The Pros And Cons Of The Industrial Revolution

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The Industrial Revolution occurred in the 19th century, originating in Europe. It is characterized by rapid improvements and developments in spheres of transportation, construction, communication, technology, cultivation, and textile manufacturing1. This innovative period propelled people from a primarily rustic and agricultural existence, into a more modernized lifestyle. Furthermore, it had a far-reaching effect on many countries’ socioeconomic and cultural conditions, mostly England.2 What England had which made the revolution possible was wealthy capitalists who were willing to invest in large quantities expensive machinery and factories, a large market for manufactured products, the copious resources such as coal, for steam engines, and iron ore, for making machines, and great geographically located harbors, for trade. The machineries created during this gradual revolution made it economically viable for an increase in world population, growth of cities, the development of new recreational facilities and the increase in volume and variety of merchandises. In this essay, I will address, in no particular order, and explain a few of the most pivotal inventions that lead to the Industrial Revolution and the benefits of each creation.

The steam engine, acted as the foundation of the industrial revolution and was first introduced by Thomas Newcomen in 1705. In the 1760s, James Watts’ developed steam engine could pump water from coal mines three times faster than Newcomen’s
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