What Are The Causes Of The Industrial Revolution

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Nathan Huot Chapter 22 Notes Causes of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was caused by economic development, population growth, agricultural revolution, expansion of trade, and an openness to innovation. The population in Europe rose exponentially with the fastest growth occurring in England and Wales where the population rose from 5.5 million in 1688, to 9 million in 1801, and 18 million by 1851. The Agricultural Revolution, which helped the innovations in manufacturing in the Industrial Revolution, was a revolution in farming that provided food for the city dwellers and forced poorer peasants off the land. In Europe, increasing production by traditional ways was a solution to the increasing demand that accompanied population…show more content…
The pottery industry is an example of mass production that occurred in Europe. This was done through a division of labor. An example of mechanization is the cotton industry where the machines would take over job of separating cotton seeds from humans. The steam engine was significant because it made transportation so much faster and was the first machine to transform fossil duel into mechanical energy. The Impact of the Early Industrial Revolution Changes in society, politics, and economy were found due to the Industrial Revolution. Due to industrialization, towns and cities grew so fast with towns and cities increasing their population such as a twentyfold increase in Manchester. The Industrial Revolution led to an increase in deforestation so that land would be cleared to make new factories. Industrialization offered new opportunities for work, however, few were successful and the jobs were boring and repetitive along with the long work days. Industrialization made society change to distinguish people as either the rich or the poor. New Economic and Political…show more content…
The British ship, Nemesis was released, it was a ship with an iron hull, a flat bottom, and had a steam engine. Environment + Technology Graphs are the visual representation of numerical tables and are a part of the information technologies. Graphs were first created in the seventeenth century by English and French scientists to illustrate natural phenomena. Few people outside the small scientific community cared about graphs and this changed when William Playfair first published graphs about interest called The Commercial and the Political Atlas in 1786. Today, graphs are indispensable for conveying information in various subjects such as science, finance, government, and business. Diversity and Dominance Adam Smith is a Scottish social philosopher who became famous after he published An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations in 1776. This was the first published work to explain the economy of a nation as a system. In this work, Smith many things such as the nation, the common eighteenth century, and that a nation’s wealth was based on the amount of gold and silver in the government’s coffers. Smith redefines wealth as the amount of goods and services produced by a nation’s
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