changed the term “non-criminal abortion” to “abortion,” includes rape as a non- bail-able crime, allows women to buy houses without spousal consent in 1994, and provides women with healthcare in 1995. Among plenty of other laws passed and amendments changed, Brazil has begun the process of implementing gender inclusive laws and amendments into its society to prevent violence against women before the violence happens (CEDAW/C/BRA
In Trinidad and Tobago the Domestic violence Act chap 45:56 of 1999 defines domestic violence as ‘ physical, sexual, emotional or physiological or financial abuse committed by a person against a spouse, child, any other person who is a member of the household or a dependant.’ This paper will be a review on domestic violence but specifically focusing on domestic violence against women in Trinidad and Tobago, the effects that it has on the victim and family members, the laws pertaining to domestic violence against women and what are some of the avenues and resources that are available to victims. The United Nations defines violence against women as “any act of gender based violence that results in, or is likely to result in physical, sexual or mental harm, or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.” According to the Head of the Victim and Witness Support Unit of the Police Service Mrs. Margaret Sampson-Browne stated that between the periods